fcx123109-10k.htm

 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
FORM 10-K
 
(Mark One)
[X] ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2009
OR
[  ] TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from
 
to
Commission File Number: 1-9916
 
fcx logo
 
Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Delaware
74-2480931
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
   
One North Central Avenue
 
Phoenix, Arizona
85004-4414
(Address of principal executive offices)
(Zip Code)
 
(602) 366-8100
(Registrant's telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.10 per share
 
New York Stock Exchange
7%  Convertible Senior Notes due 2011 of the registrant
 
New York Stock Exchange
6¾% Mandatory Convertible Preferred Stock, par value $0.10 per share
 
New York Stock Exchange
Preferred Stock Purchase Rights
 
New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:  None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act             R Yes 0 No

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.        0 Yes R No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.                                                                                    R Yes 0 No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).         R Yes 0 No
 
Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K (§229.405 of this chapter) is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of the registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.   R

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.   R Large accelerated filer 0 Accelerated filer 0 Non-accelerated filer 0 Smaller reporting company

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act).                                  0 Yes R No

The aggregate market value of common stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $31.4 billion on February 12, 2010, and approximately $20.5 billion on June 30, 2009.

Common stock issued and outstanding was 430,565,147 shares on February 12, 2010, and 411,783,284 shares on June 30, 2009.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
Portions of our proxy statement for our 2010 annual meeting of stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III (Items 10, 11, 12, 13 and 14) of this report.
 

 
 

 

FREEPORT-McMoRan COPPER & GOLD INC.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
   
 
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PART I
Items 1. and 2. Business and Properties.

All of our periodic reports filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, are available, free of charge, through our web site, www.fcx.com, including our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K and any amendments to those reports. These reports and amendments are available through our web site as soon as reasonably practicable after we electronically file or furnish such material to the SEC.

References to “we,” “us” and “our” refer to Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold Inc. (FCX) and its consolidated subsidiaries, including, except as otherwise stated, Phelps Dodge Corporation (Phelps Dodge) and its subsidiaries, which we acquired on March 19, 2007. In 2008, we changed Phelps Dodge’s legal name to Freeport-McMoRan Corporation (FMC); therefore, references to FMC and Phelps Dodge represent the same entity. References to “Notes” refer to the “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” included herein (see Item 8. “Financial Statements and Supplementary Data”).

GENERAL

We are a leading international mining company with headquarters in Phoenix, Arizona. We are one of the world’s largest copper, gold and molybdenum mining companies in terms of reserves and production. Our portfolio of assets includes the Grasberg minerals district in Indonesia, which contains the largest single recoverable copper reserve and the largest single gold reserve of any mine in the world based on the latest available reserve data provided by third-party industry consultants; significant mining operations in North and South America; and the Tenke Fungurume minerals district in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). We also operate Atlantic Copper, our wholly owned copper smelting and refining unit in Spain.

As a mining company, our principal assets are our reserves. At December 31, 2009, consolidated recoverable proven and probable reserves totaled 104.2 billion pounds of copper, 37.2 million ounces of gold, 2.59 billion pounds of molybdenum, 270.4 million ounces of silver and 0.78 billion pounds of cobalt. Approximately 33 percent of our copper reserves were in Indonesia, approximately 33 percent were in South America, approximately 26 percent were in North America and approximately eight percent were in Africa. Approximately 96 percent of our gold reserves were in Indonesia, with the majority of our remaining gold reserves located in South America. Our molybdenum reserves are primarily in North America (approximately 80 percent), with our remaining molybdenum reserves in South America (refer to “Ore Reserves”).

Our mining revenues for 2009 include sales of copper (approximately 75 percent), gold (approximately 17 percent) and molybdenum (approximately five percent). We currently have six operating copper mines in North America, four in South America, the Grasberg minerals district in Indonesia and the Tenke Fungurume minerals district in the DRC. We also have one operating primary molybdenum mine in North America. During 2009, approximately 61 percent of our consolidated copper production was from our Grasberg, Morenci and Cerro Verde mines, and more than half of our mined copper was sold in concentrate, approximately 25 percent as cathodes and approximately 21 percent as rod (principally from our North America operations). We also produce gold as a by-product at our copper mines, primarily at the Grasberg minerals district in Indonesia, which accounted for approximately 96 percent of our consolidated gold production for 2009. For 2009, approximately 50 percent of our consolidated molybdenum production was from the Henderson molybdenum mine and approximately 46 percent was produced as a by-product at our North America copper mines. Refer to “Mines” for further discussion of our mining operations.

Prior to March 19, 2007, we operated our Grasberg mine in Indonesia and Atlantic Copper. On March 19, 2007, we acquired Phelps Dodge, a fully integrated producer of copper and molybdenum with mines in North and South America, and several development projects, including Tenke Fungurume in the DRC. After completion of the Phelps Dodge acquisition, our business strategy was focused on repaying acquisition-related debt, defining the potential of our resources and developing expansion and growth plans to deliver additional volumes to a growing marketplace. During 2007, we repaid $10.0 billion in term loans using a combination of equity proceeds and internally generated cash flows. Because of the significant reduction in debt and historically high prices for copper, gold and molybdenum, our financial policy during most of 2008 was designed to use our cash flow to invest in growth projects with anticipated high rates of return and to return excess cash flows to stockholders in the form of dividends and share purchases. The dramatic declines in copper and molybdenum prices in late 2008 and the deterioration of the economic and credit environment limited our ability to invest in growth projects and
 
1

 
required us to make adjustments to our near-term plans in late 2008 and early 2009 (refer to Note 2 for further discussion). However, during 2009 copper prices improved from the January 2009 low of $1.38 per pound to $3.33 per pound on December 31, 2009, and subsequently closed at $3.11 per pound on January 29, 2010. Rising copper prices, along with higher volumes from the Grasberg mine and lower costs at our North America mines, enabled us to enhance our financial and liquidity position during 2009, allowing us to manage volatile conditions effectively, reduce debt and reinstate cash dividends to stockholders, while maintaining our future growth opportunities. In addition, we have announced initiatives to resume certain project development activities that were deferred in late 2008. For additional information, refer to Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

In North America, we currently have six operating copper mines – Morenci, Sierrita, Bagdad, Safford and Miami in Arizona, and Tyrone in New Mexico. In addition to copper, the Morenci, Sierrita and Bagdad mines produce molybdenum as a by-product. Although we currently are not conducting mining operations at our Chino mine in New Mexico, we continue to produce copper from leaching operations.

In South America, we have four operating copper mines – Cerro Verde in Peru, and Candelaria, Ojos del Salado and El Abra in Chile. In addition to copper, the Cerro Verde mine produces molybdenum concentrate as a by-product and the Candelaria and Ojos del Salado mines produce gold and silver as by-products.

In Indonesia, PT Freeport Indonesia operates the Grasberg minerals district. Our Grasberg minerals district also produces significant quantities of gold and silver as by-products. PT Freeport Indonesia also owns 25 percent of PT Smelting, a smelting and refining company in Gresik, Indonesia.

In Africa, we operate the Tenke Fungurume minerals district. In addition to copper, the Tenke Fungurume mine produces cobalt hydroxide. Copper production commenced in March 2009, and Tenke achieved targeted copper production rates in September 2009. We are continuing to address start-up and quality issues in the cobalt circuit and sustained targeted cobalt production rates are expected to be reached during 2010.

We produce molybdenum at our wholly owned Henderson molybdenum mine in Colorado, which is the largest primary producer of molybdenum in the world. Additionally, we own the Climax molybdenum mine in Colorado which is currently on care-and-maintenance status.

For information about our operating segments and financial data by geographic area refer to Note 20.

The locations of our operating mines are shown on the map below.

World Map

2

 
The diagram below shows our corporate structure.

Organization Chart

COPPER, GOLD AND MOLYBDENUM

Our mines primarily produce copper, gold and molybdenum. A brief discussion of the production and sales of these metals appears below; discussion of markets and prices for these metals appears in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

Copper
Copper, in the form of copper cathode, is an internationally traded commodity, and its prices are determined by the major metals exchanges – New York Mercantile Exchange (COMEX), the London Metals Exchange (LME) and the Shanghai Futures Exchange (SHFE). Prices on these exchanges generally reflect the worldwide balance of copper supply and demand and can be volatile and cyclical.

Our copper ores are generally processed either by smelting and refining or by solution extraction and electrowinning (SX/EW). Ore subject to the smelting process is crushed and further treated to produce a copper concentrate with an average copper content of about 30 percent. Copper concentrate is then smelted (subjected to extreme heat) to produce copper anodes, which weigh between 800 and 900 pounds each and have an average copper content of 99.5 percent. The anodes are further treated by electrolytic refining to produce copper cathodes, which weigh between 100 and 350 pounds each and have a copper content of 99.99 percent.

In the SX/EW process, copper is extracted from ore by dissolving it with a weak sulphuric acid solution. The copper content of the solution is increased in two additional solution-extraction stages and then the copper-bearing solution undergoes an electrowinning process to produce cathode that is 99.99 percent copper.

Our copper cathodes are used as the raw material input for copper rod, brass mill products and for other uses. In general, demand for copper reflects the rate of underlying world economic growth, particularly in industrial production and construction. According to Brook Hunt, a widely followed independent metals market consultant, copper’s end-use markets (and their estimated shares of total consumption) are:

3

 
Construction
35
%
Electrical applications
32
%
Industrial machinery
12
%
Transportation
11
%
Consumer products
10
%

Gold
Gold is used for jewelry, coinage and bullion as well as various industrial and electronic applications. Gold can be readily sold on numerous markets throughout the world. Benchmark prices are generally based on London Bullion Market Association quotations.

Molybdenum
Molybdenum is a key alloying element in steel and the raw material for several chemical-grade products used in catalysts, lubrication, smoke suppression, corrosion inhibition and pigmentation. Molybdenum as a high-purity metal is also used in electronics such as flat-panel displays and in super alloys used in aerospace. Molybdenum’s end-use markets and their share of total consumption are:

Construction steel
37
%
Stainless steel
21
%
Chemicals
13
%
Tool and high-speed steel
10
%
Cast iron
8
%
Molybdenum metal
7
%
Super alloys
4
%

Reference prices for molybdenum are available in several publications, including Platts Metals Week, Ryan’s Notes and Metal Bulletin.

PRODUCTS AND SALES

Copper Products
We are one of the world’s leading producers of copper concentrate, cathode and continuous cast copper rod. During 2009, approximately 61 percent of our consolidated copper production was from our Grasberg, Morenci and Cerro Verde mines, and more than half of our mined copper was sold in concentrate, approximately 25 percent as cathodes and approximately 21 percent as rod (principally from our North America operations).

Copper Concentrate.  In 2009, we produced copper concentrate at seven mines, of which PT Freeport Indonesia is our largest producer. Approximately 50 percent of PT Freeport Indonesia’s concentrate production in 2009 was refined at affiliated smelters, Atlantic Copper and PT Smelting.

Copper concentrate was also produced at our Morenci, Sierrita and Bagdad mines in Arizona, and was generally shipped to our Miami smelter in Arizona. In South America, we produced copper concentrate at our Cerro Verde mine in Peru and our Candelaria and Ojos del Salado mines in Chile. We are initiating activities to restart the Morenci mill, which was temporarily idled in February 2009, to process available sulfide material currently being mined.

Copper Cathode.  In 2009, we produced copper cathode at two electrolytic refineries and ten mines. Our refineries are located in El Paso, Texas, and Huelva, Spain. PT Smelting also produces copper cathode. We produced SX/EW cathode from our Morenci, Sierrita, Bagdad, Chino, Safford, Tyrone and Miami mines in North America and our Cerro Verde and El Abra mines in South America. In 2009, we began SX/EW production at our Tenke Fungurume mine in the DRC.

Continuous Cast Copper Rod.  We manufacture continuous cast copper rod at our facilities in El Paso, Texas; Norwich, Connecticut and Miami, Arizona.

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Other Copper Products.  We produce specialty copper products at our Bayway operations in Elizabeth, New Jersey. These products include specialty copper alloys in the forms of rod, bar and strip. We manufacture electrode wire for use in welding steel cans at our Norwich, Connecticut and El Paso, Texas, facilities. We also produce copper sulfate pentahydrate for use in agricultural and industrial applications at our facility in Sierrita, Arizona.

Copper Sales
North America.  The majority of the copper produced at our North America copper mines and refined in our El Paso refinery is consumed at our rod plants in El Paso, Texas; Norwich, Connecticut and Miami, Arizona. The remainder of our North America copper production is sold in the form of copper cathode or copper concentrate to third parties. Generally, copper rod and cathode are sold to wire and cable fabricators and brass mills under United States (U.S.) dollar-denominated, annual contracts. Cathode and rod contract prices are generally based on the prevailing COMEX monthly average spot price for the month of shipment and include a premium.

