KMT 3.31.2014 10Q
Table of Contents


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE
SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED MARCH 31, 2014
Commission file number 1-5318
KENNAMETAL INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
       Pennsylvania
  
25-0900168
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
  
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
                                     World Headquarters
                                     1600 Technology Way
                                     P.O. Box 231
                                     Latrobe, Pennsylvania
  
15650-0231
(Address of principal executive offices)
  
(Zip Code)                    
Website: www.kennametal.com
Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (724) 539-5000
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
YES [X] NO [  ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). YES [X ] NO [  ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
Large accelerated filer [X]
  
Accelerated filer [  ]
Non-accelerated filer [  ] (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company [  ]
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES [  ] NO [X]
Indicate the number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer’s classes of capital stock, as of the latest practicable date.
 
Title of Each Class
 
Outstanding at April 30, 2014
Capital Stock, par value $1.25 per share        
 
78,564,524
 


Table of Contents


KENNAMETAL INC.
FORM 10-Q
FOR THE THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2014
TABLE OF CONTENTS
 
Item No.
Page No.
 
 
 
 
 
 
1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.
 
 
 
3.
 
 
 
4.
 
 
 
 
 
 
2.
 
 
 
6.
 
 

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FORWARD-LOOKING INFORMATION
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q contains “forward-looking” statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. Forward-looking statements are statements that do not relate strictly to historical or current facts. You can identify forward-looking statements by the fact they use words such as “should,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “approximate,” “expect,” “may,” “will,” “project,” “intend,” “plan,” “believe” and other words of similar meaning and expression in connection with any discussion of future operating or financial performance or events. We have also included forward looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q concerning, among other things, our strategy, goals, plans and projections regarding our financial position, liquidity and capital resources, results of operations, market position, and product development. These statements are based on current estimates that involve inherent risks and uncertainties. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should the assumptions underlying the forward-looking statements prove incorrect, our actual results could vary materially from our current expectations. There are a number of factors that could cause our actual results to differ from those indicated in the forward-looking statements. They include: economic recession; availability and cost of the raw materials we use to manufacture our products; our foreign operations and international markets, such as currency exchange rates, different regulatory environments, trade barriers, exchange controls, and social and political instability; changes in the regulatory environment in which we operate, including environmental, health and safety regulations; our ability to protect and defend our intellectual property; competition; our ability to retain our management and employees; demands on management resources; potential claims relating to our products; integrating acquisitions and achieving the expected savings and synergies; business divestitures; global or regional catastrophic events; energy costs; commodity prices; labor relations; demand for and market acceptance of new and existing products; and implementation of environmental remediation matters. We provide additional information about many of the specific risks we face in the “Risk Factors” Section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K. We can give no assurance that any goal or plan set forth in forward-looking statements can be achieved and readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such statements, which speak only as of the date made. We undertake no obligation to release publicly any revisions to forward-looking statements as a result of future events or developments.



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PART I – FINANCIAL INFORMATION

ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

KENNAMETAL INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (UNAUDITED)

 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
 March 31,
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

Sales
$
755,242

 
$
655,360

 
$
2,064,986

 
$
1,917,963

Cost of goods sold
516,287

 
446,865

 
1,420,823

 
1,301,673

Gross profit
238,955

 
208,495

 
644,163

 
616,290

Operating expense
152,298

 
128,328

 
434,983

 
394,967

Restructuring charges (Note 8)
2,703

 

 
5,013

 

Amortization of intangibles
7,124

 
5,194

 
18,791

 
15,501

Operating income
76,830

 
74,973

 
185,376

 
205,822

Interest expense
8,883

 
7,504

 
24,001

 
20,430

Other (income) expense, net
(561
)
 
749

 
906

 
502

Income before income taxes
68,508

 
66,720

 
160,469

 
184,890

Provision for income taxes
16,514

 
12,344

 
45,750

 
40,158

Net income
51,994

 
54,376

 
114,719

 
144,732

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests
1,129

 
460

 
1,808

 
2,285

Net income attributable to Kennametal
$
50,865

 
$
53,916

 
$
112,911

 
$
142,447

PER SHARE DATA ATTRIBUTABLE TO KENNAMETAL SHAREOWNERS
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
0.65

 
$
0.68

 
$
1.44

 
$
1.79

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.64

 
$
0.67

 
$
1.42

 
$
1.76

Dividends per share
$
0.18

 
$
0.16

 
$
0.54

 
$
0.48

Basic weighted average shares outstanding
78,718

 
79,294

 
78,631

 
79,744

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding
79,744

 
80,619

 
79,622

 
80,912

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


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KENNAMETAL INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)

 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
 March 31,
(in thousands)
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

Net income
$
51,994

 
$
54,376

 
$
114,719

 
$
144,732

Unrealized (loss) gain on derivatives designated and qualified as cash flow hedges, net of income tax benefit (expense) of $0.0 million, ($0.1) million, $0.5 million and $0.3 million, respectively
(8
)
 
212

 
(851
)
 
(461
)
Reclassification of unrealized loss on expired derivatives designated and qualified as cash flow hedges, net of income tax benefit of $0.4 million, $0.3 million, $0.9 million and $0.6 million, respectively
659

 
556

 
1,508

 
934

Unrecognized net pension and other postretirement benefit (loss) gain, net of income tax benefit (expense) of $0.0 million, ($0.6) million, $1.0 million and ($0.1) million, respectively
(104
)
 
1,918

 
(2,880
)
 
438

Reclassification of net pension and other postretirement benefit loss, net of income tax benefit of $0.2 million, $1.4 million, $0.6 million and $4.1 million, respectively
495

 
2,392

 
1,477

 
7,227

Foreign currency translation adjustments, net of income tax benefit (expense) of $0.0 million, $0.4 million, ($2.1) million and ($1.2) million, respectively
(4,108
)
 
(34,258
)
 
35,477

 
4,187

Total comprehensive income
48,928

 
25,196

 
149,450

 
157,057

Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests
1,450

 
145

 
2,356

 
2,656

Comprehensive income attributable to Kennametal Shareowners
$
47,478

 
$
25,051

 
$
147,094

 
$
154,401

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.



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KENNAMETAL INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share data)
March 31,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
ASSETS
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
161,819

 
$
377,316

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $14,079 and $11,949
528,454

 
445,322

Inventories (Note 11)
738,857

 
578,795

Deferred income taxes
50,099

 
49,707

Other current assets
59,820

 
48,333

Total current assets
1,539,049

 
1,499,473

Property, plant and equipment:
 
 
 
Land and buildings
441,165

 
381,215

Machinery and equipment
1,630,969

 
1,466,942

Less accumulated depreciation
(1,186,507
)
 
(1,106,675
)
Property, plant and equipment, net
885,627

 
741,482

Other assets:
 
 
 
Investments in affiliated companies
671

 
671

Goodwill (Note 18)
974,594

 
721,755

 Other intangible assets, less accumulated amortization of $132,161 and $111,440 (Note 18)
349,155

 
222,765

Deferred income taxes
35,131

 
39,590

Other
91,016

 
75,303

Total other assets
1,450,567

 
1,060,084

Total assets
$
3,875,243

 
$
3,301,039

LIABILITIES
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Current maturities of long-term debt and capital leases (Note 12)
$
19,604

 
$
3,738

Notes payable to banks
93,820

 
40,581

Accounts payable
203,669

 
190,623

Accrued income taxes
25,901

 
19,471

Accrued expenses
97,867

 
88,433

Other current liabilities
148,477

 
124,747

Total current liabilities
589,338

 
467,593

Long-term debt and capital leases, less current maturities (Note 12)
1,022,129

 
703,626

Deferred income taxes
99,023

 
102,935

Accrued pension and postretirement benefits
169,990

 
162,245

Accrued income taxes
19,359

 
27,530

Other liabilities
40,846

 
24,817

Total liabilities
1,940,685

 
1,488,746

Commitments and contingencies

 

EQUITY (Note 16)
 
 
 
Kennametal Shareowners’ Equity:
 
 
 
Preferred stock, no par value; 5,000 shares authorized; none issued

 

Capital stock, $1.25 par value; 120,000 shares authorized; 78,510 and 77,842 shares issued
98,138

 
97,303

Additional paid-in capital
388,630

 
374,300

Retained earnings
1,469,853

 
1,399,227

Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(54,820
)
 
(89,004
)
Total Kennametal Shareowners’ Equity
1,901,801

 
1,781,826

Noncontrolling interests
32,757

 
30,467

Total equity
1,934,558

 
1,812,293

Total liabilities and equity
$
3,875,243

 
$
3,301,039

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.

