Form 10-K

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 

 

FORM 10-K

(Mark One)

x Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the fiscal year ended December 31, 2011

OR

 

¨ Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934

For the transition period from             to

Commission File Number 1-33146

 

 

KBR, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware   20-4536774

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

601 Jefferson Street Suite 3400

Houston, Texas 77002

(Address of principal executive offices)

Telephone Number—Area code (713) 753-3011

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Title of each class

 

Name of each Exchange on which registered

Common Stock par value $0.001 per share   New York Stock Exchange

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

 

 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.     Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).     Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.    ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large accelerated filer   x    Accelerated filer   ¨
Non-accelerated filer   ¨  (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)    Smaller reporting company   ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).     Yes  ¨    No  x

The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates on June 30, 2011, was approximately $5.7 billion, determined using the closing price of shares of common stock on the New York Stock Exchange on that date of $37.69.

As of January 31, 2012, there were 148,026,670 shares of KBR, Inc. Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share, outstanding.

 

 

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the KBR, Inc. Company Proxy Statement for our 2012 Annual Meeting of Stockholders are incorporated by reference into Part III of this report.

 

 

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

     Page  
PART I   

Item 1. Business

     4   

Item 1A. Risk Factors

     11   

Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

     21   

Item 2. Properties

     21   

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

     21   

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

     21   

PART II

  

Item  5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

     22   

Item 6. Selected Financial Data

     24   

Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

     25   

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

     57   

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

     57   

Item 9. Changes In and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

     110   

Item 9A. Controls and Procedures

     110   

Item 9B. Other Information

     112   

FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

  

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

     58   

Consolidated Statements of Income

     59   

Consolidated Balance Sheets

     60   

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

     61   

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

     62   

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

     63   

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

     64   

PART III

  

Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

     112   

Item 11. Executive Compensation

     112   

Item  12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

     112   

Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

     112   

Item 14. Principal Accounting Fees and Services

     112   
PART IV   

Item 15. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

     112   
SIGNATURES      118   

 

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Forward-Looking and Cautionary Statements

This report contains certain statements that are, or may be deemed to be, “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 provides safe harbor provisions for forward looking information. Some of the statements contained in this annual report are forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact are, or may be deemed to be, forward-looking statements. The words “believe,” “may,” “estimate,” “continue,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “plan,” “expect” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. Forward-looking statements include information concerning our possible or assumed future financial performance and results of operations.

We have based these statements on our assumptions and analyses in light of our experience and perception of historical trends, current conditions, expected future developments and other factors we believe are appropriate in the circumstances. Forward-looking statements by their nature involve substantial risks and uncertainties that could significantly affect expected results, and actual future results could differ materially from those described in such statements. While it is not possible to identify all factors, factors that could cause actual future results to differ materially include the risks and uncertainties described under “Risk Factors” contained in Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

Many of these factors are beyond our ability to control or predict. Any of these factors, or a combination of these factors, could materially and adversely affect our future financial condition or results of operations and the ultimate accuracy of the forward-looking statements. These forward-looking statements are not guarantees of our future performance, and our actual results and future developments may differ materially and adversely from those projected in the forward-looking statements. We caution against putting undue reliance on forward-looking statements or projecting any future results based on such statements or on present or prior earnings levels. In addition, each forward-looking statement speaks only as of the date of the particular statement, and we undertake no obligation to publicly update or revise any forward-looking statement.

 

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PART I

 

Item 1. Business

General

KBR, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, “KBR”) is a global engineering, construction and services company supporting the energy, hydrocarbons, government services, minerals, civil infrastructure , power, industrial and commercial markets. We offer a wide range of services through our Hydrocarbons, Infrastructure, Government and Power (“IGP”), Services and Other groups. Information regarding segment disclosures are incorporated by reference in Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

KBR, Inc. was incorporated in Delaware on March 21, 2006 prior to an exchange offer transaction that separated us from our prior parent, Halliburton Company, which was completed on April 5, 2007. We trace our history and culture to two businesses, The M.W. Kellogg Company (Kellogg) and Brown & Root, Inc. (Brown & Root). Kellogg dates back to a pipe fabrication business which was founded in New York in 1901 and has been creating technology for petroleum refining and petrochemicals processing since 1919. Brown & Root was founded in Houston, Texas in 1919 and built the world’s first offshore platform in 1947. Brown & Root was acquired by Halliburton in 1962 and Kellogg was acquired by Halliburton in 1998 through its merger with Dresser Industries.