South America. Production from our South America copper mines is generally sold as copper concentrate or copper cathode under U.S. dollar-denominated, annual and multi-year contracts. Cerro Verde sells approximately 70 percent of its production as concentrate and the rest as cathode. Some of Cerro Verde’s cathode is sold under annual contract terms to South American customers. Approximately 22 percent of Cerro Verde’s and 11 percent of Candelaria’s 2009 concentrate production was sold at market rates to Atlantic Copper. A majority of our Ojos del Salado concentrate production is sold to local Chilean smelters. El Abra’s cathode production is sold primarily under annual or multi-year contracts to Asian or European rod or brass mill customers, or to merchants. The remainder of the cathode and concentrate production is primarily sold under long-term contracts to external customers, largely located in Asia, with the balance sold on a spot basis.

Our South America sales are priced based on the LME monthly average spot price. Cathode sales are generally priced in the month of arrival at the buyer’s facilities and generally include a premium. Substantially all of our concentrate sales are priced in the third calendar month following the month of arrival at the buyer’s facilities. Revenues from South America concentrate sales are recorded net of treatment and refining charges. Treatment and refining charges are fees paid to smelters and refiners and are generally negotiated annually. Moreover, because a portion of the metals contained in copper concentrates is unrecoverable from the smelting process, our revenues from concentrate sales are also recorded net of allowances based on the quantity and value of these unrecoverable metals. These allowances are a negotiated term of our contracts and vary by customer.

Indonesia. PT Freeport Indonesia sells its production in the form of copper concentrate, which contains significant quantities of by-product gold and silver, under U.S. dollar-denominated sales agreements. During 2009, approximately half of PT Freeport Indonesia’s production was sold to Atlantic Copper and PT Smelting. PT Freeport Indonesia sells substantially all of its budgeted production of copper concentrates under long-term contracts. In general, most of its concentrate sales are priced on the basis of the LME average spot price for either the first, second or third calendar month following the month of arrival at the buyer’s facilities.

PT Freeport Indonesia has a long-term contract to provide Atlantic Copper with approximately 55 percent of its current concentrate requirements at market prices.
 
PT Freeport Indonesia’s contract with PT Smelting provides for the supply of 100 percent of the copper concentrate requirements necessary to produce 205,000 metric tons of copper annually (essentially the smelter’s original design capacity) on a priority basis. Refer to “Smelting Facilities” for further discussion.

We anticipate that PT Freeport Indonesia will sell approximately 60 percent of its annual concentrate production to Atlantic Copper and PT Smelting in 2010. A summary of PT Freeport Indonesia’s aggregate percentage concentrate sales to PT Smelting, Atlantic Copper and to other parties for the last three years follows:

   
2009
 
2008
 
2007
PT Smelting
 
32%
 
41%
 
39%
Atlantic Copper
 
18%
 
15%
 
25%
Other parties
 
50%
 
44%
 
36%
   
100%
 
100%
 
100%
             

5


PT Freeport Indonesia’s sales to PT Smelting represented approximately 13 percent of our consolidated revenues in 2009, approximately eight percent in 2008 and approximately 11 percent in 2007. No other customer accounted for more than 10 percent of our consolidated revenues in any of the three years ended December 31, 2009.

Revenues from our Indonesia concentrate sales are recorded net of royalties (refer to “Mines – Indonesia – Contracts of Work”), and treatment and refining charges (including price participation charges, if applicable, based on the market prices of metals). Similar to our South America mines, Indonesia concentrate sales are net of allowances for unrecoverable metals. PT Freeport Indonesia sells a small amount of copper concentrates in the spot market.

Africa.  Copper produced at our Tenke Fungurume mining district is generally sold as copper cathode under U.S. dollar denominated contracts priced based on the LME monthly average spot price for the month after the month of shipment.

Europe. Atlantic Copper sells copper cathode directly to rod and brass mills, primarily located in Europe. Atlantic Copper has occasionally sold copper cathode to merchants. Copper cathode is generally sold under annual contracts and priced based on the LME average spot price for the month of arrival at the buyer’s facilities.

Gold Products and Sales
We also produce gold as a by-product, primarily at the Grasberg minerals district, which accounted for approximately 96 percent of our consolidated gold production in 2009. Gold is primarily sold as a component of our copper concentrate or in slimes, which are a by-product of the smelting and refining process. Gold generally is priced at the average London Bullion Market Association price for a specified month near the month of shipment.

Molybdenum Products and Sales
We are the world’s largest producer of molybdenum and molybdenum-based chemicals. In addition to production from our Henderson molybdenum mine, we produce by-product molybdenum at our Morenci, Sierrita and Bagdad mines in Arizona and at our Cerro Verde mine in Peru. For 2009, approximately half of our consolidated molybdenum production was from the Henderson molybdenum mine and approximately 46 percent was produced as a by-product at the North America mines.

The majority of our molybdenum concentrates are processed in our own conversion facilities. Technical-grade oxide is produced from molybdenum concentrates in Sierrita, Arizona; Fort Madison, Iowa and Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Ferromolybdenum is produced from technical-grade oxide in Stowmarket, United Kingdom through a metallothermic reduction process. High-quality molybdenum concentrates are converted into molybdenum chemicals at Fort Madison, Iowa and Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Molybdenum generally is priced based on the average Platts Metals Week price for the month of shipment. Approximately 90 percent of our expected 2010 molybdenum sales are expected to be priced at prevailing market prices.

Other Products and Sales
We produce cobalt as a cobalt hydroxide intermediate by-product of copper production at the Tenke Fungurume mine in the DRC and silver as a component of our copper concentrate or in slimes. Cobalt hydroxide intermediate product is priced based on a discount to the average monthly price published by Metal Bulletin for a specified month near the month of shipment and silver generally is priced at the average London Bullion Market Association price for a specified month near the month of shipment. Sales of cobalt and silver, along with other by-product metals such as rhenium and magnetite, do not represent a significant component of our total revenues.

For an allocation of our consolidated revenues by geographic area, refer to Note 20.

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MINES

Curtailed Facilities
The following table summarizes the temporary curtailments announced in late 2008 and early 2009 in response to market conditions. For additional information, refer to Note 2. In addition, refer to Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” for further discussion of our current development projects.

Facility
 
Date of Announcement
 
Announced Reductions
 
Current Status
Copper
           
North America
           
· Morenci
 
December 2008 and January 2009
 
25 percent reduction in mining and crushed-leach rates in December 2008 and an additional reduction in January 2009 for a total 50 percent reduction in mining and crushed-leach rates.
 
Activities to restart mill commenced in 2010. Mine continues to operate at reduced rates.
· Chino
 
December 2008
 
Suspension of mining and milling activities. Leaching activities from stockpiles continues.
 
No change.
· Safford
 
December 2008
 
50 percent reduction in mining and stacking rates.
 
Continuing to operate at reduced rates.
· Tyrone
 
December 2008
 
50 percent reduction in mining rate.
 
Operating at 80 percent of capacity.
· Miami
 
December 2008
 
Deferral of restart of the Miami mine.
 
Restart activities resumed in late 2009.
South America
           
· Cerro Verde
 
January 2009
 
Deferral of incremental mill expansion
 
Mill expansion activities resumed in late 2009; continue to study long-term expansion opportunities.
· Candelaria/
                       Ojos del Salado
 
January 2009
 
Reduction in mining rates.
 
Continuing to operate at reduced rates.
· El Abra
 
 
December 2009
 
Deferral of development of sulfide ores.
 
Resumed development activities.
             
Molybdenum
           
· Henderson
 
November 2008 and January 2009
 
40 percent reduction in mining and milling rates.
 
Mining rates currently at 80 percent of capacity.
· Climax
 
November 2008
 
Deferral of restart of the Climax mine.
 
No change.
· Cerro Verde
 
January 2009
 
Suspension of molybdenum by-product production.
 
Molybdenum by-product production resumed in fourth quarter of 2009.

We are continuing to closely monitor market conditions and may make further adjustments to our production and sales plans.

Following are maps and descriptions of our North America (including Molybdenum operations), South America, Indonesia and Africa mining operations.

7


North America
In the U.S., most of the land occupied by our copper and molybdenum mines, concentrators, SX/EW facilities, smelter, refinery, rod mills, molybdenum roasters and processing facilities is generally owned by us or is located on unpatented mining claims owned by us. Certain portions of our Sierrita, Bagdad, Miami, Tyrone, Chino, Cobre and Henderson operations are located on government-owned land and are operated under a Mine Plan of Operations or other use permit. Various federal and state permits or leases on government land are held for purposes incidental to mine operations.
 
Morenci
Morenci and Safford Map
 
We own an 85 percent undivided interest in Morenci, with the remaining 15 percent owned by affiliates of Sumitomo Corporation. Each partner takes in kind its share of Morenci’s production.

Morenci is an open-pit copper mining complex that has been in continuous operation since 1939 and previously was mined through underground workings. Morenci is located in Greenlee County, Arizona, approximately 50 miles northeast of Safford on U.S. Highway 191. The site is accessible by a paved highway and a railway spur. The Morenci mine is a porphyry copper deposit that has oxide and secondary sulfide mineralization, and primary sulfide mineralization. The predominant oxide copper mineral is chrysocolla. Chalcocite is the most important secondary copper sulfide mineral with chalcopyrite as the dominant primary copper sulfide. The Morenci operation consists of a 49,000 metric ton-per-day concentrator, that when operating produces copper and molybdenum concentrate; a 72,000 metric ton-per-day crushed-ore leach pad and stacking system; a large low-grade run-of-mine (ROM) leaching system; four SX plants; and three EW tank houses that produce copper cathode. Total EW tank house capacity is approximately 916 million pounds of copper per year. Copper production for 2009 was 504 million pounds, including our partner’s share, which reflects the revised operating plan reducing the mining and crushed leach rate by 50 percent beginning in late 2008 and early 2009. The available mining fleet consists of 102 235-metric ton haul trucks loaded by 18 shovels with bucket sizes ranging from 47 to 55 cubic meters, which are capable of moving over 750,000 metric tons of material per day.

The concentrate leach, direct-electrowinning facility at Morenci was commissioned in third-quarter 2007 and produced copper concentrate until early 2009. We placed this facility on care-and-maintenance in first-quarter 2009 as part of our revised operating plan.

Morenci is located in a desert environment with rainfall averaging 13 inches per year. The highest bench elevation is 1,950 meters above sea level and the ultimate pit bottom is expected to have an elevation of 900 meters above sea level. The Morenci operation encompasses approximately 53,944 acres, comprising 47,609 acres of patented mining claims and other fee lands, 5,914 acres of unpatented mining claims, and 421 acres of land held by state or federal permits, easements and rights-of-way.

Morenci receives electrical power from Tucson Electric Power Company, Arizona Public Service Company and the Luna Energy facility in Deming, New Mexico (in which we own a one-third interest). Although we believe the Morenci operation has sufficient water sources to support currently planned mining operations, we are a party to litigation that could adversely affect our water rights at Morenci and at our other properties in Arizona. Refer to Item 3. “Legal Proceedings,” for information concerning the status of these proceedings.

8


Sierrita
Sierrita Map

Our wholly owned Sierrita mine has been in operation since 1959 and is an open-pit copper and molybdenum mining complex located in Pima County, Arizona, approximately 20 miles southwest of Tucson and seven miles west of the town of Green Valley and Interstate Highway 19. The site is accessible by a paved highway and by rail. The Sierrita mine is a porphyry copper deposit that has oxide and secondary sulfide mineralization, and primary sulfide mineralization. The predominant oxide copper minerals are malachite, azurite and chrysocolla. Chalcocite is the most important secondary copper sulfide mineral, and chalcopyrite and molybdenite are the dominant primary sulfides.

The Sierrita operation includes a 102,000 metric ton-per-day concentrator that produces copper and molybdenum concentrates. Sierrita also produces copper from a ROM oxide-leaching system. Cathode copper is plated at the Twin Buttes EW facility, which has a design capacity of approximately 50 million pounds of copper per year. In 2004, a copper sulfate crystal plant began production. The facility has the capacity to produce 40 million pounds of copper sulfate per year. The Sierrita operation also has molybdenum facilities consisting of a leaching circuit, two molybdenum roasters and a packaging facility. The molybdenum facilities process Sierrita concentrate, concentrate from our other mines and concentrate from third-party sources. Copper production for 2009 was 170 million pounds and molybdenum production was 19 million pounds. The available mining fleet has the capacity to move an average of 200,000 metric tons of material per day using 24 235-metric ton haul trucks loaded by four shovels with bucket sizes ranging from 34 to 56 cubic meters.