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KENNAMETAL INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOW (UNAUDITED)

 
Nine Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)
2014

 
2013

OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net income
$
114,719

 
$
144,732

Adjustments for non-cash items:
 
 
 
Depreciation
76,340

 
69,251

Amortization
18,791

 
15,501

Stock-based compensation expense
14,922

 
18,586

Deferred income tax provision
11,395

 
12,086

Other
1,343

 
(744
)
Changes in certain assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts receivable
(35,816
)
 
37,618

Inventories
(34,805
)
 
9,201

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities
2,152

 
(132,208
)
Accrued income taxes
(4,759
)
 
(29,511
)
Other
(11,040
)
 
5,846

Net cash flow provided by operating activities
153,242

 
150,358

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
(85,961
)
 
(53,808
)
Disposals of property, plant and equipment
928

 
1,763

Business acquisitions, net of cash acquired (Note 5)
(634,615
)
 

Other
51

 
(152
)
Net cash flow used for investing activities
(719,597
)
 
(52,197
)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 
 
Net increase in notes payable
52,879

 
1,686

Net increase (decrease) in short-term revolving and other lines of credit
6,200

 
(23,500
)
Term debt borrowings
558,533

 
914,244

Term debt repayments
(231,761
)
 
(706,340
)
Purchase of capital stock
(14,063
)
 
(78,487
)
Sale of subsidiary stock

 
26,665

Dividend reinvestment and the effect of employee benefit and stock plans
21,467

 
13,255

Cash dividends paid to Shareowners
(42,285
)
 
(38,436
)
Other
(628
)
 
(2,660
)
Net cash flow provided by financing activities
350,342

 
106,427

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
516

 
1,035

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
 
 
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents
(215,497
)
 
205,623

Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period
377,316

 
116,466

Cash and cash equivalents, end of period
$
161,819

 
$
322,089

The accompanying notes are an integral part of these condensed consolidated financial statements.


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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)




1.
ORGANIZATION
From its founding in 1938, the McKenna family incorporated Kennametal Inc. in Pennsylvania in 1943. Kennametal Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, Kennametal or the Company) are a leading global manufacturer and supplier of tooling, engineered components and advanced materials consumed in production processes. We believe that our reputation for manufacturing excellence, as well as our technological expertise and innovation we deliver in our products and services, helps us to achieve a leading position in our primary markets. End users of our products include metalworking and machinery manufacturers and suppliers across a diverse array of industries, including aerospace, defense, transportation, machine tool, light machinery and heavy machinery, as well as producers and suppliers in a number of equipment-intensive industries such as coal mining, road construction and quarrying, as well as oil and gas exploration, refining, production and supply. Our end users' applications range from airframes to mining operations, engines to oil wells and turbochargers to processing. We operate two global business segments consisting of Industrial and Infrastructure.
 
2.
BASIS OF PRESENTATION
The condensed consolidated financial statements, which include our accounts and those of our majority-owned subsidiaries, should be read in conjunction with our 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of June 30, 2013 was derived from the audited balance sheet included in our 2013 Annual Report on Form 10-K. These interim statements are unaudited; however, we believe that all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of the results of the interim periods were made and all adjustments are normal adjustments. The results for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for a full fiscal year. Unless otherwise specified, any reference to a “year” is to a fiscal year ended June 30. For example, a reference to 2014 is to the fiscal year ending June 30, 2014. When used in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, unless the context requires otherwise, the terms “we,” “our” and “us” refer to Kennametal Inc. and its subsidiaries.

3.
NEW ACCOUNTING STANDARDS
Adopted
As of July 1, 2013, Kennametal adopted disclosure requirements related to reclassifications out of accumulated other comprehensive income by component. See Note 17 to these condensed consolidated financial statements for required disclosures. Other than the change in disclosures, the adoption of this guidance had no impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

As of July 1, 2013, Kennametal adopted additional guidance on testing indefinite lived intangible assets for impairment. The guidance permits an entity to first assess qualitative factors to determine whether it is more likely than not that the fair value of an indefinite lived intangible asset is less than its carrying amount as a basis for determining whether it is necessary to perform the two-step impairment test. The adoption of this guidance had no impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.

4.    SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW DISCLOSURES
 
Nine Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)
2014

 
2013

Cash paid during the period for:
 
 
 
Interest
$
22,038

 
$
18,260

Income taxes
33,155

 
48,685

Supplemental disclosure of non-cash information:
 
 
 
Changes in accounts payable related to purchases of property, plant and equipment
8,600

 



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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



5.     ACQUISITIONS

TMB
On November 4, 2013, the Company completed its transaction to acquire the Tungsten Materials Business (TMB) from Allegheny Technologies Incorporated (ATI) which included all of the assets of TDY Industries, LLC, a wholly owned subsidiary of ATI, used or held for use by TDY in connection with the business; and all of the shares of TDY Limited and ATI Holdings SAS, both wholly-owned subsidiaries of ATI, for a purchase price of $607.0 million, net of cash acquired. We funded the acquisition primarily through a combination of cash from operations and available borrowings under our existing credit facility.

TMB, with approximately $340.0 million in annual sales in calendar 2012, is a leading producer of tungsten metallurgical powders, as well as tooling technologies and components. The business has approximately 1,175 employees in 12 locations across 7 countries. The acquisition aligns with the Company's long-term growth strategies, expands presence in aerospace and energy end markets, further augments the Company's tooling portfolio and accelerates our metallurgical strategy including planned tungsten carbide recycling and production.

As part of the acquisition of TMB, Kennametal incurred $2.4 million and $5.3 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014 of acquisition-related costs, which are included in operating expense.

Purchase Price Allocation
In accordance with the accounting guidance for business combinations, the TMB acquisition was accounted for under the acquisition method of accounting and accordingly, the purchase price has been allocated to the assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on estimated fair values at the date of acquisition. The condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2014 reflects the preliminary allocation of the purchase price and is subject to revision when appraisals are finalized, which is expected to be in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2014.

The preliminary allocation of the purchase price to the fair values of the assets acquired and liabilities assumed is as follows:
(in thousands)
Total
ASSETS
 
Current assets:
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
1,294

Accounts Receivable
41,164

Inventory
98,664

Other current assets
4,014

Total current assets
$
145,136

Property and equipment
129,752

Goodwill
240,948

Other intangible assets
125,305

Deferred income taxes
6,419

Other
603

Total assets
$
648,163

LIABILITIES
 
Current liabilities:
 
Accounts payable
$
21,001

Accrued payroll
3,646

Accrued expenses
3,159

Total current liabilities
$
27,806

Deferred income taxes
4,145

Other long-term liabilities
7,982

Total liabilities
39,933

Net assets acquired
$
608,230


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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



In connection with this acquisition, we identified and valued certain intangible assets, including existing customer relationships, technologies and trademarks, as further discussed in Note 18. It is expected that the majority of the preliminary goodwill recorded of $240.9 million will be deductible for tax purposes. The goodwill is attributable to the operating synergies we expect to gain from the acquisition. These intangible assets are part of both the Industrial and Infrastructure segments.

TMB contributed net sales of $77.7 million and net loss of $4.4 million during the three months ended March 31, 2014. TMB contributed net sales of $122.5 million and net loss of $11.5 million during the five months ended March 31, 2014.

Unaudited Pro Forma Financial Information
The following unaudited pro forma summary of operating results presents the consolidated results of operations as if the TMB acquisition had occurred on July 1, 2012. These amounts were calculated after applying our accounting policies and adjusting TMB's results to reflect increased depreciation and amortization expense resulting from recording fixed assets and intangible assets at fair value, as well as increased amortization resulting from recording inventory at fair value. The pro forma results for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014 exclude $2.5 million and $4.4 million of acquisition-related and restructuring-related pre-tax costs, respectively. The pro forma results for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2013 includes $7.7 million and $8.4 million, respectively, of integration-related pre-tax costs. The pro forma results have been presented for comparative purposes only, include no expected sales or cost synergies and are not indicative of future results of operations or what would have occurred had the acquisition been made on July 1, 2012.

Unaudited pro forma summary of operating results of Kennametal, assuming the acquisition had occurred as of July 1, 2012, are as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
Nine Months Ended March 31,
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
2014

2013

2014

2013

Pro forma (unaudited):
 
 
 
 
Net Sales
$
755,242

$
736,052

$
2,189,492

$
2,123,556

Net income attributable to Kennametal
$
55,019

$
45,860

$
126,060

$
128,421

Per share data attributable to Kennametal:
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per share
$
0.70

$
0.58

$
1.60

$
1.61

Diluted earnings per share
$
0.69

$
0.57

$
1.58

$
1.59


Emura
On August 1, 2013, the Company acquired the operating assets of Comercializadora Emura S.R.L. and certain related entities (Emura), based in La Paz, Bolivia, and secured related material sourcing agreements for a purchase price of $40.1 million, of which $26.1 million represents cash paid, of which $25.6 million was paid in fiscal year 2014 and $0.5 million was paid in fiscal year 2013, and $14.0 million of contingent consideration (see Note 6). Emura's principal operations is engaged in collecting, testing, processing and exporting tungsten ore material, and was a long-standing supplier to Kennametal. The addition of Emura enhances the Company's strategic tungsten sourcing capabilities to serve growth globally.