Our Business Groups and Business Units

We operate in four business groups which are consistent with our segment reporting under Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 280 – Segment Reporting: Hydrocarbons; IGP; Services; and Other as described below.

Hydrocarbons. Our Hydrocarbons business group serves the Hydrocarbon industry by providing services ranging from prefeasibility studies to front-end engineering design (“FEED”), and construction to commissioning of process facilities in remote locations around the world. We are involved in hydrocarbon processing which includes constructing liquefied natural gas (“LNG”) plants in several countries. Our global teams of engineers also execute and provide solutions for projects in the oil and gas, olefins, refining, petrochemical, biofuels and carbon capture markets. The Hydrocarbons business group is comprised of the Gas Monetization, Oil & Gas, Downstream, and Technology business units.

Gas Monetization business unit – Our Gas Monetization business unit designs and constructs facilities that enable our customers to monetize their natural gas resources. We design and build LNG and gas-to-liquids (“GTL”) facilities that allow for the economical development and transportation of resources across the globe. Additionally, we make significant contributions in gas processing development, equipment design and innovative construction methods.

Oil & Gas business unit – Our Oil & Gas business unit delivers onshore and offshore oil and natural gas production facilities which include platforms, floating production and subsea facilities, and pipelines. We also provide specialty consulting services which include field development studies and planning, structural integrity management, and proprietary designs for ship and semi-submersible hulls.

Downstream business unit – Our Downstream business unit serves clients in the petrochemical, refining, chemicals, biofuels and syngas markets throughout the world. We leverage our differentiated process technologies, but also execute projects and complexes using non-KBR technologies. Our success is based on delivering value over the lifecycle of projects in the hydrocarbon market.

Technology business unit – Our Technology business unit offers highly efficient, differentiated proprietary process technologies for the coal monetization, petrochemical, refining and syngas markets. In addition to offering technology licenses, we partner with our Downstream business unit on project management and engineering, procurement and construction (“EPC”) projects to provide fully integrated solutions worldwide.

Infrastructure, Government & Power. Our IGP business group serves the Infrastructure, Government & Power industries delivering effective solutions to industrial commercial, defense and governmental agencies worldwide, providing base operations, facilities management, border security, EPC services, and logistics support. We also provide project management, construction management, design and support services for an array of complex infrastructure initiatives including aviation, road, rail, maritime, water, waste water, building, and pipeline projects. For the industrial manufacturing market, we provide a full range of pre-FEED, FEED and EPC services to a variety of heavy industrial and advanced manufacturing markets, frequently employing our clients’ proprietary knowledge and technologies in strategically critical projects. For the power

 

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market, we use our full-scope EPC expertise to execute projects which play a distinctive role in increasing the world’s power generation capacity from multiple fuel sources and in enhancing the efficiency and environmental compliance of existing power facilities. The IGP business group includes the North American Government and Logistics (“NAGL” , formerly North American Government and Defense), International Government, Defence and Support Services (“IGDSS” , formerly International Government and Defence), Infrastructure and Minerals (“I&M”), and the Power and Industrial (“P&I”) business units.

North American Government and Logistics business unit – Our NAGL business unit offers operations, maintenance, and logistics support in both contingency and sustainment environments as well as construction and design or build services to the United States Department of Defense (“DoD”) and Department of State (“DoS”) and other federal government agencies.