Sierrita is located in a desert environment with rainfall averaging 12 inches per year. The highest bench elevation is 1,350 meters above sea level and the ultimate pit bottom is expected to be 550 meters above sea level. The Sierrita operation, including the recently acquired Twin Buttes site, encompasses approximately 23,418 acres, comprising 13,282 acres of patented mining claims and other fee lands, 9,644 acres of unpatented mining claims, 5,913 acres of Arizona state mineral leases and 2,024 acres of leased lands.

Sierrita receives electrical power through long-term contracts with the Tucson Electric Power Company. Although we believe the Sierrita operation has sufficient water resources to support currently planned mining operations, we are a party to litigation that could adversely affect our water rights at Sierrita and at our other properties in Arizona. Refer to Item 3. “Legal Proceedings,” for information concerning the status of these proceedings.

Bagdad
Bagdad Map
 
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Bagdad is a wholly owned open-pit copper and molybdenum mining complex located in Yavapai County in west-central Arizona. It is approximately 60 miles west of Prescott and 100 miles northwest of Phoenix. The property can be reached by Arizona Highway 96, which ends at the town of Bagdad. The closest railroad siding is at Hillside, Arizona, approximately 24 miles southeast on Arizona Highway 96. The open-pit mining operation has been ongoing since 1945, and prior mining was conducted through underground workings. The Bagdad mine is a porphyry copper deposit containing both sulfide and oxide mineralization. Chalcopyrite and molybdenite are the dominant primary sulfides and are the primary economic minerals in the mine. Chalcocite is the most common secondary copper sulfide mineral, and the predominant oxide copper minerals are chrysocolla, malachite and azurite.

The Bagdad operation consists of a 75,000 metric ton-per-day concentrator that produces copper and molybdenum concentrates, an SX/EW plant that can produce up to 25 million pounds per year of copper cathode from solution generated by low-grade dump leaching and a pressure leach plant to process molybdenum concentrate. Copper production for 2009 was 225 million pounds and molybdenum production was six million pounds. The available mining fleet has the capacity to move in excess of 180,000 metric tons of material per day using 24 235-metric ton haul trucks loaded by five shovels with bucket sizes ranging from 40 to 56 cubic meters.

Bagdad is located in a desert environment with rainfall averaging 15 inches per year. The highest bench elevation is 1,200 meters above sea level and the ultimate pit bottom is expected to be 475 meters above sea level. The Bagdad operation encompasses approximately 21,743 acres, comprising 21,143 acres of patented mining claims and other fee lands, and 600 acres of unpatented mining claims.

Bagdad receives electrical power from Arizona Public Service Company. Although we believe the Bagdad operation has sufficient water resources to support currently planned mining operations, we are a party to litigation that could adversely affect our water rights at Bagdad and at our other properties in Arizona. Refer to Item 3. “Legal Proceedings,” for information concerning the status of these proceedings.

Safford
Morenci and Safford Map
 
Safford is a wholly owned open-pit copper mining complex located in Graham County, Arizona, approximately eight miles north of the town of Safford and 170 miles east of Phoenix. The site is accessible by paved county road off U.S. Highway 70. The Safford mine includes two copper deposits that have oxide mineralization overlaying primary copper sulfide mineralization. The predominant oxide copper minerals are chrysocolla and copper-bearing iron oxides with the predominant copper sulfide material being chalcopyrite.

Initial production commenced in late 2007 and ramped up to full production capacity during 2008 before operating plans were revised in fourth-quarter 2008 to curtail production.

The property is a mine-for-leach project and produces copper cathodes. The operation consists of two open pits feeding a crushing facility with a capacity of 103,000 metric tons per day of crushed ore. The crushed ore is delivered to a single leach pad by a series of overland and portable conveyors. Leach solutions feed an SX/EW facility with a capacity of 240 million pounds of copper per year. Copper production for 2009 was 184 million pounds, which reflects the revised operating plan reducing the mining and stacking rate by 50 percent beginning in late 2008. The available mining fleet consists of 23 235-metric ton haul trucks loaded by five shovels with
 
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bucket sizes ranging from 31 to 34 cubic meters, which are capable of moving an average of approximately 285,000 metric tons of material per day.

Safford is located in a desert environment with rainfall averaging 10 inches per year. The highest bench elevation is 1,250 meters above sea level and the ultimate pit bottom is expected to have an elevation of 750 meters above sea level. The Safford operation encompasses approximately 24,957 acres, comprising 20,994 acres of patented lands, 3,932 acres of unpatented lands and 31 acres of land held by federal permit.

The Safford operation’s electrical power is provided by Morenci Water and Electric Company, a wholly owned subsidiary of FCX, through the transmission systems of Southwest Transmission Cooperative, a subsidiary of Arizona Electric Power Cooperative, Inc., with most of the power sourced from the Luna Energy facility. Although we believe the Safford operation has sufficient water resources to support currently planned mining operations, we are a party to litigation that could adversely impact the water rights at Safford and at our other properties in Arizona. Refer to Item 3. “Legal Proceedings,” for information concerning the status of these proceedings.

Miami
Miami Map

Miami is a wholly owned open-pit copper mining complex located in Gila County, Arizona, approximately 90 miles east of Phoenix and six miles west of the city of Globe on U.S. Highway 60. The site is accessible by a paved highway and by rail. The Miami mine is developed on a porphyry copper deposit that has leachable oxide and secondary sulfide mineralization. The predominant oxide copper minerals are chrysocolla, copper-bearing clays, malachite and azurite; chalcocite and covellite are the most important secondary copper sulfide minerals.

Since about 1915, the Miami mining operation had processed copper ore using both flotation and leaching technologies; currently, and since 2002, operations have consisted of residual leaching of stockpiles with copper recovered (from solution) by the SX/EW process. The design capacity of the SX/EW plant is 200 million pounds of copper per year. Copper production for 2009 was 16 million pounds. The available mining fleet consists of 24 227-metric ton haul trucks loaded by 3 shovels with bucket sizes ranging from 31 to 34-cubic meters, which are capable of moving an average of approximately 155,000 metric tons of material per day.

In fourth-quarter 2009, we initiated plans to restart limited mining activities at the Miami mine, which will improve efficiencies of ongoing reclamation projects associated with historical mining activities at the site. During the approximate five-year mine life, we expect to ramp up production to approximately 100 million pounds of copper per year by the second half of 2011. We will be investing approximately $40 million in this project, which will benefit from the use of existing mine equipment.

Miami is located in a desert environment with rainfall averaging 18 inches per year. The highest bench elevation is 1,390 meters above sea level, and the ultimate pit bottom will have an elevation of 810 meters above sea level. The Miami operation encompasses approximately 9,058 acres comprising 8,725 acres of patented mining claims and other fee lands, and 333 acres of unpatented mining claims.

Miami receives electrical power through long-term contracts with the Salt River Project and natural gas through long-term contracts with El Paso Natural Gas as the transporter. Although we believe the Miami operation has sufficient water resources to support currently planned mining operations, we are a party to litigation that could
 
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adversely impact the water rights at Miami and at our other properties in Arizona. Refer to Item 3. “Legal Proceedings,” for information concerning the status of these proceedings.

Tyrone
Tyrone Map

Our wholly owned Tyrone mine is an open-pit copper mining complex which has been in operation since 1967. It is located in southwestern New Mexico in Grant County, approximately 10 miles south of Silver City, New Mexico, along State Highway 90. The site is accessible by paved road. The Tyrone mine is a porphyry copper deposit. Mineralization is predominantly secondary sulfide consisting of chalcocite.

Copper processing facilities consist of an SX/EW operation with a maximum capacity of 168 million pounds of copper cathodes per year. Copper production for 2009 was 86 million pounds, reflecting the revised operating plan which reduced the mining rate by 50 percent beginning in late 2008. The mining rate increased during 2009, and the mine is currently operating at approximately 80 percent of capacity. The available mining fleet has the capacity to move an average of 120,000 metric tons of material per day using 15 240-metric ton haul trucks loaded by three shovels with bucket sizes ranging from 17 to 42 cubic meters.

Tyrone is located in a desert environment with rainfall averaging 16 inches per year. The highest bench elevation is 2,000 meters above sea level and the ultimate pit bottom is expected to have an elevation of 1,500 meters above sea level. The Tyrone operation encompasses approximately 35,200 acres, comprising 18,755 acres of patented mining claims and other fee lands, and 16,445 acres of unpatented mining claims (includes 1,116 acres overlaying federal minerals on previously counted fee lands).

Tyrone receives electrical power from the Luna Energy facility and from the open market. Tyrone also has the ability to self-generate power. We believe the Tyrone operation has sufficient water resources to support currently planned mining operations.

Henderson
Henderson Map

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Our wholly owned Henderson molybdenum mine has been in operation since 1976 and is located approximately 42 miles west of Denver, Colorado, off U.S. Highway 40. Nearby communities include the towns of Empire, Georgetown and Idaho Springs. The Henderson mill site is located approximately 15 miles west of the mine and is accessible from Colorado State Highway 9. The Henderson mine and mill are connected by a 10-mile conveyor tunnel under the Continental Divide and an additional five-mile surface conveyor. The tunnel portal is located five miles east of the mill. The Henderson mine is a porphyry molybdenum deposit with molybdenite as the primary sulfide mineral.

The Henderson operation consists of a large block-cave underground mining complex feeding a concentrator with a current capacity of approximately 29,000 metric tons-per-day. Henderson has the capacity to produce approximately 40 million pounds of molybdenum per year. The majority of the molybdenum concentrate produced is shipped to our Fort Madison, Iowa, processing facility. Molybdenum production for 2009 was 27 million pounds, which reflects the revised operating plan reducing Henderson’s annual production by 40 percent beginning in late 2008 and early 2009. Conditions improved somewhat during 2009 and Henderson is currently operating at approximately 80 percent of capacity. The available underground mining equipment fleet consists of 13 nine-metric ton load-haul-dump (LHD) units and seven 36- and 73-metric ton haul trucks, which feed a gyratory crusher feeding a series of three overland conveyors to the mill stockpiles.

The Henderson mine is located in a mountain region with the main access shaft at 3,180 meters above sea level. The main production levels are currently at elevations of 2,200 and 2,350 meters above sea level. This region experiences significant snowfall during the winter months.

The Henderson mine and mill operations encompass approximately 11,878 acres, comprising 11,843 acres of patented mining claims and other fee lands, and a 35-acre easement with the U.S. Forest Service for the surface portion of the conveyor corridor.

Henderson operations receive electrical power through long-term contracts with Xcel Energy and natural gas through long-term contracts with BP Energy, with Xcel Energy as the transporter. We believe the Henderson operation has sufficient water resources to support currently planned mining operations.

Non-Operating North America Mines
In addition to the currently operating mines described above, we have three non-operating copper mines in Arizona: Ajo, Bisbee and Tohono; two in New Mexico: Chino (with limited residual copper production from leaching operations) and Cobre; and the Climax molybdenum mine in Colorado, all of which are currently on care-and-maintenance status.

In response to market conditions during fourth-quarter 2008, we placed the Chino mine on care-and-maintenance status in December 2008. The remainder of these copper mines have been on care-and-maintenance status for several years and would require significant capital investment to return them to operating status. Several of the non-operating Arizona and New Mexico copper mines continue to produce copper cathode from stockpiles. Copper production in 2009 from these mines totaled 36 million pounds.

During fourth-quarter 2008, we also suspended construction activities associated with the project to restart the Climax molybdenum mine, which would have an annual capacity of 30 million pounds of molybdenum with expansion options. We continue to monitor market conditions to determine timing for restarting construction of this project. Once a decision is made to resume construction activities, the project could be completed within 18 months. Remaining costs for the project are estimated to approximate $350 million.

South America
At our operations in South America, mine properties and facilities are controlled through mining claims or concessions under the general mining laws of the relevant country. The claims or concessions are owned or controlled by the operating companies in which we or our subsidiaries have an ownership interest. Roads, power lines and aqueducts are controlled by easements.

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Cerro Verde
Cerro Verde Map
 
We have a 53.56 percent ownership interest in Cerro Verde. The remaining 46.44 percent is held by SMM Cerro Verde Netherlands B.V. (21.0 percent), Compañia de Minas Buenaventura S.A.A. (19.3 percent) and other stockholders whose shares are publicly traded on the Lima Stock Exchange (6.14 percent).

Cerro Verde is an open-pit copper and molybdenum mining complex that has been in operation since 1976 and is located 20 miles southwest of Arequipa, Peru. The site is accessible by paved highway. The Cerro Verde mine is a porphyry copper deposit that has oxide and secondary sulfide mineralization, and primary sulfide mineralization. The predominant oxide copper minerals are brochantite, chrysocolla, malachite and copper “pitch.” Chalcocite and covellite are the most important secondary copper sulfide minerals. Chalcopyrite and molybdenite are the dominant primary sulfides.