Other
On September 30, 2013, the Company completed one other acquisition in the Infrastructure segment for $2.0 million.

6.
FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS
Fair value is defined as the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date. The fair value hierarchy consists of three levels to prioritize the inputs used in valuations, as defined below:
Level 1: Unadjusted quoted prices in active markets that are accessible at the measurement date for identical, unrestricted assets or liabilities.

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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



Level 2: Inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 that are observable for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly, including quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; quoted prices for identical or similar assets or liabilities in markets that are not active; inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability (e.g., interest rates); and inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means.
Level 3: Inputs that are unobservable.
As of March 31, 2014, the fair values of the Company’s financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are categorized as follows:
 
(in thousands)
Level 1

 
Level 2

 
Level 3

 
Total

Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives (1)
$

 
$
300

 
$

 
$
300

Total assets at fair value
$

 
$
300

 
$

 
$
300

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives (1)
$

 
$
457

 
$

 
$
457

   Contingent consideration

 

 
14,000

 
14,000

Total liabilities at fair value
$

 
$
457

 
$
14,000

 
$
14,457

 

The fair value of contingent consideration payable that was classified as Level 3 relates to our probability assessments of expected future milestone targets, primarily associated with product delivery, related to the Emura acquisition. The contingent consideration is to be paid over the next 3 years. During the current quarter the Company reassessed this contingent consideration and determined that no adjustment to the fair value was deemed necessary and that no changes in the expected outcome have occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2014.
As of June 30, 2013, the fair value of the Company’s financial assets and financial liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis are categorized as follows:
(in thousands)
Level 1

 
Level 2

 
Level 3

 
Total

Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives (1)
$

 
$
775

 
$

 
$
775

Total assets at fair value
$

 
$
775

 
$

 
$
775

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Derivatives (1)
$

 
$
530

 
$

 
$
530

Total liabilities at fair value
$

 
$
530

 
$

 
$
530

 (1) Currency derivatives are valued based on observable market spot and forward rates and are classified within Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy.


7.
DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS AND HEDGING ACTIVITIES
As part of our financial risk management program, we use certain derivative financial instruments. We do not enter into derivative transactions for speculative purposes and, therefore, hold no derivative instruments for trading purposes. We account for derivative instruments as a hedge of the related asset, liability, firm commitment or anticipated transaction, when the derivative is specifically designated and qualifies as a hedge of such items. Our objective in managing foreign exchange exposures with derivative instruments is to reduce volatility in cash flow. We measure hedge effectiveness by assessing the changes in the fair value or expected future cash flows of the hedged item. The ineffective portions are recorded in other(income) expense, net.

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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



The fair value of derivatives designated and not designated as hedging instruments in the condensed consolidated balance sheet are as follows:
(in thousands)
March 31,
2014
 
June 30,
2013
Derivatives designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
Other current assets - range forward contracts
$
129

 
$
658

Other current liabilities - range forward contracts
(427
)
 
(522
)
Other assets - range forward contracts
46

 
69

Other liabilities - range forward contracts
(8
)
 

Total derivatives designated as hedging instruments
(260
)
 
205

Derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
 
 
 
Other current assets - currency forward contracts
125

 
48

Other current liabilities - currency forward contracts
(22
)
 
(8
)
Total derivatives not designated as hedging instruments
103

 
40

Total derivatives
$
(157
)
 
$
245


Certain currency forward contracts that hedge significant cross-border intercompany loans are considered as other derivatives and therefore do not qualify for hedge accounting. These contracts are recorded at fair value in the condensed consolidated balance sheet, with the offset to other (income) expense, net. (Gains) losses related to derivatives not designated as hedging instruments have been recognized as follows:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

Other (income) expense, net - currency forward contracts
$
(178
)
 
$
(475
)
 
$
(64
)
 
$
995

 
FAIR VALUE HEDGES

Fixed-to-floating interest rate swap contracts, designated as fair value hedges, are entered into from time to time to hedge our exposure to fair value fluctuations on a portion of our fixed rate debt. We had no such contracts outstanding at March 31, 2014 or June 30, 2013.
CASH FLOW HEDGES
Range forward contracts (a transaction where both a put option is purchased and a call option is sold) are designated as cash flow hedges and hedge anticipated cash flows from cross-border intercompany sales of products and services. Gains and losses realized on these contracts at maturity are recorded in accumulated other comprehensive loss, and are recognized as a component of other (income) expense, net when the underlying sale of products or services is recognized into earnings. The notional amount of the contracts translated into U.S. dollars at March 31, 2014 and June 30, 2013, was $106.1 million and $102.2 million, respectively. The time value component of the fair value of range forward contracts is excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness. Assuming the market rates remain constant with the rates at March 31, 2014, we expect to recognize into earnings in the next 12 months $0.2 million of losses on outstanding derivatives.
In February 2012, we settled forward starting interest rate swap contracts to convert $150.0 million of our floating rate debt to fixed rate debt. Upon settlement, we made a cash payment of $22.4 million. The loss is being amortized as a component of interest expense over the term of the related debt using the effective interest rate method. During the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, $0.5 million and $0.5 million was recognized as interest expense, respectively. During the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, $1.5 million and $1.4 million was recognized as interest expense, respectively.

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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



The following represents gains and losses related to cash flow hedges:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

(Losses) gains recognized in other comprehensive loss, net
$
(8
)
 
$
212

 
$
(851
)
 
$
(461
)
Losses reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive loss into other (income) expense, net
$
340

 
$
425

 
$
1,054

 
$
682

No portion of the gains or losses recognized in earnings was due to ineffectiveness and no amounts were excluded from our effectiveness testing for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013.

8.    RESTRUCTURING
During the December quarter, we announced our intent to implement restructuring actions to achieve synergies across Kennametal as a result of the TMB acquisition. During the March quarter we continued to implement these restructuring actions, primarily related to employment reductions. These and other restructuring actions are expected to be completed over the next three years. Total pre-tax charges are expected to be in the range of $40 million to $50 million, and are anticipated to be mostly cash expenditures.
In conjunction with these initiatives, we recorded restructuring charges of $5.0 million during the nine months ended March 31, 2014.
The restructuring accrual is recorded in other current liabilities in our condensed consolidated balance sheet and the amount attributable to each segment is as follows:

(in thousands)
June 30, 2013
 
Expense
 
Translation
 
Cash Expenditures

 
March 31, 2014
Industrial
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Severance
$

 
$
2,235

 
$
2

 
$
(1,074
)
 
$
1,163

Facilities

 
325

 
3

 

 
328

Other

 
76

 
1

 
(1
)
 
76

Total Industrial

 
2,636

 
6

 
(1,075
)
 
1,567

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Infrastructure
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Severance

 
2,016

 
2

 
(969
)
 
1,049

Facilities

 
293

 
3

 

 
296

Other

 
68

 

 

 
68

Total Infrastructure

 
2,377

 
5

 
(969
)
 
1,413

Total
$

 
$
5,013

 
$
11

 
$
(2,044
)
 
$
2,980




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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



9.
STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION
Stock Options
The assumptions used in our Black-Scholes valuation related to grants made during the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 were as follows:
 
2014

 
2013

Risk-free interest rate
1.3
%
 
0.6
%
Expected life (years) (1)
4.5

 
4.5

Expected volatility (2)
40.3
%
 
49.5
%
Expected dividend yield
1.6
%
 
1.4
%
(1) Expected life is derived from historical experience.
(2) Expected volatility is based on the implied historical volatility of our stock.
 