Cerro Verde’s current operation consists of an open-pit copper mine, concentrator and SX/EW leaching facilities. Leach copper production is derived from a 39,000 metric ton-per-day crushed leach facility and a ROM leach system. This leaching operation has a capacity of approximately 200 million pounds of copper per year. A 108,000 metric ton-per-day concentrator was completed in late 2006 and began processing of sulfide ore in the fourth quarter of 2006. Copper production for 2009 was 662 million pounds and molybdenum production was 2 million pounds. We have commenced a project to optimize throughput at the concentrator. The project, which is expected to be completed by the end of 2010, is designed to add 30 million pounds of additional copper production per year by increasing mill throughput from 108,000 metric tons of ore per day to 120,000 metric tons of ore per day. The total capital investment for this project is expected to approximate $50 million.

Cerro Verde has sufficient equipment to move an average of 308,000 metric tons of material per day using an available fleet of 28 180-metric ton and 230-metric ton haul trucks loaded by five shovels with bucket sizes ranging in size from 21 to 53 cubic meters.

Approximately one-third of Cerro Verde’s copper cathode production is sold locally and the remaining copper cathodes and concentrate production are transported approximately 70 miles by truck and rail to the Pacific Port of Matarani for shipment to international markets.

Cerro Verde is located in a desert environment with rainfall averaging 1.5 inches per year and is in an active seismic zone. The highest bench elevation is 2,900 meters above sea level and the ultimate pit bottom is expected to be 2,000 meters above sea level. Cerro Verde has a mining concession covering approximately 157,007 acres plus 24 acres of owned property and 79 acres of rights-of-way outside the mining concession area.

Cerro Verde receives electrical power under long-term contracts with Electroperu and Empresa de Generación Eléctrica de Arequipa. Water for our Cerro Verde processing operations comes from renewable sources through a series of storage reservoirs on the Rio Chili watershed that collect water primarily from seasonal precipitation. Cerro Verde’s participation in the Pillones Reservoir Project has secured water rights that we believe will be sufficient to support Cerro Verde’s currently planned operations. With the completion of the Bamputañe dam during 2009, an additional 40 million cubic meters of water storage was added to the system. For a discussion of risks associated with the availability of water, see Item 1A. – “Risk Factors.”

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El Abra
El Abra Map
 
We own a 51 percent interest in El Abra. The remaining 49 percent interest is held by the state-owned copper enterprise Corporación Nacional del Cobre de Chile (CODELCO).

El Abra is an open-pit copper mining complex that has been in operation since 1996 and is located 47 miles north of Calama in Chile’s El Loa province, Region II. The site is accessible by paved highway and by rail. The El Abra mine is a porphyry copper deposit that has oxide and sulfide mineralization. The predominant oxide copper minerals are chrysocolla and pseudomalachite. There are lesser amounts of copper-bearing clays and tenorite. The predominant primary sulfide copper minerals are bornite and chalcopyrite. There is a minor amount of secondary sulfide mineralization as chalcocite.

The El Abra operation consists of an open-pit copper mine and an SX/EW facility with a capacity of 500 million pounds of copper cathode per year from a 120,000 metric ton-per-day crushed leach circuit and a similar-sized, ROM leaching operation. Copper production for 2009 was 358 million pounds. The mining operation has sufficient equipment to move an average of 223,000 metric tons of material per day using an available fleet of 26 220-metric ton haul trucks loaded by four shovels with buckets ranging in size from 26 to 41 cubic meters.

We have resumed construction activities associated with the development of a large sulfide deposit at El Abra that will extend the mine life by over ten years. Production from the sulfide ore, which will be ramping up to approximately 300 million pounds of copper per year is expected to begin in 2012 and will replace the current oxide copper production that is expected to decline over the next several years. The project will use a portion of the existing facilities to process the additional sulfide ore. Total capital for the project is estimated to approximate $700 million through 2015, of which approximately $500 million is for the initial phase of the project that is expected to be completed in 2012.

El Abra is located in a desert environment with rainfall averaging less than one inch per year and is in an active seismic zone. The highest bench elevation is 4,180 meters above sea level and the ultimate pit bottom is expected to be 3,410 meters above sea level. El Abra controls a total of 110,268 acres of mining claims covering the ore deposit, stockpiles, process plant, and water wellfield and pipeline. In addition, El Abra has acquired land surface rights for the road between the processing plant and the mine, the water wellfield, power transmission lines and for the water pipeline from the Salar de Ascotán.

El Abra currently receives electrical power under a contract with Electroandina, which will expire at the end of 2017. Water for our El Abra processing operations comes from pumping of groundwater from the Salar de Ascotán pursuant to regulatory approval. We believe El Abra has sufficient water rights to support current operations. For a discussion of risks associated with the availability of water, see Item 1A. – “Risk Factors.”

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Candelaria and Ojos del Salado
Candelaria and Ojos Map
 
Candelaria.  We have an 80 percent ownership interest in Candelaria. The remaining 20 percent interest is owned by affiliates of Sumitomo Corporation.

Candelaria’s open-pit mine has been in operation since 1993 and the underground mine has been in operation since 2005. The Candelaria copper mining complex is located approximately 12 miles south of Copiapó in northern Chile’s Atacama province, Region III. The site is accessible by two maintained dirt roads, one coming through the Tierra Amarilla community and the other off of Route 5 of the International Pan-American Highway. The Candelaria mine is an iron oxide, copper/gold deposit. Primary sulfide mineralization consists of chalcopyrite.

The Candelaria operation consists of an open-pit copper mine and a 6,000 metric ton-per-day underground copper mine, which is mined by sublevel stoping, feeding a 75,000 metric ton-per-day concentrator. On average, open-pit mining operations move 235,000 metric tons of material per day using an available fleet of 38 225-metric ton haul trucks loaded by six shovels with bucket sizes ranging from 13 to 43 cubic meters. Copper concentrates are transported by truck to the Punta Padrones port facility located in Caldera, approximately 50 miles northwest of the mine. Copper production for 2009 was 296 million pounds and gold production was 74,000 ounces.

Candelaria is located in a desert environment with rainfall averaging less than one inch per year and is in an active seismic zone. The highest bench elevation is 675 meters above sea level and the ultimate pit bottom is expected to be 30 meters below sea level. The Candelaria property encompasses approximately 13,390 acres, including approximately 125 acres for the port facility in Caldera. The remaining property consists of mineral rights owned by us in which the surface is not owned but controlled by us, which is consistent with Chilean law. Candelaria receives electrical power through long-term contracts with Empresa Eléctrica Guacolda S.A., a local energy company. Candelaria’s water supply comes from well fields in the area of Tierra Amarilla and Copiapó that draw water from the Copiapó River aquifer. Because of rapid depletion of that aquifer in recent years, ongoing studies are addressing the adequacy of this water supply for Candelaria’s currently planned operations. For a discussion of risks associated with the availability of water, see Item 1A. – “Risk Factors.”

Ojos del Salado.  We have an 80 percent ownership interest in Ojos del Salado. The remaining 20 percent interest is owned by affiliates of Sumitomo Corporation.

The Ojos del Salado operation began commercial production in 1929 and consists of two underground copper mines (Santos and Alcaparrosa) and a 3,800 metric ton-per-day concentrator. The operation is located approximately 10 miles east of Copiapó in northern Chile’s Atacama province, Region III, and is accessible by paved highway. The Ojos del Salado mines are iron oxide and copper/gold deposits. Primary sulfide mineralization consists of chalcopyrite.

The Ojos del Salado operation has a capacity of 3,800 metric tons per day of ore from the Santos underground mine and 4,000 metric tons of ore per day from the Alcaparrosa underground mine. The ore from both mines is mined by sublevel stoping since both the ore and enclosing rocks are competent. The broken ore is removed from the stopes using scoops and loaded into an available fleet of 18 28-metric ton trucks, which transport the ore to the surface. The ore from the Santos mine is hauled directly to the Ojos del Salado mill for processing, and the
 
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ore from the Alcaparrosa mine is reloaded into five 54-metric ton trucks and hauled seven miles to the Candelaria mill for processing. The Ojos del Salado concentrator has the capacity to produce over 30 million pounds of copper and 9,000 ounces of gold per year. Copper production for 2009 was 74 million pounds and gold production was 18,000 ounces. Tailings from the Ojos del Salado mill are pumped to the Candelaria tailings facility for final deposition. The Candelaria facility has sufficient capacity for the remaining Ojos del Salado tailings in addition to Candelaria’s tailings.

Ojos del Salado is located in a desert environment with rainfall averaging less than one inch per year and is in an active seismic zone. The highest underground level is at an elevation of 500 meters above sea level, with the lowest underground level at 150 meters above sea level. The Ojos del Salado mineral rights encompass approximately 15,815 acres, which includes approximately 6,784 acres of owned land in and around the Ojos del Salado underground mines and plant site. The remaining property consists of mineral rights owned by us in which the surface is not owned but controlled by us, which is consistent with Chilean law.

Ojos del Salado receives electrical power through long-term contracts with Empresa Eléctrica Guacolda S.A. Ojos del Salado’s water supply comes from well fields in the area of Tierra Amarilla and Copiapó that draw water from the Copiapó River aquifer. Because of rapid depletion of this aquifer in recent years, ongoing studies are addressing the adequacy of this water supply for Ojos del Salado’s currently planned operations. For a discussion of risks associated with the availability of water, see Item 1A. – “Risk Factors.”

Indonesia

Ownership

PT Freeport Indonesia is a limited liability company organized under the laws of the Republic of Indonesia and incorporated in Delaware. We directly own 81.28 percent of PT Freeport Indonesia, 9.36 percent indirectly through our wholly owned subsidiary, PT Indocopper Investama, and the Government of Indonesia owns the remaining 9.36 percent. In July 2004, we received a request from the Indonesian Department of Energy and Mineral Resources that we offer to sell shares in PT Indocopper Investama to Indonesian nationals at fair market value. Refer to Note 15 for additional discussion.

In 1996, we established certain unincorporated joint ventures with Rio Tinto plc (Rio Tinto), an international mining company with headquarters in London, England. Pursuant to the joint venture agreements, Rio Tinto has a 40 percent interest in certain assets and future production exceeding specified annual amounts of copper, gold and silver through 2021 in Block A, and, after 2021, a 40 percent interest in all production from Block A.  Refer to Note 3 for further discussion of the joint venture with Rio Tinto.

Contracts of Work

Through a Contract of Work (COW) with the Government of Indonesia, PT Freeport Indonesia conducts its current exploration and mining operations in Indonesia. The COW governs our rights and obligations relating to taxes, exchange controls, royalties, repatriation and other matters, and was concluded pursuant to the 1967 Foreign Capital Investment Law, which expresses Indonesia’s foreign investment policy and provides basic guarantees of remittance rights and protection against nationalization, a framework for economic incentives and basic rules regarding other rights and obligations of foreign investors. Specifically, the COW provides that the Government of Indonesia will not nationalize or expropriate PT Freeport Indonesia’s mining operations. Any disputes regarding the provisions of the COW are subject to international arbitration. We have experienced no disputes requiring arbitration during the 41 years we have operated in Indonesia.

PT Freeport Indonesia’s COW covers both Block A, which was first included in a 1967 COW that was replaced by a new COW in 1991, and Block B in which we gained rights in 1991. The initial term of our COW expires in December 2021, but we can extend it for two 10-year periods subject to Indonesian government approval that cannot be withheld or delayed unreasonably. The COW allows us to conduct exploration, mining and production activities in the 24,700-acre Block A area, located in Papua. All of PT Freeport Indonesia’s proven and probable mineral reserves and current mining operations are located in Block A. Under the COW, PT Freeport Indonesia also conducts exploration activities (which had been suspended in 2009, but will resume in 2010) in the approximate 500,000-acre Block B area, in Papua. We originally had the rights to explore 6.5 million acres in Block B, but pursuant to the COW we have only retained the rights to approximately 500,000 acres following
 
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significant geological assessment.

PT Freeport Indonesia pays a copper royalty under its COW that varies from 1.5 percent of copper net revenue at a copper price of $0.90 or less per pound to 3.5 percent at a copper price of $1.10 or more per pound. The COW royalty rate for gold and silver sales is 1.0 percent.

A large part of the mineral royalties under Government of Indonesia regulations are designated to the provinces from which the minerals are extracted. In connection with our fourth concentrator mill expansion completed in 1998, PT Freeport Indonesia agreed to pay the Government of Indonesia additional royalties (royalties not required by our COW) to provide further support to the local governments and the people of the Indonesia province of Papua. The additional royalties are paid on production exceeding specified annual amounts of copper, gold and silver expected to be generated when PT Freeport Indonesia’s milling facilities operate above 200,000 metric tons of ore per day. The additional royalty for copper equals the COW royalty rate and for gold and silver equals twice the COW royalty rates. Therefore, PT Freeport Indonesia’s royalty rate on copper net revenues from production above the agreed levels is double the COW royalty rate, and royalty rates on gold and silver sales from production above the agreed levels are triple the COW royalty rates. PT Freeport Indonesia’s share of the combined royalties, including the additional royalties which became effective January 1, 1999, totaled $147 million in 2009, $113 million in 2008 and $133 million in 2007.

PT Irja Eastern Minerals (Eastern Minerals), of which we own 100 percent, conducts exploration through a joint venture agreement, under a separate COW in an area covering approximately 450,000 acres in Papua. The Eastern Minerals COW was under suspension during 2009.

Under a joint venture agreement through PT Nabire Bakti Mining (PTNBM), we conduct exploration activities under a separate COW in an area covering approximately 500,000 acres in five parcels contiguous to PT Freeport Indonesia’s Block B and one of Eastern Minerals’ blocks. The PTNBM COW was under suspension for much of 2009, but will resume in 2010.

In 2008, Indonesia enacted a new mining law, which will operate under a licensing system as opposed to the COW system that applies to PT Freeport Indonesia, Eastern Minerals and PTNBM. In 2010, the Government of Indonesia promulgated regulations under the 2008 mining law and certain provisions address existing COWs. The regulations provide that COWs will continue to be honored until their expiration. However, the regulations attempt to apply certain provisions of the new law to any extension periods of COWs even though our COWs provide for two ten-year extension periods under the existing terms of our COWs.
 
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Grasberg Minerals District

Grasberg Minerals District Map

PT Freeport Indonesia operates in the remote highlands of the Sudirman Mountain Range in the province of Papua, Indonesia, which is on the western half of the island of New Guinea. We and our predecessors have conducted exploration and mining operations in Block A since 1967 and have been the only operator of these operations. We currently have two mines in operation: the Grasberg open pit and the Deep Ore Zone (DOZ) underground block cave. We also have significant development projects in the Grasberg minerals district, which are discussed in more detail in “Development Projects and Exploration” below and in Item 7.  “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Conditions and Results of Operations.”

Grasberg Open Pit.  We began open-pit mining of the Grasberg ore body in 1990. Open-pit operations are expected to continue through mid 2016, at which time underground mining operations are scheduled to begin at our Grasberg Block Cave mine, which is currently in development. Production is currently at the 3,295- to 4,285-meter elevation level and totaled 57 million metric tons of ore in 2009 and 49 million metric tons of ore in 2008, which provided 70 percent of our 2009 mill feed and 67 percent of our 2008 mill feed. Remaining mill feed comes from our DOZ mine.

The current Grasberg equipment fleet consists of over 500 units. The larger mining equipment directly associated with production includes an available fleet of 163 haul trucks with payloads ranging from approximately 215 metric tons to 330 metric tons and 18 shovels with bucket sizes ranging from 30 cubic meters to 42 cubic meters, which in 2009 moved an average of 725,000 metric tons per day.

Grasberg crushing and conveying systems are integral to the mine and provide the capacity to transport up to 225,000 metric tons per day of Grasberg ore to the mill and 135,000 metric tons per day of overburden to the overburden stockpiles. The remaining ore and overburden is moved by haul trucks.

Deep Ore Zone. The DOZ ore body lies vertically below the now depleted Intermediate Ore Zone. We began production from the DOZ ore body in 1989 using open stope mining methods, but we suspended production in 1991 in favor of production from the Grasberg deposit. Production resumed in September 2000 using the block-cave method. Production is at the 3,110-meter elevation level and totaled 26 million metric tons of ore in 2009 and 23 million metric tons in 2008. Production at the DOZ mine is expected to continue through 2020 and we plan to ramp up production at our Deep Mill Level Zone (DMLZ) block cave mine, which is currently under development, beginning in 2015.

During 2009, we completed over 11,000 meters of development drifting in support of the block-cave mining method for the DOZ mine. Further expansion of the DOZ operation to 80,000 metric tons of ore per day is substantially complete. The success of the development of the DOZ mine, one of the world’s largest underground
 
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mines, provides confidence in the future development of PT Freeport Indonesia’s large-scale undeveloped underground ore bodies.

The DOZ mine fleet consists of over 185 pieces of mobile heavy equipment, which in 2009 moved an average of 72,000 metric tons of ore per day. The primary mining equipment directly associated with production and development includes an available fleet of 49 load haul dump (LHD) units and 23 haul trucks. Our production LHD units typically carry approximately 11 metric tons of ore. Using ore passes and chutes, the LHD units transfer ore into 55-ton capacity haul trucks. The trucks dump into two gyratory crushers and the ore is then conveyed to the surface stockpiles.

PT Freeport Indonesia’s total production for 2009 was 1.4 billion pounds of copper and 2.6 million ounces of gold.

Our principal source of power for all our Indonesian operations is a coal-fired power plant that we built in conjunction with our fourth concentrator mill expansion. Diesel generators supply peaking and backup electrical power generating capacity. A combination of naturally occurring mountain streams and water derived from our underground operations provides water for our operations. Our Indonesian operations are in an active seismic zone and experience average annual rainfall of approximately 200 inches.

Description of Ore Bodies. Our Indonesia ore bodies are located within and around two main igneous intrusions, the Grasberg monzodiorite and the Ertsberg diorite. The host rocks of these ore bodies include both carbonate and clastic rocks that form the ridge crests and upper flanks of the Sudirman Range, and the igneous rocks of monzonitic to dioritic composition that intrude them. The igneous-hosted ore bodies (the Grasberg open pit and block cave, and portions of the DOZ block cave) occur as vein stockworks and disseminations of copper sulfides, dominated by chalcopyrite and, to a much lesser extent, bornite. The sedimentary-rock hosted ore bodies occur as “magnetite-rich, calcium/magnesian skarn” replacements, whose location and orientation are strongly influenced by major faults and by the chemistry of the carbonate rocks along the margins of the intrusions.

The copper mineralization in these skarn deposits is also dominated by chalcopyrite, but higher bornite concentrations are common. Moreover, gold occurs in significant concentrations in all of the district’s ore bodies, though rarely visible to the naked eye. These gold concentrations usually occur as inclusions within the copper sulfide minerals, though, in some deposits, these concentrations can also be strongly associated with pyrite.

The following diagram indicates the relative elevations (in meters) of our reported ore bodies.
Grasberg Block A Map 1



The following map, which encompasses an area of approximately 42 square kilometers (approximately 16 square miles), indicates the relative positions and sizes of our reported ore bodies and their locations.
Grasberg Block A Map 2

Africa
At Tenke Fungurume, mine properties and facilities are controlled through mining concessions under general mining laws and our mining rights remain in force as long as the concessions are exploitable. The concessions are owned or controlled by operating companies in which we or our subsidiaries have an ownership interest.

Tenke Fungurume
Tenke Map

We own an effective 57.75 percent interest in the Tenke Fungurume minerals district. The remaining ownership interests are held by Lundin Mining Corporation (Lundin) (an effective 24.75 percent interest) and La Générale des Carrières et des Mines (Gécamines), which is wholly owned by the Government of the DRC (17.5 percent non-dilutable interest).
 
21

 
In 2009, we completed the approximate $2 billion initial project at the Tenke Fungurume minerals district. Pursuant to our agreement with Lundin, we were responsible for funding our share (70 percent) of the project development costs and 100 percent of certain cost overruns on the initial project. We and Lundin will be repaid our advances prior to distributions to the stockholders of Tenke Fungurume. Accordingly, we will receive a disproportionate share of cash flow until the cost overrun financing and advances are repaid. Additionally, in accordance with the terms of the agreement, Gécamines will receive asset transfer payments totaling $100 million, $80 million of which have already been paid and the remainder of which will be paid over the next two years.

The Tenke Fungurume deposits are located in the Katanga province of the DRC approximately 110 miles northwest of Lubumbashi. The deposits are accessible by unpaved roads and by rail. The Tenke Fungurume deposits are sediment-hosted copper and cobalt deposits with oxide, mixed oxide-sulfide and sulfide mineralization. The dominant oxide minerals are malachite, pseudomalachite and heterogenite. Important sulfide minerals consist of bornite, carrollite, chalcocite and chalcopyrite.

Copper and cobalt are recovered through an agitation-leach plant capable of processing 8,000 metric tons of ore per day. Copper production commenced in March 2009 and achieved targeted production rates in September 2009. The cobalt and sulphuric acid plants were commissioned in September 2009 and we continue to address start-up and quality issues in the cobalt circuit and expect to reach sustained targeted production rates during 2010. Current operations are designed to produce approximately 250 million pounds of copper and 18 million pounds of cobalt per year. The current equipment fleet includes 10 five-cubic meter front-end loaders, 29 45-metric ton haul trucks, surface miners, production drills, sampling machines and crawler dozers.

We commenced a feasibility study in fourth-quarter 2009 to evaluate a second phase of the project, which would include optimizing the current plant and potentially increasing capacity by approximately 50 percent. The feasibility study is expected to be completed by mid-year 2010. The timing of these expansions will depend on a number of factors, including general economic and market conditions.

Tenke Fungurume is located in a tropical region; however, temperatures are moderated by its higher altitudes. Weather in this region is characterized by a dry season and a wet season, each lasting about six months with average rainfall of 47 inches per year. The highest bench elevation is expected to be 1,480 meters above sea level and the ultimate pit bottom is expected to be 1,270 meters above sea level. The Tenke Fungurume deposits are located within four concessions totaling 394,455 acres.

Tenke Fungurume has entered into long-term power supply and infrastructure funding agreements with La Société Nationale d’Electricité (SNEL), the state-owned electric utility company serving the region. The results of a recent water exploration program, as well as the regional geological and hydro-geological conditions, indicate that adequate water is available for the project, and for hydro-electric generation during the expected life of the operation.

In February 2008, the Ministry of Mines, Government of the DRC, sent a letter seeking comment on proposed material modifications to the mining contracts for the Tenke Fungurume concession. We are continuing to work cooperatively with the DRC government to resolve the ongoing contract review but cannot predict the timing or outcome of the process. The contract review process has not affected our development schedule and we are continuing to operate pursuant to the terms of our contract. We believe the contract is fair and equitable, complies with Congolese law and is enforceable without modification.


PRODUCTION DATA

For comparative purposes, operating data shown below for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, combines our historical data with Phelps Dodge pre-acquisition data. As the pre-acquisition operating data represent the results of these operations under Phelps Dodge management, such combined data is not necessarily indicative of what past results would have been under FCX management or of future operating results.

COPPER
 
Years Ended December 31,
 
(millions of recoverable pounds)
 
2009
   
2008
   
2007a
   
2006a
   
2005a
 
                               
MINED COPPER (FCX’s net interest in %)
                             
North America
                             
Morenci (85%)b
 
428
   
626
   
687
   
693
   
680
 
Bagdad (100%)
 
225
   
227
   
202
   
165
   
201
 
Safford (100%)
 
184
   
133
   
1
   
-
   
-
 
Sierrita (100%)
 
170
   
188
   
150
   
162
   
158
 
Tyrone (100%)
 
86
   
76
   
50
   
64
   
81
 
Chino (100%)
 
36
   
155
   
190
   
186
   
210
 
Miami (100%)
 
16
   
19
   
20
   
19
   
25
 
Other (100%)
 
2
   
6
   
20
   
16
   
10
 
Total North America
 
1,147
   
1,430
   
1,320
c
 
1,305
   
1,365
 
                               
South America
                             
Cerro Verde (53.56%)
 
662
   
694
   
594
   
222
   
206
 
Candelaria/Ojos del Salado (80%)
 
370
   
446
   
453
   
429
   
421
 
El Abra (51%)
 
358
   
366
   
366
   
482
   
464
 
Total South America
 
1,390
   
1,506
   
1,413
c
 
1,133
   
1,091
 
                               
Indonesia
                             
Grasberg (90.64%)d
 
1,412
   
1,094
   
1,151
   
1,201
   
1,456
 
                               
    Africa
                             
        Tenke Fungurume (57.75%)
 
154
   
-
   
-
   
-
   
-
 
Consolidated
 
4,103
   
4,030
   
3,884
   
3,639
   
3,912
 
                               
Less noncontrolling participants’ share
 
754
   
693
   
653
   
537
   
543
 
Net
 
3,349
   
3,337
   
3,231
   
3,102
   
3,369
 
                               
GOLD
                             
(thousands of recoverable ounces)
                             
                               
MINED GOLD (FCX’s net interest in %)
                             