Changes in our stock options for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 were as follows:
 
Options

 
Weighted
Average
Exercise Price

 
Weighted
Average
Remaining
Life (years)
 
Aggregate
Intrinsic value
(in thousands)

Options outstanding, June 30, 2013
2,729,068

 
$
30.40

 
 
 
 
Granted
346,127

 
45.22

 
 
 
 
Exercised
(614,316
)
 
26.42

 
 
 
 
Lapsed and forfeited
(30,995
)
 
38.24

 
 
 
 
Options outstanding, March 31, 2014
2,429,884

 
$
33.42

 
5.7
 
$
26,745

Options vested and expected to vest,
  March 31, 2014
2,394,935

 
$
33.31

 
5.7
 
$
26,630

Options exercisable, March 31, 2014
1,624,499

 
$
30.40

 
4.4
 
$
22,587

During the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, compensation expense related to stock options was $3.9 million and $5.5 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to options outstanding was $3.4 million and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.6 years.
Weighted average fair value of options granted during the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was $13.76 and $13.53, respectively. Fair value of options vested during the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was $5.0 million and $5.1 million, respectively.
Tax benefits, relating to excess stock-based compensation deductions, are presented in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flow as financing cash inflows. Tax benefits resulting from stock-based compensation deductions exceeded amounts reported for financial reporting purposes by $5.2 million and $3.5 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively.
The amount of cash received from the exercise of capital stock options during the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was $16.4 million and $9.2 million, respectively. The related tax benefit for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was $3.6 million and $1.9 million, respectively. The total intrinsic value of options exercised during the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was $11.5 million and $5.9 million, respectively.
Under the provisions of the Kennametal Inc. Stock and Incentive Plan of 2010, Plan participants may deliver stock owned by the holder for at least six months, in payment of the option price and receive credit for the fair market value of the shares on the date of delivery. The fair market value of shares delivered during the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was $0.2 million and $0.1 million, respectively.

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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



Restricted Stock Units – Time Vesting and Performance Vesting
Performance vesting restricted stock units are earned pro rata each year if certain performance goals are met over a three-year period, and are also subject to a service condition that requires the individual to be employed by the Company at the payment date after the three-year performance period, with the exception of retirement eligible grantees, who upon retirement are entitled to receive payment for any units that have been earned, including a prorated portion in the partially completed fiscal year in which the retirement occurs.
Changes in our time vesting and performance vesting restricted stock units for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 were as follows:
 
Performance
Vesting
Stock
Units

 
Performance
Vesting
Weighted
Average Fair
Value

 
Time Vesting
Stock Units

 
Time Vesting
Weighted
Average Fair
Value

Unvested performance vesting and time vesting restricted stock units, June 30, 2013
367,612

 
$
32.08

 
815,210

 
$
34.53

Granted
82,449

 
45.24

 
310,130

 
45.14

Vested
(156,798
)
 
26.89

 
(301,311
)
 
32.55

Performance metric not achieved
(95,907
)
 
45.24

 

 

Forfeited

 

 
(41,246
)
 
39.34

Unvested performance vesting and time vesting restricted stock units, March 31, 2014
197,356

 
$
40.92

 
782,783

 
$
39.25

During the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, compensation expense related to time vesting and performance vesting restricted stock units was $10.8 million and $12.8 million, respectively. As of March 31, 2014, the total unrecognized compensation cost related to unvested time vesting and performance vesting restricted stock units was $17.5 million and is expected to be recognized over a weighted average period of 2.4 years.

10.
BENEFIT PLANS
We sponsor several defined benefit pension plans. Additionally, we provide varying levels of postretirement health care and life insurance benefits to some U.S. employees.

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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



The table below summarizes the components of net periodic pension cost:
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

Service cost
$
1,731

 
$
1,945

 
$
5,179

 
$
5,853

Interest cost
10,311

 
9,493

 
30,795

 
28,675

Expected return on plan assets
(14,920
)
 
(13,968
)
 
(44,632
)
 
(42,120
)
Amortization of transition obligation
20

 
16

 
58

 
52

Amortization of prior service credit
(58
)
 
(49
)
 
(175
)
 
(146
)
Recognition of actuarial losses
671

 
3,730

 
1,983

 
11,229

Net periodic pension (credit) cost
$
(2,245
)
 
$
1,167

 
$
(6,792
)
 
$
3,543

Net periodic pension cost decreased $3.4 million and $10.3 million for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014, respectively. This decrease was primarily the result of a discount rate change and the expected return on plan assets.
The table below summarizes the components of the net periodic other postretirement benefit cost:
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

Service cost
$
14

 
$
18

 
$
42

 
$
54

Interest cost
251

 
234

 
753

 
703

Amortization of prior service cost
(28
)
 
(28
)
 
(84
)
 
(83
)
Recognition of actuarial loss
79

 
104

 
237

 
312

Net periodic other postretirement benefit cost
$
316

 
$
328

 
$
948

 
$
986


11.
INVENTORIES
We used the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method of valuing inventories for 44 percent and 52 percent of total inventories at March 31, 2014 and June 30, 2013, respectively. Because inventory valuations under the LIFO method are based on an annual determination of quantities and costs as of June 30 of each year, the interim LIFO valuations are based on our projections of expected year-end inventory levels and costs. Therefore, the interim financial results are subject to any final year-end LIFO inventory adjustments.
 
Inventories consisted of the following: 
(in thousands)
March 31, 2014
 
June 30, 2013
Finished goods
$
379,618

 
$
303,307

Work in process and powder blends
308,631

 
244,180

Raw materials
151,105

 
137,602

Inventories at current cost
839,354

 
685,089

Less: LIFO valuation
(100,497
)
 
(106,294
)
Total inventories
$
738,857

 
$
578,795


12.
LONG-TERM DEBT
Our $600 million five-year, multi-currency, revolving credit facility (2011 Credit Agreement) requires us to comply with various restrictive and affirmative covenants, including two financial covenants: a maximum leverage ratio and a minimum consolidated interest coverage ratio (as those terms are defined in the agreement). We were in compliance with all covenants as of March 31, 2014. We had $338.7 million and $3.6 million of borrowings outstanding under the 2011 Credit Agreement as of March 31, 2014 and June 30, 2013, respectively. Borrowings under the 2011 Credit Agreement are guaranteed by our significant domestic subsidiaries. The 2011 Credit Agreement matures in April 2018.

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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



Fixed rate debt had a fair market value of $688.2 million and $680.1 million at March 31, 2014 and June 30, 2013, respectively. The Level 1 fair value is determined based on the quoted market price of this debt as of March 31, 2014 and June 30, 2013, respectively.
 
13.
ENVIRONMENTAL MATTERS
The operation of our business has exposed us to certain liabilities and compliance costs related to environmental matters. We are involved in various environmental cleanup and remediation activities at certain of our locations.
Superfund Sites We are involved as a potentially responsible party (PRP) at various sites designated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) as Superfund sites. For certain of these sites, we have evaluated the claims and potential liabilities and have determined that neither are material, individually or in the aggregate. For certain other sites that are being monitored, the matters have not yet progressed to a point where it is possible to estimate the ultimate cost of remediation, the timing and extent of remedial action that may be required by governmental authorities or the amount of our liability alone or in relation to that of any other PRP.
Other Environmental Matters We establish and maintain reserves for other potential environmental issues. At March 31, 2014 and June 30, 2013, the balances of these reserves were $11.3 million and $5.1 million, respectively. These reserves represent anticipated costs associated with the remediation of these issues. The change in the reserve was due to a $6.0 million increase related to a recent acquisition and $0.2 million of unfavorable foreign currency translation adjustments recorded during the nine months ended March 31, 2014.
The reserves we have established for environmental liabilities represent our best current estimate of the costs of addressing all identified environmental situations, based on our review of currently available evidence, and taking into consideration our prior experience in remediation and that of other companies, as well as public information released by the USEPA, other governmental agencies, and by the PRP groups in which we are participating. Although the reserves currently appear to be sufficient to cover these environmental liabilities, there are uncertainties associated with environmental liabilities, and we can give no assurance that our estimate of any environmental liability will not increase or decrease in the future. The reserved and unreserved liabilities for all environmental concerns could change substantially due to factors such as the nature and extent of contamination, changes in remedial requirements, technological changes, discovery of new information, the financial strength of other PRPs, the identification of new PRPs and the involvement of and direction taken by the government on these matters.
We maintain a Corporate Environmental Health and Safety (EHS) Department to monitor compliance with environmental regulations and to oversee remediation activities. In addition, we have designated EHS coordinators who are responsible for each of our global manufacturing facilities. Our financial management team periodically meets with members of the Corporate EHS Department and the Corporate Legal Department to review and evaluate the status of environmental projects and contingencies. On a quarterly basis, we review financial provisions and reserves for environmental contingencies and adjust these reserves when appropriate.

14.
INCOME TAXES
The effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was 24.1 percent and 18.5 percent, respectively. The increase was primarily driven by the impact of the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 that was enacted during the prior year quarter, which extended the credit for the increasing research activities.
The effective income tax rate for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was 28.5 percent and 21.7 percent, respectively. The increase was primarily driven by a $7.2 million tax charge incurred in the second quarter related to a change in assertion of a foreign subsidiary's certain undistributed earnings, which are no longer considered permanently reinvested. This change in assertion during the second quarter is related to the repatriation of $57.0 million. All earnings of other non U.S. subsidiaries are indefinitely reinvested and no deferred taxes have been provided on those earnings. This tax charge was partially offset by a lower relative U.S. current year earnings contribution.