                               
North America (100%)b
 
4
   
14
   
15
   
19
   
17
 
South America (80%)
 
92
   
114
   
116
e
 
112
   
117
 
Indonesia (90.64%)d
 
2,568
   
1,163
   
2,198
   
1,732
   
2,789
 
Consolidated
 
2,664
   
1,291
   
2,329
   
1,863
   
2,923
 
                               
Less noncontrolling participants’ share
 
258
   
132
   
229
   
184
   
284
 
Net
 
2,406
   
1,159
   
2,100
   
1,679
   
2,639
 
                               
MOLYBDENUM
                             
(millions of recoverable pounds)
                             
                               
MINED MOLYBDENUM (FCX’s net interest in %)
                             
                               
Henderson (100%)
 
27
   
40
   
39
f
 
37
   
32
 
By-product – North America (100%)b
 
25
   
30
   
30
   
31
   
30
 
By-product – Cerro Verde (53.56%)
 
2
   
3
   
1
   
-
   
-
 
Consolidated
 
54
   
73
   
70
   
68
   
62
 
                               
Less noncontrolling participants’ share
 
1
   
1
   
-
   
-
   
-
 
Net
 
53
   
72
   
70
   
68
   
62
 
                               
a.  
For comparative purposes, operating data for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, combines our historical data with Phelps Dodge pre-acquisition data. As the pre-acquisition data represent the results of these operations under Phelps Dodge management, such combined data is not necessarily indicative of what past results would have been under FCX management or of future operating results.
b.  
Amounts are net of Morenci’s 15 percent joint venture partner interest.
c.  
Includes North America copper production of 258 million pounds and South America copper production of 259 million pounds for Phelps Dodge’s pre-acquisition results.
d.  
Amounts are net of Grasberg’s joint venture partner’s interest, which varies in accordance with terms of the joint venture agreement.
e.  
Includes gold production of 21 thousand ounces for Phelps Dodge’s pre-acquisition results.
f.  
Includes molybdenum production of 14 million pounds for Phelps Dodge’s pre-acquisition results.


SALES DATA

For comparative purposes, operating data shown below for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, combines our historical data with Phelps Dodge pre-acquisition data. As the pre-acquisition operating data represent the results of these operations under Phelps Dodge management, such combined data is not necessarily indicative of what past results would have been under FCX management or of future operating results.

   
Years Ended December 31,
 
COPPER (millions of recoverable pounds)
 
2009
   
2008
   
2007a
   
2006a
   
2005a
 
                               
MINED COPPER (FCX’s net interest in %)
                             
North America
                             
Morenci (85%)b
 
459
   
646
   
693
   
692
   
680
 
Bagdad (100%)
 
225
   
226
   
200
   
165
   
209
 
Safford (100%)
 
176
   
107
   
-
   
-
   
-
 
Sierrita (100%)
 
172
   
184
   
157
   
161
   
165
 
Tyrone (100%)
 
85
   
71
   
53
   
64
   
81
 
Chino (100%)
 
52
   
174
   
186
   
186
   
209
 
Miami (100%)
 
16
   
20
   
24
   
19
   
29
 
Other (100%)
 
2
   
6
   
19
   
16
   
10
 
Total North America
 
1,187
   
1,434
   
1,332
c
 
1,303
   
1,383
 
                               
South America
                             
Cerro Verde (53.56%)
 
667
   
701
   
587
   
214
   
205
 
Candelaria/Ojos del Salado (80%)
 
366
   
455
   
447
   
425
   
421
 
El Abra (51%)
 
361
   
365
   
365
   
487
   
467
 
Total South America
 
1,394
   
1,521
   
1,399
c
 
1,126
   
1,093
 
                               
Indonesia
                             
Grasberg (90.64%)d
 
1,400
   
1,111
   
1,131
   
1,201
   
1,457
 
                               
    Africa
                             
        Tenke Fungurume (57.75%)
 
130
   
-
   
-
   
-
   
-
 
Consolidated
 
4,111
   
4,066
   
3,862
   
3,630
   
3,933
 
                               
Less minority participants’ share
 
746
   
699
   
647
   
535
   
545
 
Net
 
3,365
   
3,367
   
3,215
   
3,095
   
3,388
 
                               
Consolidated sales from mines
 
4,111
   
4,066
   
3,862
   
3,630
   
3,933
 
Purchased copper
 
166
   
483
   
650
   
736
   
821
 
Total consolidated sales
 
4,277
   
4,549
   
4,512
   
4,366
   
4,754
 
                               
Average realized price per pound
 
$2.60
   
$2.69
   
$3.22
e
 
$2.80
e
 
$1.66
e
                               
GOLD (thousands of recoverable ounces)
                             
                               
MINED GOLD (FCX’s net interest in %)
                             
                               
North America (100%)b
 
6
   
16
   
21
   
19
   
18
 
South America (80%)
 
90
   
116
   
114
f
 
111
   
117
 
Indonesia (90.64%)d
 
2,543
   
1,182
   
2,185
   
1,736
   
2,790
 
Consolidated
 
2,639
   
1,314
   
2,320
   
1,866
   
2,925
 
                               
Less minority participants’ share
 
256
   
134
   
228
   
185
   
285
 
Net
 
2,383
   
1,180
   
2,092
   
1,681
   
2,640
 
                               
Consolidated sales from mines
 
2,639
   
1,314
   
2,320
   
1,866
   
2,925
 
Purchased gold
 
1
   
2
   
6
   
12
   
12
 
Total consolidated sales
 
2,640
   
1,316
   
2,326
   
1,878
   
2,937
 
                               
Average realized price per ounce
 
$993
   
$861
   
$682
   
$566
g
 
$454
 
                               
MOLYBDENUM  (millions of recoverable pounds)
                             
                               
Consolidated sales from mines
 
58
   
71
   
69
h
 
69
   
60
 
                               
Less minority participants’ share
 
1
   
1
   
-
   
-
   
-
 
Net
 
57
   
70
   
69
   
69
   
60
 
                               
Consolidated sales from mines
 
58
   
71
   
69
   
69
   
60
 
Purchased molybdenum
 
6
   
8
   
9
   
8
   
13
 
Total consolidated sales
 
64
   
79
   
78
   
77
   
73
 
                               
Average realized price per pound
 
$12.36
   
$30.55
   
$25.87
   
$21.87
   
$25.89
 

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a.  
For comparative purposes, operating data for the years ended December 31, 2007, 2006 and 2005, combines our historical data with Phelps Dodge pre-acquisition data. As the pre-acquisition data represent the results of these operations under Phelps Dodge management, such combined data is not necessarily indicative of what past results would have been under FCX management or of future operating results.
b.  
Amounts are net of Morenci’s joint venture partner’s 15 percent interest.
c.  
Includes North America copper sales of 283 million pounds and South America copper sales of 222 million pounds for Phelps Dodge’s pre-acquisition results.
d.  
Amounts are net of Grasberg’s joint venture partner’s interest, which varies in accordance with terms of the joint venture agreement.
e.  
Before charges for hedging losses related to copper price protection programs, amounts were $3.27 per pound for 2007, $3.08 per pound for 2006 and $1.76 per pound for 2005.
f.  
Includes gold sales of 18 thousand ounces for Phelps Dodge’s pre-acquisition results.
g.  
Amount was approximately $606 per ounce before a loss on redemption of our Gold-Denominated Preferred Stock, Series II.
h.  
Includes molybdenum sales of 17 million pounds for Phelps Dodge’s pre-acquisition results.
 
DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS AND EXPLORATION
 
We have several projects and potential opportunities to expand our production volumes, extend our mine lives and develop large-scale underground ore bodies. During fourth-quarter 2008, we deferred several project development activities because of the downturn in global economic conditions. Major development projects for 2009 consisted of underground development in the Grasberg minerals district and the Tenke Fungurume project, for which construction activities on the initial project are complete. During fourth-quarter 2009, we announced that we are resuming certain project development activities that were deferred. For further discussion of our development projects and exploration activities, refer to Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

As discussed in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations,” we have several projects in progress in the Grasberg mineral district, including development of the Common Infrastructure project, Grasberg Block Cave, the Big Gossan underground mine, a further expansion of the DOZ underground mine (which is substantially complete) and development of the Deep Mill Level Zone ore body. We also have an additional long-term underground mine development project in the Grasberg minerals district for the Kucing Liar ore body, which is discussed below and is based on our latest mine plans and proven and probable reserves as of December 31, 2009.

The Kucing Liar ore body lies on the southern flank of and underneath the southern portion of the Grasberg open pit at the 2,605-meter elevation level. We expect to mine the Kucing Liar ore body using the block-cave method. A pre-feasibility study for the development of the Kucing Liar ore body was completed during 2009 and indicated aggregate capital costs of approximately $2.5 billion.

Based on current estimates, we expect aggregate expenditures for underground mine development in the Grasberg minerals district to average approximately $450 million annually during the next 15 years. These costs will be shared with Rio Tinto in accordance with our joint venture agreement. Considering the long-term nature and large size of these projects, actual costs could differ materially from these estimates.

In addition to the mine development costs above, our current mine development plans include approximately $3 billion of capital expenditures at our processing facilities to optimize the handling of underground ore types once Grasberg open-pit operations cease. Substantially all of these expenditures will be made between 2017 and 2029. We continue to review our mine development and processing plans to maximize the value of our reserves.

SMELTING FACILITIES

Atlantic Copper, S.A.  Atlantic Copper is our wholly owned copper smelter and refinery located in Huelva, Spain. Atlantic Copper completed the last expansion of its production capacity in 1997. The design capacity of the smelter is 290,000 metric tons of copper per year and the refinery currently has a capacity of 260,000 metric tons of copper per year. We have no present plans to expand Atlantic Copper’s production capacity. Atlantic Copper’s facilities are located on land concessions from the Huelva, Spain port authorities and expire in 2027.

During 2009, Atlantic Copper treated 1,000,700 metric tons of concentrate and scrap and produced 269,000 metric tons of copper anodes and 256,600 metric tons of copper cathodes. During 2008, Atlantic Copper treated 1,028,100 metric tons of concentrate and scrap and produced 259,900 metric tons of copper anodes and 257,100 metric tons of copper cathodes. In June 2007, Atlantic Copper completed a scheduled 23-day maintenance turnaround. Major maintenance turnarounds typically occur approximately every 12 years for Atlantic Copper, with significantly shorter term maintenance turnarounds occurring in the interim. The next scheduled maintenance
 
25

 
activity at Atlantic Copper is in 2011.

During 2009, Atlantic Copper purchased approximately 35 percent of its concentrate requirements from PT Freeport Indonesia and approximately 25 percent from our South America copper mines at market prices. Atlantic Copper has experienced no significant operating problems.

We made no capital contributions to Atlantic Copper from 2005 through 2009. We loan funds to Atlantic Copper from time to time, and at December 31, 2009, these loans totaled $381 million. Our net investment in Atlantic Copper at December 31, 2009, was approximately $70 million.

PT Smelting.  PT Freeport Indonesia’s 1991 COW required us to construct or cause to be constructed a smelter in Indonesia if we and the Indonesian government determined that such a project would be economically viable. In 1995, following the completion of a feasibility study, we entered into agreements relating to the formation of PT Smelting, an Indonesian company, and the construction of the copper smelter and refinery in Gresik, Indonesia. PT Freeport Indonesia, Mitsubishi Materials Corporation (Mitsubishi Materials), Mitsubishi Corporation (Mitsubishi) and Nippon Mining & Metals Co., Ltd. (Nippon) own 25 percent, 60.5 percent, 9.5 percent, and 5 percent, respectively, of the outstanding PT Smelting common stock. PT Smelting owns and operates the smelter and refinery in Gresik, Indonesia.

During 2006, PT Smelting completed an expansion of its production capacity to 275,000 metric tons of copper per year from 250,000 metric tons. PT Freeport Indonesia’s contract with PT Smelting provides for the supply of 100 percent of the copper concentrate requirements necessary for PT Smelting to produce 205,000 metric tons of copper annually (essentially the smelter’s original design capacity) on a priority basis. For the first 15 years of PT Smelting’s commercial operations, beginning December 1998, PT Freeport Indonesia agreed that the combined treatment and refining charges (fees paid to smelters by miners) would approximate market rates, but will not fall below specified minimum rates. The minimum rate, applicable to the period April 27, 2008 to April 27, 2014, is to be determined annually and to be sufficient to cover PT Smelting’s annual cash operating costs (net of credits and including costs of debt service) for 205,000 metric tons of copper. The maximum rate is $0.30 per pound. The agreement is an amendment to the long-term contract, which was approved by the Department of Energy and Mineral Resources of the Government of Indonesia in 2009. PT Freeport Indonesia also sells copper concentrate to PT Smelting at market rates, which are not subject to a minimum or maximum rate, for quantities in excess of 205,000 metric tons of copper annually.

During 2009, PT Smelting treated 1,073,900 metric tons of concentrate and produced 310,200 metric tons of copper anodes and 286,000 metric tons of copper cathodes. During 2008, PT Smelting treated 978,100 metric tons of concentrate and produced 261,300 metric tons of copper anodes and 253,400 metric tons of copper cathodes. Higher volumes of anodes in 2009, compared to 2008, primarily reflect a 25-day maintenance turnaround in the second quarter of 2008. Major maintenance turnarounds typically occur approximately every four years for PT Smelting, with significantly shorter term maintenance turnarounds in the interim.

Miami Smelter.  We own and operate a smelter at our Miami, Arizona mining operation. The smelter processes concentrate primarily from our Arizona mines. The smelter has been in production for over 80 years and has been upgraded during that period to implement new technologies, to improve production and to comply with current air quality standards. Concentrate processed through the smelter totaled approximately 619,000 metric tons in 2009 and 719,000 metric tons in 2008. The Miami smelter completed a 40-day major maintenance turnaround in February 2009. Major maintenance turnarounds typically occur approximately every 20 months for Miami, with significantly shorter term maintenance turnarounds in the interim. Sulphuric acid is a by-product of smelting concentrates, and the Miami smelter is the most significant source of sulphuric acid for our U.S. leaching operations.

OTHER PROPERTIES

Rod & Refining Operations.  Our Rod & Refining operations consist of conversion facilities located in North America including a refinery in El Paso, Texas; rod mills in El Paso, Texas, Norwich, Connecticut and Miami, Arizona; and a specialty copper products facility in Bayway, New Jersey. We refine our copper anode production from our smelter in Miami, Arizona, along with purchased anodes, at our El Paso refinery. The El Paso refinery has an annual production capacity of about 900 million pounds of copper cathode, which is sufficient to refine all the copper anode we produce at Miami. Our El Paso refinery also produces nickel carbonate, copper telluride, and autoclaved slimes material containing gold, silver, platinum and palladium.

26

 
Molybdenum Conversion Facilities.  We process molybdenum concentrates at our conversion plants in the U.S. and Europe into such products as technical-grade molybdic oxide, ferromolybdenum, pure molybdic oxide, ammonium molybdates, molybdenum disulfide and molybdenum metal powder. We operate molybdenum roasters in Sierrita, Arizona; Fort Madison, Iowa; and Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
 
The conversion facility located at our Sierrita mine consists of two molybdenum roasters that process molybdenum concentrates produced at our mines and on a toll basis for third parties. The facility produces molybdenum oxide and related products.
 
The Fort Madison, Iowa, facility consists of two molybdenum roasters, a sulphuric acid plant, a metallurgical (technical oxide) packaging facility, and a chemical conversion plant, which includes a wet-chemicals plant, sublimation equipment and molybdenum disulfide processing and packaging. In the chemical plant, molybdic oxide is further refined into various high-purity molybdenum chemicals for a wide range of uses by chemical and catalyst manufacturers. In addition to metallurgical oxide products, the Fort Madison facility produces ammonium dimolybdate, pure molybdic oxide, ammonium heptamolybdate, ammonium octamolybdate, sodium molybdate, sublimed pure molybdic oxide and molybdenum disulfide.
 
The Rotterdam conversion facility consists of a molybdenum roaster, sulphuric acid plant, metallurgical packaging facility and chemical conversion plant. The plant produces metallurgical products primarily for third parties. Ammonium dimolybdate and pure molybdic oxide are produced in the wet-chemicals plant.
 
We also produce ferromolybdenum for worldwide customers at our conversion plant located in Stowmarket, United Kingdom. The plant is operated both as an internal and external customer tolling facility.

SOURCES AND AVAILABILITY OF RAW MATERIALS

Energy (including electricity, diesel fuel, coal and natural gas), sulphuric acid and water are the principal raw materials used in our operations. Most of our energy is obtained from third parties under long-term contracts. For additional information, refer to Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

Sulphuric acid is used in the SX/EW process and is produced as a by-product of the smelting process at our smelters. Sulphuric acid needs in excess of the sulphuric acid produced by our operations are purchased from third parties as needed.

Our mining operations require significant quantities of water for mining, ore processing and related support facilities. Although we believe our mining operations have sufficient water rights, the loss of water rights for any of our mines, in whole or in part, or shortages of water to which we have rights, could require us to curtail or shut down mining operations. For a further discussion of risks and legal proceedings associated with the availability of water, see Item 1A. – “Risk Factors” and Item 3. – “Legal Proceedings.”

COMPETITION
 
We are one of the world’s largest copper, gold and molybdenum mining companies in terms of reserves and production. With respect to copper, which generated approximately 75 percent of our mining revenues in 2009, the top 10 producers comprise approximately 55 percent of total worldwide mined copper production. We currently rank second among those producers at approximately 10 percent of total worldwide estimated mined copper production. Our competitive position is based on the quality and grade of our ore bodies and our ability to manage costs compared with other producers. We have a diverse portfolio of mining operations with varying ore grades and cost structures. Our costs are driven by the location, grade and nature of our ore bodies and the input costs, including energy, labor and equipment. The metals markets are cyclical and our ability to maintain our competitive position over the long term is based on our ability to acquire and develop quality deposits, hire and retain a skilled workforce and to manage our costs.

27

 
LABOR MATTERS

At December 31, 2009, we employed approximately 28,400 people (approximately 11,900 in Indonesia, 8,400 in North America, 4,400 in South America, 2,900 in Africa and 800 in Europe and other locations). Additionally, we have contractors that have personnel at many of our operations, including approximately 8,600 at our Grasberg minerals district, 4,900 at our South America operations, 2,100 at Tenke Fungurume, 600 in North America and 400 at Atlantic Copper. Employees represented by unions are listed below, with the approximate number of employees represented and the expiration date of the applicable union agreements.

    Number of  
   
Union-
 
 
Number of
Represented
 
Location
Unions
Employees
Expiration Date
PT Freeport Indonesia – Indonesia
1
6,794
September 2011
Tenke Fungurume – DRC
2
2,927
May 2010
Cerro Verde – Peru
1
1,023
August 2011
El Abra – Chile
2
794
July 2012
Candelaria – Chile
2
603
July 2013
Atlantic Copper – Spain
2
402
December 2011
Bayway – New Jersey
1
50
April 2010
Stowmarket – United Kingdom
1
40
May 2011
Aurex – Chile
1
33
December 2013
Rotterdam – The Netherlands
2
22
March 2011
Chino – New Mexico
1
14
November 2009a

a.
Negotiations are in progress while employees continue to work under the provisions of the expired contract.

FM Services Company (FM Services), a wholly owned subsidiary of FCX, furnishes certain executive, administrative, financial, accounting, legal, tax and similar services to us. As of December 31, 2009, FM Services had 167 employees. FM Services employees also provide these services to two other publicly traded companies.

ENVIRONMENTAL AND RECLAMATION MATTERS

The costs of complying with environmental laws is a fundamental and substantial cost of our business. For information about environmental regulation, litigation and related costs, see Item 1A. – “Risk Factors;” Item 3. “Legal Proceedings;” Note 1 and Note 14.

COMMUNITY AND HUMAN RIGHTS

We have adopted policies that govern our working relationships with the communities where we operate that are designed to guide our practices and programs in a manner that respects basic human rights and the culture of the local people impacted by our operations. We continue to make significant expenditures on community development, education, training and cultural programs, which include:

· comprehensive job training programs
· basic education programs
· public health programs, including malaria control                                                                                                
· agricultural assistance programs
· small and medium enterprise development programs
· cultural preservation programs
·     water and sewage treatment projects
·     clean water access
· charitable donations

28


In December 2000, we endorsed the joint U.S. State Department-British Foreign Office Voluntary Principles on Human Rights and Security (“Voluntary Principles”). Several major natural resources companies and international human rights organizations participated in developing the Voluntary Principles and have endorsed them. We participated in developing these principles and they are incorporated into our human rights policy.

We believe that our social and economic development programs are responsive to the issues raised by the local communities near our areas of operation and should help us maintain good relations with the surrounding communities and avoid disruptions of mining operations. Nevertheless, social and political instability in the areas of our operations may adversely impact our mining operations. See Item 1A. – “Risk Factors.”

South America.  Cerro Verde has provided a variety of community support projects over the years. During 2006, as a result of discussions with local mayors in the Arequipa region, Cerro Verde agreed to contribute to the design and construction of domestic water and sewage treatment plants for the benefit of the region. These facilities are being designed in a modular fashion so that initial installations can be readily expanded in the future. We have funded approximately 150 million Peruvian nuevo soles (approximately $49 million) as of December 31, 2009, to a designated bank account to be used for financing Cerro Verde’s share of the construction costs of these facilities.

During 2006, the Peruvian government announced that all mining companies operating in Peru will make annual contributions to local development funds for a five-year period when copper prices exceed certain levels that are adjusted annually. The contribution is equal to 3.75 percent of after-tax profits, of which 2.75 percent is contributed to a local mining fund and 1.00 percent to a regional mining fund. Cerro Verde’s contributions totaled $28 million in both 2009 and 2008 and $49 million in 2007.

Indonesia.  In 1996, PT Freeport Indonesia established the Freeport Partnership Fund for Community Development (formerly the Freeport Fund for Irian Jaya Development), through which PT Freeport Indonesia has made available funding and technical assistance to support the economic, health, education and social development of the area. PT Freeport Indonesia has committed through 2011 to provide one percent of its annual revenue for the development of the local people in its area of operation through the Partnership Fund. Our share of contributions to the Partnership Fund totaled $59 million in 2009, $34 million in 2008 and $48 million in 2007. Our joint venture partner, Rio Tinto, also contributes to this fund and, including their share, the contributions totaled $69 million in 2009, $35 million in 2008 and $53 million in 2007.

The Amungme and Kamoro Community Development Organization (Lembaga Pembangunan Masyarakat Amungme dan Kamoro or LPMAK) oversees disbursement of the program funds we contribute to the Partnership Fund. LPMAK is governed by a board of commissioners and a board of directors, which are comprised of representatives from the local Amungme and Kamoro tribal communities, government leaders, church leaders, and one representative of PT Freeport Indonesia on each board. The Amungme and Kamoro people are original inhabitants of the land in our area of operations.

Security Matters in Indonesia. Consistent with our COW in Indonesia and the requirement to protect our employees and property, we have taken appropriate steps to provide a safe and secure working environment. As part of its security program, PT Freeport Indonesia maintains its own internal security department, which performs functions such as protecting company facilities, monitoring the shipment of company goods through the airport and terminal, assisting in traffic control and aiding rescue operations. PT Freeport Indonesia’s civilian security employees (numbering approximately 725) are unarmed and perform duties consistent with their internal security role. PT Freeport Indonesia’s share of costs for its internal civilian security department totaled approximately $18 million for 2009, $22 million for 2008 and $17 million for 2007. The security department has received human rights training and each member is required to certify his or her compliance with our human rights policy.

PT Freeport Indonesia, and all businesses and residents of Indonesia, rely on the Government of Indonesia for the maintenance of public order, upholding the rule of law and the protection of personnel and property. The Grasberg minerals district has been designated by the Government of Indonesia as one of Indonesia’s vital national assets. This designation results in the police and to a lesser extent, the military, playing a significant role in protecting the area of our operations. The Government of Indonesia is responsible for employing police and military personnel and directing their operations.

From the outset of PT Freeport Indonesia’s operations, the government has looked to PT Freeport Indonesia to provide logistical and infrastructure support and assistance for these necessary services because of the limited
 
29

 
resources of the Indonesian government and the remote location of and lack of development in Papua. PT Freeport Indonesia’s financial support for the Indonesian government security institutions assigned to the operations area represents a prudent response to its requirements to protect its workforce and property, better ensuring that personnel are properly fed and lodged, and have the logistical resources to patrol PT Freeport Indonesia’s roads and secure its operating area. In addition, the provision of such support is consistent with PT Freeport Indonesia’s obligations under the COW, reflects our philosophy of responsible corporate citizenship, and is in keeping with our commitment to pursue practices that will promote human rights.

PT Freeport Indonesia’s share of support costs for the government-provided security, currently involving approximately 3,000 Indonesian government security personnel located in the general area of our operations, was $10 million for 2009, $8 million for 2008 and $9 million for 2007. This supplemental support consists of various infrastructure and other costs, such as food, housing, fuel, travel, vehicle repairs, allowances to cover incidental and administrative costs, and community assistance programs conducted by the military and police. PT Freeport Indonesia’s capital costs for associated infrastructure was approximately $2 million in 2009 and less than $1 million a year in 2008 and 2007.