15.
EARNINGS PER SHARE
Basic earnings per share is computed using the weighted average number of shares outstanding during the period, while diluted earnings per share is calculated to reflect the potential dilution that occurs related to the issuance of capital stock under stock option grants, restricted stock awards and restricted stock units. The difference between basic and diluted earnings per share relates solely to the effect of capital stock options, restricted stock awards and restricted stock units.

17

Table of Contents

KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



For purposes of determining the number of diluted shares outstanding, weighted average shares outstanding for basic earnings per share calculations were increased due solely to the dilutive effect of unexercised capital stock options, unvested restricted stock awards and unvested restricted stock units by 1.0 million shares and 1.3 million shares for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and 1.0 million shares and 1.2 million shares for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively. Unexercised capital stock options, restricted stock units and restricted stock awards of 0.2 million shares and 0.3 million shares for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, and 0.3 million shares and 1.0 million shares for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013, respectively, were not included in the computation of diluted earnings per share because the option exercise price was greater than the average market price, and therefore the inclusion would have been anti-dilutive.

16.
EQUITY
A summary of the changes in the carrying amounts of total equity, Kennametal Shareowners’ equity and equity attributable to noncontrolling interests as of March 31, 2014 and 2013 is as follows:
 
Kennametal Shareowners’ Equity
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
Capital
stock

 
Additional
paid-in
capital

 
Retained
earnings

 
Accumulated
other
comprehensive loss

 
Non-
controlling
interests

 
Total equity

Balance as of June 30, 2013
$
97,303

 
$
374,300

 
$
1,399,227

 
$
(89,004
)
 
$
30,467

 
$
1,812,293

Net income

 

 
112,911

 

 
1,808

 
114,719

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 
34,184

 
547

 
34,731

Dividend reinvestment
1

 
228

 

 

 

 
229

Capital stock issued under employee benefit and stock plans
1,241

 
27,758

 

 

 

 
28,999

Purchase of capital stock
(407
)
 
(13,656
)
 

 

 

 
(14,063
)
Cash dividends paid

 

 
(42,285
)
 

 
(65
)
 
(42,350
)
Balance as of March 31, 2014
$
98,138

 
$
388,630

 
$
1,469,853

 
$
(54,820
)
 
$
32,757

 
$
1,934,558

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Kennametal Shareowners’ Equity
 
 
 
 
(in thousands)
Capital
stock

 
Additional
paid-in
capital

 
Retained
earnings

 
Accumulated
other
comprehensive
loss

 
Non-
controlling
interests

 
Total equity

Balance as of June 30, 2012
$
100,106

 
$
447,433

 
$
1,246,973

 
$
(150,662
)
 
$
24,371

 
$
1,668,221

Net income

 

 
142,447

 

 
2,285

 
144,732

Other comprehensive income

 

 

 
11,954

 
371

 
12,325

Dividend reinvestment
6

 
192

 

 

 

 
198

Capital stock issued under employee benefit and stock plans
875

 
24,527

 

 

 

 
25,402

Purchase of capital stock
(2,572
)
 
(75,915
)
 

 

 

 
(78,487
)
Sale of subsidiary stock

 
12,515

 

 
2,065

 
7,727

 
22,307

Cash dividends paid

 

 
(38,436
)
 

 
(1,949
)
 
(40,385
)
Purchase of noncontrolling interests

 

 

 

 
(479
)
 
(479
)
Balance as of March 31, 2013
$
98,415

 
$
408,752

 
$
1,350,984

 
$
(136,643
)
 
$
32,326

 
$
1,753,834



18

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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



The amounts of comprehensive income attributable to Kennametal Shareowners and noncontrolling interests are disclosed in the condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income.

17.    ACCUMULATED OTHER COMPREHENSIVE LOSS

Total accumulated other comprehensive loss (AOCL) consists of net income and other changes in equity from transactions and other events from sources other than shareowners. It includes postretirement benefit plan adjustments, currency translation adjustments, and unrealized gains and losses from derivative instruments designated as cash flow hedges.

The components of and changes in AOCL were as follows (net of tax) for the three months ended March 31, 2014:
Attributable to Kennametal:
Postretirement benefit plans

Currency translation adjustment

Derivatives

Total

Balance, December 31, 2013
$
(85,731
)
$
46,773

$
(12,475
)
$
(51,433
)
Other comprehensive loss before
  reclassifications
(104
)
(4,429
)
(8
)
(4,541
)
Amounts reclassified from AOCL
495


659

1,154

Net current period other comprehensive
  loss
391

(4,429
)
651

(3,387
)
AOCL, March 31, 2014
$
(85,340
)
$
42,344

$
(11,824
)
$
(54,820
)
 
 
 
 
 
Attributable to noncontrolling interests:
 
 
 
 
Balance, December 31, 2013
$

$
948

$

$
948

Other comprehensive loss before
  reclassifications

320


320

Net current period other comprehensive
  loss

320


320

AOCL, March 31, 2014
$

$
1,268

$

$
1,268


The components of and changes in AOCL were as follows (net of tax) for the nine months ended March 31, 2014:
Attributable to Kennametal:
Postretirement benefit plans

Currency translation adjustment

Derivatives

Total

Balance, June 30, 2013
$
(83,937
)
$
7,414

$
(12,481
)
$
(89,004
)
Other comprehensive loss before
  reclassifications
(2,880
)
34,930

(851
)
31,199

Amounts reclassified from AOCL
1,477


1,508

2,985

Net current period other comprehensive
  loss
(1,403
)
34,930

657

34,184

AOCL, March 31, 2014
$
(85,340
)
$
42,344

$
(11,824
)
$
(54,820
)
 
 
 
 
 
Attributable to noncontrolling interests:
 
 
 
 
Balance, June 30, 2013
$

$
721

$

$
721

Other comprehensive loss before
  reclassifications

547


547

Net current period other comprehensive
  loss

547


547

AOCL, March 31, 2014
$

$
1,268

$

$
1,268




19

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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



Reclassifications out of AOCL for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014 consisted of the following:
Details about AOCL components
Three months ended March 31, 2014

Nine months ended March 31, 2014

Affected line item in the Income Statement
Gains and losses on cash flow hedges:
 
 
 
Forward starting interest rate swaps
$
486

$
1,459

Interest expense
Currency exchange contracts
577

973

Other (income) expense, net
Total before tax
1,063

2,432

 
Tax benefit
404

924

Provision for income taxes
Net of tax
$
659

$
1,508

 
 
 
 
 
Postretirement benefit plans:
 
 
 
Amortization of transition obligations
$
20

$
58

See pension note 10 for further details
Amortization of prior service credit
(86
)
(259
)
See pension note 10 for further details
Recognition of actuarial losses
750

2,220

See pension note 10 for further details
Total before taxes
684

2,019

 
Tax benefit
189

542

Provision for income taxes
Net of tax
$
495

$
1,477

 

18.
GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill represents the excess of cost over the fair value of the net assets of acquired companies. Goodwill and other intangible assets with indefinite lives are tested at least annually for impairment. We perform our annual impairment tests during the June quarter in connection with our annual planning process, unless there are impairment indicators that warrant a test prior to that. We noted no impairment indicators warranting additional testing.
A summary of the carrying amount of goodwill attributable to each segment, as well as the changes in such, is as follows:
(in thousands)
Industrial

 
Infrastructure

 
TMB Acquisition

 
Total

Goodwill
$
273,757

 
$
598,840

 
$

 
$
872,597

Accumulated impairment losses
(15,674
)
 
(135,168
)
 

 
(150,842
)
Balance as of June 30, 2013 (1)
$
258,083

 
$
463,672

 
$

 
$
721,755

Acquisition
$

 
$

 
$
240,948

 
$
240,948

Translation
4,622

 
7,269

 

 
11,891

Change in goodwill
4,622

 
7,269

 
240,948

 
252,839

Goodwill
278,379

 
606,109

 
240,948

 
1,125,436

Accumulated impairment losses
(15,674
)
 
(135,168
)
 

 
(150,842
)
Balance as of March 31, 2014
$
262,705

 
$
470,941

 
$
240,948


$
974,594

(1) The balance as of June 30, 2013 have been restated to reflect the change in reportable operating segments.
 
The assignment of goodwill for the TMB acquisition has not yet been completed and therefore has not been allocated between the segments.

The Company is currently exploring strategic alternatives for a portion of its Infrastructure business, which has an estimated net book value of approximately $39.0 million as of March 31, 2014.  As the evaluation is not yet complete, the Company cannot determine if an impairment loss is either probable or estimable.  


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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



The components of our other intangible assets were as follows:
 
 
Estimated
Useful Life
(in years)
 
March 31, 2014
 
June 30, 2013
(in thousands)
 
Gross Carrying
Amount

 
Accumulated
Amortization

 
Gross Carrying
Amount

 
Accumulated
Amortization

Contract-based
3 to 15
 
$
21,835

 
$
(9,937
)
 
$
21,450

 
$
(8,374
)
Technology-based and other
4 to 20
 
54,970

 
(28,067
)
 
38,005

 
(26,006
)
Customer-related
10 to 20
 
285,605

 
(71,903
)
 
178,318

 
(58,148
)
Unpatented technology
15 to 30
 
61,800

 
(11,904
)
 
45,972

 
(9,761
)
Trademarks
5 to 20
 
19,655

 
(10,350
)
 
14,055

 
(9,151
)
Trademarks
Indefinite
 
37,451

 

 
36,405

 

Total
 
 
$
481,316

 
$
(132,161
)
 
$
334,205

 
$
(111,440
)
During the nine months ended March 31, 2014, we recorded amortization expense of $18.8 million related to our other intangible assets and favorable currency translation adjustments of $3.5 million.
On November 4, 2013, we acquired TMB from ATI, the operations of which are included in both the Industrial and Infrastructure segments. As a result of the acquisition, we increased goodwill by $240.9 million and other intangible assets by $125.3 million based on our preliminary purchase price allocations. Other intangible assets consisted of customer-related intangibles, technology-based intangibles and trademarks. We are in the process of assessing the allocation of goodwill and other intangible assets, as well as the useful lives of the other intangible assets. The majority of both the goodwill and other intangible assets will be allocated to the Infrastructure segment, as this is primarily where the operating synergies associated with the acquisition are expected to be realized. The Company estimates that acquired intangibles will add approximately $8 million to annual amortization expense per year.
On August 1, 2013, we acquired the assets of Emura in our Infrastructure segment. As a result of the acquisition we increased other intangible assets by $16.4 million based on our preliminary purchase price allocations. We recorded supplier relationship intangible assets in technology-based and other of $15.9 million with an estimated useful life of 20 years, contract-based intangibles of $0.4 million with an estimated useful life of 3 years and trademarks of $0.1 million with an estimated useful life of 20 years. These intangible assets will be amortized over their respective estimated useful lives.

19.
SEGMENT DATA
Kennametal delivers productivity to customers seeking peak performance in demanding environments by providing innovative custom and standard wear-resistant solutions. To provide these solutions, we harness our knowledge of advanced materials and application development with a commitment to environmental sustainability. Our product offering includes a wide selection of standard and customized technologies for metalworking, such as sophisticated metalcutting tools, tooling systems and services, as well as advanced, high-performance materials, such as cemented tungsten carbide products, super alloys, coatings and investment castings to address customer demands. We offer these products through a variety of channels to meet customer-specified needs.

At the start of fiscal 2014, the Company enhanced its organizational structure to align a broader base management team with customer-facing products and technology platforms, as well as to further increase cross-selling opportunities. This operating structure supports the Company's stated growth objectives across diverse market sectors, preserves the focus on customers and increases product innovation. Consistent with previous allocation methodologies, corporate expenses related to each segment have been classified accordingly.
The Industrial segment generally serves customers that operate in industrial end markets such as aerospace, defense, transportation and general engineering. The customers in these end markets manufacture engines, airframes, automobiles, trucks, ships and various types of industrial equipment. The technology and customization requirements for customers we serve vary by customer, application and industry. The value we deliver to our Industrial segment customers centers on our application expertise and our diverse offering of products and services.

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KENNAMETAL INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (CONTINUED)



The Infrastructure segment generally serves customers that operate in the earthworks and energy sectors who support primary industries such as oil and gas, power generation, underground, surface and hard-rock mining, highway construction and road maintenance. Generally, we rely on customer intimacy to serve this segment. By gaining an in-depth understanding of our customers’ engineering and development needs, we are able to offer complete system solutions and high-performance capabilities to optimize and add value to their operations.
Corporate expenses related to executive retirement plans, the Company’s Board of Directors and strategic initiatives, as well as certain other costs, are reported as Corporate.
Our sales and operating income by segment are as follows: 
 
Three Months Ended
March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
 March 31,
(in thousands)
2014

 
2013 (1)

 
2014

 
2013 (1)

Sales:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Industrial
$
399,669

 
$
352,793

 
$
1,108,546

 
$
1,023,994

Infrastructure
355,573

 
302,567

 
956,440

 
893,969

Total sales
$
755,242

 
$
655,360

 
$
2,064,986

 
$
1,917,963

Operating income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Industrial
$
51,403

 
$
51,173

 
$
124,441

 
$
131,177

Infrastructure
28,012

 
26,120

 
68,305

 
81,623

Corporate
(2,585
)
 
(2,320
)
 
(7,370
)
 
(6,978
)
Total operating income
76,830

 
74,973

 
185,376

 
205,822

Interest expense
8,883

 
7,504

 
24,001

 
20,430

Other (income) expense, net
(561
)
 
749

 
906

 
502

Income before income taxes
$
68,508

 
$
66,720

 
$
160,469

 
$
184,890

(1) Amounts for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2013 have been restated to reflect the change in reportable operating segments.

Segment assets by segment are as follows:
(in thousands)
March 31, 2014

June 30, 2013 (2)

Total assets:
 
 
Industrial
$
1,366,329

$
1,190,026

Infrastructure
1,868,187

1,522,470

Corporate
399,779

588,543

   Goodwill from TMB acquisition
240,948


Total assets
$
3,875,243

$
3,301,039

(2) Amounts as of June 30, 2013 have been restated to reflect the change in reportable operating segments.


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OVERVIEW

Kennametal Inc. is a leading global manufacturer and supplier of tooling, engineered components and advanced materials consumed in production processes. We deliver productivity to customers seeking peak performance in demanding environments by providing innovative custom and standard wear-resistant solutions. To provide these solutions, we harness our knowledge of advanced materials and application development with a commitment to environmental sustainability. Our solutions are built around industry-essential technology platforms. These include metalworking tools, engineered components, surface technologies and earth cutting tools that are mission-critical to the performance of our customers battling extreme conditions such as fatigue wear, corrosion and high temperatures. We believe that our reputation for manufacturing excellence, as well as our technological expertise and innovation we deliver in our products and services, help us to achieve a leading position in our primary markets: general engineering, transportation, aerospace, defense, energy and earthworks. End users of our products include metalworking and machinery manufacturers and suppliers across a diverse array of industries, including aerospace, defense, transportation, machine tool, light machinery and heavy machinery, as well as producers and suppliers in a number of equipment-intensive industries such as coal mining, road construction and quarrying, as well as oil and gas exploration, refining, production and supply. Our end users' applications range from airframes to mining operations, engines to oil wells and turbochargers to processing. We believe we are one of the largest global providers of consumable metalcutting tools and tooling supplies.

Our sales of $755.2 million for the quarter ended March 31, 2014 increased 15 percent compared to sales for the March quarter one year ago. Operating income was $76.8 million, an increase of $1.8 million as compared to $75.0 million in the prior year quarter. The Tungsten Materials Business (TMB) contributed sales of $77.7 million during the quarter and had an operating loss of $4.3 million, which included the impacts of inventory purchase accounting step-up of $7.7 million and depreciation and amortization related to fixed and intangible asset purchase accounting step-up of $3.9 million. Operating income increased primarily due to higher sales volume.

Integration efforts are on-track related to the TMB acquisition and we recorded pre-tax restructuring charges of $2.7 million during the quarter ended March 31, 2014.

We reported current quarter earnings per diluted share of $0.64, which included TMB operating loss of $0.06, acquisition-related charges of $0.02 and restructuring and related charges of $0.02.

We generated cash flow from operating activities of $153.2 million and capital expenditures were $86.0 million during the nine months ended March 31, 2014.

We invested further in technology and innovation to continue delivering a high level of new products to our customers. Research and development expenses included in operating expense totaled $11.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014.

The following narrative provides further discussion and analysis of our results of operations, liquidity and capital resources, as well as other pertinent matters.


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RESULTS OF CONTINUING OPERATIONS

SALES

Sales for the three months ended March 31, 2014 were $755.2 million, an increase of $99.8 million or 15 percent, from $655.4 million in the prior year quarter. The increase in sales was driven by the impact of the acquisition of TMB of 12 percent, organic growth of 3 percent and the favorable impact from more business days of 1 percent, partially offset by a 1 percent decrease from unfavorable currency exchange. The increase in sales was primarily due to improved demand from customers in our Industrial end markets and distribution sales for the quarter, as well as improvement in the energy market, partially offset by continuing weakness in the mining sector. Excluding TMB, sales increased by approximately 9 percent in the energy markets, 8 percent in general engineering and 6 percent in transportation, while earthworks market decreased by 6 percent and aerospace and defense decreased by 5 percent, respectively.