Since July 2009, there have been a series of shooting incidents along the road leading to our mining and milling operations at the Grasberg mining complex, including an incident in January 2010. In connection with these incidents, there have been three fatalities (including a PT Freeport Indonesia employee, a security contractor and an Indonesian policeman) and several injuries. The Indonesian government has responded with additional security forces and expressed a strong commitment to protect the safety of the community and our operations. The investigation of these matters is continuing, and we have taken precautionary measures, including limiting use of the road to secured convoys. Our mining and milling activities have continued uninterrupted; however, prolonged limitations on access to the road could adversely affect operations at the mine. See Item 1A. – “Risk Factors.”

As originally reported in January 2006, we received and responded to requests from U.S. governmental authorities related to PT Freeport Indonesia’s support of Indonesian security institutions. In May 2009, we were notified by the SEC that the U.S. government’s investigation had been completed and no action has been recommended.

Africa.  Tenke Fungurume has committed to assist the communities living within its concession in the Katanga province of the DRC. Initiatives that have commenced over the past three years include a malaria control program, construction and operational support for six elementary schools, installation of over 40 clean water wells throughout the concession as well as five villages outside the concession, a public sanitation (latrines and hand washing) program reaching over 2,000 households, a mobile clinic for rural villages, and economic development programs supporting local entrepreneurs, farmers and women’s income generation, and literacy groups. We have also made significant investments in infrastructure in the region that will have lasting benefits to the country, including upgrading a national road and the regional power generation and transmission systems. Additionally, we have committed to contribute 0.3 percent of net sales revenue from production to a community development fund to assist the local communities with development of local infrastructure and related services, such as those pertaining to health, education and economic development. This fund will be a platform to work jointly with the local government and community to further assist them to fulfill their local development plans, meet basic community needs and promote good governance. Community development fund contributions for 2009 totaled approximately $1 million.

Similar to our operations in Indonesia, Tenke Fungurume is required to engage government security institutions to assist with security matters at its concession area. In this regard, Tenke Fungurume provides food, housing, monetary allowances and logistical support as well as direct payments to the government for the provision of the security assigned to the concession area. The total cost to Tenke Fungurume for this support, including in-kind support, totaled less than $1 million in 2009.

30

 
ORE RESERVES

Recoverable proven and probable reserves summarized below and detailed on the following pages have been calculated as of December 31, 2009, in accordance with Industry Guide 7 as required by the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Proven and probable reserves may not be comparable to similar information regarding mineral reserves disclosed in accordance with the guidance of other countries. Proven and probable reserves were determined by the use of mapping, drilling, sampling, assaying and evaluation methods generally applied in the mining industry, as more fully discussed below. The term “reserve,” as used in the reserve data presented here, means that part of a mineral deposit that can be economically and legally extracted or produced at the time of the reserve determination. The term “proven reserves” means reserves for which (1) quantity is computed from dimensions revealed in outcrops, trenches, workings or drill holes; (2) grade and/or quality are computed from the results of detailed sampling; and (3) the sites for inspection, sampling and measurements are spaced so closely and the geologic character is sufficiently defined that size, shape, depth and mineral content of reserves are well established. The term “probable reserves” means reserves for which quantity and grade are computed from information similar to that used for proven reserves but the sites for sampling are farther apart or are otherwise less adequately spaced. The degree of assurance, although lower than that for proven reserves, is high enough to assume continuity between points of observation.

Our reserve estimates are based on the latest available geological and geotechnical studies. We conduct ongoing studies of our ore bodies to optimize economic values and to manage risk. We revise our mine plans and estimates of recoverable proven and probable mineral reserves as required in accordance with the latest available studies. Our estimates of recoverable proven and probable reserves are prepared by and are the responsibility of our employees, and a majority of these estimates are reviewed and verified by independent experts in mining, geology and reserve determination. Estimated recoverable proven and probable reserves at December 31, 2009, were determined using long-term average prices of $1.60 per pound for copper, $550 per ounce for gold, $8.00 per pound for molybdenum, $12.00 per ounce for silver and $10.00 per pound for cobalt. The London spot metal prices for the past three years averaged $2.91 per pound for copper and $847 per ounce for gold, and molybdenum prices for the past three years averaged approximately $23 per pound.

   
Recoverable Proven and Probable Reservesa at December 31, 2009
 
   
Copper
 
Gold
 
Molybdenum
 
Silver
 
Cobalt
 
   
(billion pounds)
 
(million ounces)
 
(million pounds)
 
(million ounces)
 
(billion pounds)
 
North America
 
 27.7
 
  0.2
 
2,072
 
  56.5
 
-
 
South America
 
 34.0
 
  1.5
 
   519
 
  88.3
 
-
 
Indonesia
 
 34.1
 
35.5
 
-
 
125.6
 
-
 
Africa
 
   8.4
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
0.78
 
Consolidated basisb
 
104.2
 
37.2
 
2,591
 
270.4
 
0.78
 
                       
Net equity interestc
 
 83.0
 
33.6
 
2,350
 
224.1
 
0.45
 
 
a.  
Recoverable proven and probable reserves are estimated metal quantities from which we expect to be paid after application of estimated metallurgical recovery rates and smelter recovery rates, where applicable. Recoverable reserves are that part of a mineral deposit that we estimate can be economically and legally extracted or produced at the time of the reserve determination. Recoverable copper reserves in this table include 2.7 billion pounds in leach stockpiles and 1.3 billion pounds in mill stockpiles, including our joint venture partner’s interest in the Morenci mine.
 
b.  
Consolidated basis reserves represent estimated metal quantities after reduction for joint venture partner interests at the Morenci mine in North America and at the Grasberg minerals district in Indonesia.
 
c.  
Net equity interest reserves represent estimated consolidated basis metal quantities further reduced for noncontrolling interest ownership.


Recoverable Proven and Probable Reserves
Estimated at December 31, 2009
             
       
Proven Reserves
 
Probable Reserves
           
Average Ore Grade
     
Average Ore Grade
   
Processing
 
Million
 
Copper
 
Gold
 
Moly
 
Silver
 
Cobalt
 
Million
 
Copper
 
Gold
 
Moly
 
Silver
 
Cobalt
   
Method
 
metric tons
 
%
 
g/t
 
%
 
g/t
 
%
 
metric tons
 
%
 
g/t
 
%
 
g/t
 
%
North America
                                                   
Morenci
 
Mill
 
177
 
0.55
 
-
 
0.025
 
-
 
-
 
1
 
0.77
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
   
Crushed leach
 
358
 
0.62
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
7
 
0.62
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
   
ROM leach
 
2,554
 
0.20
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
69
 
0.24
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Sierrita
 
Mill
 
1,310
 
0.26
 
-
b
0.029
 
1.51
 
-
 
131
 
0.23
 
-
b
0.023
 
1.34
 
-
   
ROM leach
 
4
 
0.18
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
1
 
0.13
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Bagdad
 
Mill
 
660
 
0.37
 
-
b
0.022
 
1.84
 
-
 
99
 
0.30
 
-
b
0.018
 
1.49
 
-
   
ROM leach
 
95
 
0.17
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
110
 
0.15
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Safford
 
Crushed leach
 
147
 
0.45
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
96
 
0.43
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Tyrone
 
ROM leach
 
138
 
0.32
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
42
 
0.24
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Henderson
 
Mill
 
134
 
-
 
-
 
0.180
 
-
 
-
 
4
 
-
 
-
 
0.190
 
-
 
-
Chino
 
Mill
 
54
 
0.66
 
0.03
 
0.013
 
0.49
 
-
 
6
 
0.55
 
0.03
 
0.014
 
0.42
 
-
   
ROM leach
 
68
 
0.41
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
14
 
0.30
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Miami
 
ROM leach
 
74
 
0.44
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
17
 
0.35
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Climaxa
 
Mill
 
76
 
-
 
-
 
0.189
 
-
 
-
 
114
 
-
 
-
 
0.137
 
-
 
-
Cobrea
 
ROM leach
 
71
 
0.40
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
2
 
0.23
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
       
5,920
 
0.28
 
-
b
0.016
 
0.54
     
713
 
0.23
 
-
b
0.030
 
0.46
 
-
                                                     
South America
                                                   
Cerro Verde
 
Mill
 
746
 
0.45
 
-
 
0.017
 
1.28
 
-
 
2,063
 
0.39
 
-
 
0.015
 
1.12
 
-
   
Crushed leach
 
89
 
0.57
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
73
 
0.48
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
   
ROM leach
 
32
 
0.26
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
50
 
0.23
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
El Abra
 
Crushed leach
 
440
 
0.55
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
112
 
0.50
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
   
ROM leach
 
284
 
0.32
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
140
 
0.30
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Candelaria
 
Mill
 
382
 
0.54
 
0.12
 
-
 
2.04
 
-
 
29
 
0.59
 
0.13
 
-
 
2.22
 
-
Ojos del Salado
 
Mill
 
6
 
1.13
 
0.26
 
-
 
3.18
 
-
 
3
 
1.08
 
0.25
 
-
 
3.02
 
-
       
1,979
 
0.47
 
0.02
 
0.006
 
0.89
 
-
 
2,470
 
0.39
 
-
b
0.012
 
0.96
 
-
                                                     
Indonesia
                                                   
Grasberg open pit
 
Mill
 
198
 
0.96
 
1.15
 
-
 
2.39
 
-
 
134
 
0.81
 
0.86
 
-
 
2.04
 
-
Deep Ore Zone
 
Mill
 
85
 
0.65
 
0.64
 
-
 
3.24
 
-
 
169
 
0.57
 
0.68
 
-
 
2.58
 
-
Grasberg block cavea
 
Mill
 
308
 
1.23
 
1.15
 
-
 
3.49
 
-
 
698
 
0.94
 
0.66
 
-
 
3.19
 
-
Kucing Liara
 
Mill
 
156
 
1.32
 
1.15
 
-
 
7.51
 
-
 
285
 
1.20
 
1.06
 
-
 
6.57
 
-
Deep Mill Level Zonea
 
Mill
 
59
 
1.00
 
0.78
 
-
 
4.94
 
-
 
442
 
0.87
 
0.74
 
-
 
4.38
 
-
Big Gossana
 
Mill
 
10
 
2.49
 
1.26
 
-
 
17.04
 
-
 
46
 
2.20
 
1.04
 
-
 
13.66
 
-
       
816
 
1.12
 
1.07
 
-
 
4.24
 
-
 
1,774
 
0.95
 
0.77
 
-
 
4.16
 
-
                                                     
Africa
                                                   
Tenke Fungurume
 
Agitation leach
 
50
 
3.37
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
0.399
 
85
 
2.99
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
0.289
                                                     
Total
     
8,765
 
0.42
 
0.11
 
0.012
 
0.96
 
0.002
 
5,042
 
0.61
 
0.27
 
0.010
 
2.00
 
0.005
 
a. Undeveloped reserves requiring significant capital investment to bring into production.
b. Grade not shown because of rounding.
 
 
The reserve table above and the tables on pages 33 to 35 and 40 utilize the following abbreviations:
 
·  
g/t – grams per metric ton
 
·  
Moly – Molybdenum
 
·  
ROM – Run of Mine
 
32

 
 
<
 
 
 
Recoverable Proven and Probable Reserves
Estimated at December 31, 2009
(continued)
           
Average Ore Grade
 
Recoveriesa
       
Proven and
                                       
       
Probable
                                       
   
Processing
 
Million
 
Copper
 
Gold
 
Moly
 
Silver
 
Cobalt
 
Copper
 
Gold
 
Moly
 
Silver
 
Cobalt
   
Method
 
metric tons
 
%
 
g/t
 
%
 
g/t
 
%
 
%
 
%
 
%
 
%
 
%
North America
                                               
Morenci
 
Mill
 
178
 
0.55
 
-
 
0.025
 
-
 
-
 
79.3
 
-
 
27.8
 
-
 
-
   
Crushed leach
 
365
 
0.62
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
77.9
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
   
ROM leach
 
2,623
 
0.21
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
43.6
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Sierrita
 
Mill
 
1,441
 
0.25
 
-
b
0.028
 
1.50
 
-
 
81.9
 
59.1
 
80.5
 
49.3
 
-
   
ROM leach
 
5
 
0.17
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
55.6
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Bagdad
 
Mill
 
759
 
0.36
 
-
b
0.021
 
1.79
 
-
 
84.5
 
59.1
 
72.1
 
49.3
 
-
   
ROM leach
 
205
 
0.16
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
28.9
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Safford
 
Crushed leach
 
243
 
0.44
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
69.3
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-
Tyrone
 
ROM leach
 
180
 
0.30
 
-
 
-
 
-
 
-