Sales for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 were $2,065.0 million, an increase of $147.0 million or 8 percent, from $1,918.0 million in the prior year period. The increase in sales was driven by growth related to the TMB acquisition of 6 percent and the favorable impact from more business days of 2 percent. The increase in sales was primarily due to improved demand from customers in our Industrial end markets and distribution sales, partially offset by weakness in the mining sector. Excluding TMB, sales increased by approximately 8 percent in general engineering, 5 percent in transportation and 4 percent in the energy markets, while earthworks decreased by 5 percent and aerospace and defense decreased by 3 percent, respectively.

GROSS PROFIT

Gross profit for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was $239.0 million, an increase of $30.5 million from $208.5 million in the prior year quarter. The increase was primarily due to organic sales growth, the impact of the TMB acquisition, an inventory reduction initiative resulting in an unfavorable impact in the prior year, favorable business mix and favorable raw material costs. The gross profit margin for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was 31.6 percent, as compared to 31.8 percent generated in the prior year quarter. The decrease in the gross profit margin was primarily driven by the dilutive effects of the TMB acquisition, as a result of purchase accounting.

Gross profit for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 was $644.2 million, an increase of $27.9 million from $616.3 million in the prior year period. The increase was primarily due to an inventory reduction initiative resulting in an unfavorable impact in the prior year, lower raw material costs, organic sales growth and the impact of TMB, partially offset by higher manufacturing spend and a non-recurring physical inventory adjustment of $5.7 million related to our mining business. The gross profit margin for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 was 31.2 percent, as compared to 32.1 percent generated in the prior year period. The decrease in the gross profit margin was primarily driven by the dilutive effects of the TMB acquisition, as a result of purchase accounting.

OPERATING EXPENSE

Operating expense for the three months ended March 31, 2014 increased $24.0 million or 18.7 percent to $152.3 million as compared to $128.3 million in the prior year quarter. The increase was primarily due to additional operating expenditures related to TMB of $12.0 million, higher professional fees of $4.8 million, higher employment costs of $3.6 million driven mainly by an increase in commissions due to higher sales and our annual employee merit increase and TMB acquisition-related costs of $2.4 million.

Operating expense for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 increased $40.0 million or 10.1 percent to $435.0 million as compared to $395.0 million in the prior year period. The increase was primarily due to additional operating expenditures related to TMB of $19.4 million, higher employment costs of $11.2 million driven mainly by our annual employee merit increase and an increase in commissions due to higher sales and TMB acquisition-related costs of $5.3 million.


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RESTRUCTURING CHARGES
During the second quarter, we announced our intent to implement restructuring actions to achieve synergies across Kennametal and TMB by consolidating operations among both organizations, reducing administrative overhead and leveraging the supply chain. Consistent with this announcement, we initiated actions related to employment reductions and recorded restructuring charges of $2.7 million during the three months ended March 31, 2014. During the three months ended March 31, 2014, Industrial and Infrastructure restructuring and related charges were $1.5 million and $1.2 million, respectively.
During the nine months ended March 31, 2014, we initiated actions related to employment reductions and recorded restructuring charges of $5.0 million. Industrial and Infrastructure charges were $2.6 million and $2.4 million, respectively for the nine months ended March 31, 2014. See Note 8 in our condensed consolidated financial statements set forth in Part I Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.
Total restructuring costs are expected to be in the range of $40 million to $50 million and are expected to be completed over the next three years. Annual ongoing benefits from these actions are expected to be in the range of $35 million to $45 million, once these initiatives are fully implemented.

INTEREST EXPENSE

Interest expense for the three months ended March 31, 2014 increased $1.4 million to $8.9 million as compared to
$7.5 million in the prior year quarter. The increase in interest expense was primarily due to higher year-over-year borrowings due to acquisitions.

For the nine months ended March 31, 2014 interest expense increased $3.6 million to $24.0 million as compared to $20.4 million in the prior year period. The increase in interest expense was primarily due to higher year-over-year borrowings due to acquisitions and the higher borrowing rate for our $400 million 2.65 percent Senior Unsecured Notes issued in November 2012.
 
OTHER (INCOME) EXPENSE, NET

Other income, net for the three months ended March 31, 2014 was $0.6 million compared to other expense, net of $0.7 million for the prior year quarter. The increase was primarily due to favorable currency exchange rate gains of $1.4 million.

Other expense, net for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 was $0.9 million compared to $0.5 million for the prior year quarter. The increase was primarily due to unfavorable currency exchange rate losses of $0.4 million, partially offset by higher interest income.

INCOME TAXES
The effective income tax rate for the three months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was 24.1 percent and 18.5 percent, respectively. The increase was primarily driven by the impact of the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012 that was enacted during the prior year quarter, which extended the credit for the increasing research activities.
The effective income tax rate for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 and 2013 was 28.5 percent and 21.7 percent, respectively. The increase was primarily driven by a $7.2 million tax charge incurred in the second quarter related to a change in assertion of a foreign subsidiary's certain undistributed earnings, which are no longer considered permanently reinvested. This change in assertion during the second quarter is related to the repatriation of $57.0 million. All earnings of other non U.S. subsidiaries are indefinitely reinvested and no deferred taxes have been provided on those earnings. This tax charge was partially offset by a lower relative U.S. current year earnings contribution.

BUSINESS SEGMENT REVIEW

We operate two reportable segments consisting of Industrial and Infrastructure. Expenses that are not allocated are reported in Corporate. Segment determination is based upon internal organizational structure, the manner in which we organize segments for making operating decisions and assessing performance, the availability of separate financial results and materiality considerations.


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Amounts for the three and nine months ended March 31, 2013 have been restated to reflect the enhanced operating structure as of July 1, 2013.
INDUSTRIAL
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

Sales
$
399,669

 
$
352,793

 
$
1,108,546

 
$
1,023,994

Operating income
51,403

 
51,173

 
124,441

 
131,177


For the three months ended March 31, 2014, Industrial sales increased by 13 percent due to 8 percent growth related to the TMB acquisition, 5 percent organic growth and a 1 percent increase from more business days, partially offset by a 1 percent decrease from unfavorable currency exchange. Excluding TMB, sales increased by 8 percent in general engineering and 5 percent in transportation, while aerospace and defense decreased by 3 percent. General engineering increased due to continued demand from distribution channels and the transportation market benefited from increased demand in the light vehicle markets world-wide. Sales increased in all geographies. On a regional basis, excluding TMB, sales increased by approximately 11 percent in Asia, 9 percent in Europe and 1 percent in the Americas. The Americas sales were dampened by the weather impacts in North America. The sales increase in Asia was driven by the growth in general engineering, while the transportation end market remained relatively flat as compared to the prior year quarter. The sales increase in Europe was primarily driven by the performance in transportation and the general engineering end markets, partially offset by the decline in the aerospace and defense end market. The sales increase in the Americas was primarily driven by the performance in the general engineering end market, partially offset by the decline in the transportation end market.

For the three months ended March 31, 2014, Industrial operating income increased by $0.2 million. Industrial operating
income remained relatively flat, despite the dilutive effects of TMB purchase accounting of $6.7 million, acquisition-related charges of $1.0 million and restructuring and related charges of $1.6 million. Industrial operating margin was 12.9 percent compared with 14.5 percent in the prior year.

For the nine months ended March 31, 2014, Industrial sales increased by 8 percent due to 4 percent growth related to acquisitions, 3 percent organic growth and 1 percent due to more business days. Excluding TMB, sales increased by 8 percent in general engineering, 7 percent in transportation and 1 percent in aerospace and defense. General engineering increased due to improvements in production and overall demand for machinery and demand from distribution channels and the transportation market benefited from increased demand in the light vehicle markets world-wide. On a regional basis, excluding TMB, sales increased by approximately 7 percent in Asia, 6 percent in Europe and 1 percent in the Americas. The Americas sales were dampened by the weather impacts in North America. The sales increase in Asia was primarily driven by the performance in the general engineering and aerospace and defense end markets, partially offset by a decline in the transportation end market. The sales increase in Europe was primarily driven by the performance in the transportation and general engineering end markets, slightly offset by performance in aerospace and defense end markets. The sales increase in the Americas was primarily driven by the performance in the general engineering and transportation end markets, while aerospace and defense remained relatively flat.

For the nine months ended March 31, 2014, Industrial operating income decreased by $6.7 million. Industrial operating
income decreased due to the results of the TMB acquisition and related charges of $14.1 million, partially offset by increased sales volume. Industrial operating margin was 11.2 percent compared with 12.8 percent in the prior year.

INFRASTRUCTURE 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

Sales
$
355,573

 
$
302,567

 
$
956,440

 
$
893,969

Operating income
28,012

 
26,120

 
68,305

 
81,623



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For the three months ended March 31, 2014, Infrastructure sales increased by 18 percent, driven by 16 percent growth related to the TMB acquisition and a 3 percent increase from more business days, partially offset by a 1 percent decrease from unfavorable currency exchange. Organic growth was flat. Excluding TMB, sales increased by 9 percent in energy, partially offset by a 6 percent decrease in earthworks. Energy sales continued to improve year over year reflecting improving demand in oil and gas drilling activity in the U.S., coupled with continued gains in production, completion and process applications. Earthworks sales decreased due to persistently weak underground coal and surface mining markets in the U.S. and China. On a regional basis, excluding TMB, sales grew by 4 percent in Europe and 3 percent in the Americas, partially offset by a 9 percent decline in Asia. The Americas sales were dampened by the weather impacts in North America. The sales increase in Europe was driven primarily by the performance in the energy end market, partially offset by a decline in the earthworks end market. The sales increase in the Americas was driven primarily by the performance in the energy end market. The sales decrease in Asia was driven primarily by the decline in the earthworks end market, slightly offset by the performance in the energy end markets.

For the three months ended March 31, 2014, Infrastructure operating income increased by $1.9 million. Infrastructure operating income remained relatively flat, despite the dilutive effects of TMB purchase accounting of $4.9 million, acquisition-related charges of $1.5 million and restructuring and related charges of $1.2 million. Infrastructure operating margin was 7.9 percent compared with 8.6 percent in the prior year.

For the nine months ended March 31, 2014, Infrastructure sales increased by 7 percent, driven by 9 percent growth related to the TMB acquisition and a 1 percent favorable impact from more business days, partially offset by a 2 percent organic decline and a 1 percent decrease from unfavorable currency exchange. Excluding TMB, sales increased by 3 percent in energy, offset by a 5 percent decrease in earthworks. Earthworks sales decreased due to persistently weak underground coal mining and surface markets in China and the U.S. Energy sales improved year over year reflecting improving demand in oil and gas drilling activity in the U.S., coupled with continued gains in production, completion and process applications. On a regional basis, excluding TMB, sales grew 5 percent in Europe and declined by 6 percent in Asia and 3 percent in the Americas. The Americas sales were dampened by the weather impacts in North America. The sales increase in Europe was driven primarily by the performance in the energy end markets. The sales decrease in Asia was driven primarily by the decline in the earthworks end market. The sales decrease in the Americas was driven by both the decline in the energy and earthworks end markets.

For the nine months ended March 31, 2014, Infrastructure operating income decreased by $13.3 million. Infrastructure operating income decreased due to the results of TMB acquisition and related charges of $7.2 million and a non recurring physical inventory adjustment of $5.7 million related to our mining business. Infrastructure operating margin was 7.1 percent compared with 9.1 percent in the prior year.

The Company is currently exploring strategic alternatives for a portion of its Infrastructure business, which has an estimated net book value of approximately $39.0 million as of March 31, 2014.  As the evaluation is not yet complete, the Company cannot determine if an impairment loss is either probable or estimable.  

CORPORATE 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
Nine Months Ended
March 31,
(in thousands)
2014

 
2013

 
2014

 
2013

Corporate unallocated expense
$
(2,585
)
 
$
(2,320
)
 
$
(7,370
)
 
$
(6,978
)

For the three and nine months ended March 31, 2014, Corporate unallocated expense remained relatively flat compared to prior year period.

LIQUIDITY AND CAPITAL RESOURCES

Cash flow from operations and borrowings against our five-year, multi-currency, revolving credit facility (2011 Credit Agreement) are the primary sources of funding for capital expenditures and internal growth. Year to date March 31, 2014, cash flow provided by operating activities was $153.2 million, driven by our operating performance, and we had outstanding borrowings on our 2011 Credit Agreement of $338.7 million, primarily used to fund the acquisition of TMB.
 

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The 2011 Credit Agreement is used to augment cash from operations and as an additional source of funds. The 2011 Credit Agreement permits revolving credit loans of up to $600.0 million for working capital, capital expenditures and general corporate purposes. The 2011 Credit Agreement allows for borrowings in U.S. dollars, euro, Canadian dollars, pound sterling and Japanese yen. Interest payable under the 2011 Credit Agreement is based upon the type of borrowing under the facility and may be (1) LIBOR plus an applicable margin, (2) the greater of the prime rate or the Federal Funds effective rate plus an applicable margin, or (3) fixed as negotiated by us. The 2011 Credit Agreement matures in April 2018.

The 2011 Credit Agreement requires us to comply with various restrictive and affirmative covenants, including two financial covenants: a maximum leverage ratio and a minimum consolidated interest coverage ratio (as those terms are defined in the agreement). We were in compliance with all covenants as of March 31, 2014. For the nine months ended March 31, 2014, average daily borrowings outstanding under the 2011 Credit Agreement were approximately $221.9 million. Borrowings under the 2011 Credit Agreement are guaranteed by our significant domestic subsidiaries.

Other than the repatriation of $57.0 million discussed in Note 14 set forth in Part I Item 1 of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, we consider the unremitted earnings of our non-U.S. subsidiaries that have not previously been taxed in the U.S. to be permanently reinvested. As of March 31, 2014, cash and cash equivalents of $159.2 million and short-term intercompany advances made by our foreign subsidiaries to our U.S. parent of $25.3 million would not be available for use in the U.S. on a long term basis, without incurring U.S. federal and state income tax consequences. We have not, nor do we anticipate the need to, repatriate funds to the U.S. to satisfy domestic liquidity needs arising in the ordinary course of business, including liquidity needs associated with our domestic debt service requirements.

At March 31, 2014, cash and cash equivalents were $161.8 million, total debt was $1,135.6 million and total Kennametal Shareowners' equity was $1,901.8 million. Our current senior credit ratings are at investment grade levels. We believe that our current financial position, liquidity and credit ratings provide access to the capital markets. We continue to closely monitor our liquidity position and the condition of the capital markets, as well as the counterparty risk of our credit providers.

There have been no material changes in our contractual obligations and commitments since June 30, 2013.
Cash Flow Provided by Operating Activities
During the nine months ended March 31, 2014, cash flow provided by operating activities was $153.2 million, compared to $150.4 million for the prior year period. Cash flow provided by operating activities for the current year period consisted of net income and non-cash items amounting to an inflow of $237.5 million, partially offset by changes in certain assets and liabilities netting to an outflow of $84.3 million. The primary drivers of the changes in certain assets and liabilities were an increase in accounts receivable of $35.8 million mainly due to higher sales, an increase in inventory of $34.8 million primarily driven by higher work in process and finished goods inventory and a decrease in other of $11.0 million.

During the nine months ended March 31, 2013, cash flow provided by operating activities consisted of net income and non-cash items amounting to an inflow of $259.4 million, partially offset by changes in certain assets and liabilities netting to an outflow of $109.0 million. Contributing to the changes in certain assets and liabilities was a decrease in accounts payable and accrued liabilities of $132.2 million primarily driven by lower accounts payable, lower accrued payroll and payment of $19.0 million of incentive compensation and a decrease in accrued income taxes of $29.5 million, offset by a decrease in accounts receivable of $37.6 million due to lower sales volume, a decrease in inventory of $9.2 million primarily driven by our inventory reduction initiatives and an increase in other of $5.9 million.
Cash Flow Used for Investing Activities
Cash flow used for investing activities was $719.6 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2014, compared to
$52.2 million in the prior year period. During the current year period, cash flow used for investing activities included $634.6 million used for acquisitions, primarily TMB of $607.0 million and two other acquisitions in the Infrastructure segment. Capital expenditures, net were $85.0 million, which consisted primarily of equipment upgrades.

For the nine months ended March 31, 2013, cash flow used for investing activities included capital expenditures, net of $52.0 million, which consisted primarily of equipment upgrades.

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Cash Flow Provided by Financing Activities
Cash flow provided by financing activities was $350.3 million for the nine months ended March 31, 2014 compared to $106.4 million in the prior year period. During the current year period, cash flow provided by financing activities primarily included $385.9 million net increase in borrowings and $21.5 million of dividend reinvestment and the effect of employee benefit and stock plans. These cash flows were partially offset by $42.3 million of cash dividends paid to Shareowners and $14.1 million used for the purchase of capital stock.

During the nine months ended March 31, 2013, cash flow provided by financing activities included $186.1 million net increase in borrowings which included $3.7 million of borrowings outstanding on our revolving credit facility, $26.7 million from the sale of capital stock in a subsidiary in India and $13.3 million of dividend reinvestment and the effect of employee benefit and stock plans. These cash flows were offset by $78.5 million used for the purchase of capital stock and $38.4 million of cash dividends paid to Shareowners.