International Government, Defence and Support Services business unit – Our IGDSS business unit supports armed forces and government departments around the world by providing logistics and field support, operations and maintenance of camps and bases, program and project management, construction management, training, visualization software and engineering and support services. We provide services to government departments in the United Kingdom (“U.K.”), Europe, Middle East and Australia.

Infrastructure & Minerals business unit – Our I&M business unit provides engineering, construction and project management services across the world on complex infrastructure projects. The I&M business unit provides global focus and leadership in four key markets – mining & minerals; transport (aviation, ports, rail and roads); water; and facilities (includes buildings and pipelines.)

Power & Industrial business unit – Our P&I business unit provides full-scope EPC services for the industrial and power markets globally. Within the Industrial product line, we serve clients in the forest products, manufacturing, technology, life sciences, consumer products, metals and materials sectors. Within the Power product line, we deliver fossil fuel and renewable power generation projects, plant re-powering projects and emissions control projects for customers that include regulated utilities, power cooperatives, municipalities, independent power producers and industrial cogeneration providers.

Services. Our Services business group delivers full-scope construction, construction management, fabrication, operations/ maintenance, commissioning/startup and turnaround expertise worldwide to a broad variety of markets including oil and gas, petrochemicals and hydrocarbon processing, oil sands, mining, power, alternate energy, pulp and paper, industrial and manufacturing, and consumer product industries. Specifically, Services is organized around four major product lines; U.S. Construction, Industrial Services, Building Group and Canada Operations.

Our U.S. Construction product line delivers direct hire construction and construction management for stand-alone construction projects to a variety of markets and works closely with the Hydrocarbons group and Power and Industrial business units to provide construction execution support on all domestic EPC projects.

Our Industrial Services product line is a diversified maintenance organization operating on a global basis providing maintenance, on-call construction, turnaround and specialty services to a variety of markets. This group works with our other business units to identify potential for pull through opportunities and to identify upcoming EPC projects at the 94 locations where we have embedded KBR personnel.

Our Building Group product line provides commercial general contractor services to education, food and beverage, manufacturing, health care, hospitality and entertainment, life science and technology, and mixed-use building clients.

Our Canada Operations product line is a diversified construction and fabrication operation providing direct hire construction, construction management, module assembly, fabrication and maintenance services to our Canadian customers. This product line serves a number of markets including oil and gas customers operating in the oil sands, pulp and paper, mining, and industrial markets.

Other. Included in Other is the Ventures business unit and other operations. The Ventures business unit invests KBR equity alongside clients’ equity in projects where one or more of KBR’s other business units has a direct role in technology supply, engineering, construction, construction management or operations and maintenance. Project equity investments under current management include defense equipment and housing, toll roads and petrochemicals.

In addition to the Ventures business unit, other business operations are reported in our Other group including the Allstates staffing business acquired in the BE&K, Inc. (“BE&K”) acquisition in 2008, our engineering resource operations and other operations that do not individually meet the criteria for group presentation under ASC 280.

 

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Our Business Strategy

Our business strategy is to create shareholder value by providing our customers differentiated capital project delivery and services offerings across the entire engineering, construction and operations project lifecycle as a vertically integrated global contractor. We execute our business strategy on a global scale delivering consistent, predictable results in all markets where we operate. An essential feature of our global strategy is to establish local operations in market geographies where demand for our services is expected to grow. Our core skills are conceptual design, FEED (front-end engineering design), engineering, project management, procurement, construction, construction management, logistics, commissioning, operations and maintenance. We will complement organic growth by pursuing targeted acquisitions that focus on expanding our capabilities and market coverage or accelerating business growth strategies. Key features of our business unit strategies include:

 

   

The Hydrocarbons business group will build on our world-class strength and experience with hydrocarbon processing projects and seek to expand our footprint in both offshore and onshore oil and gas services. Our business will grow by utilizing our leading technology and execution excellence to provide high value process facilities to customers. Our Technology business unit will expand its portfolio of differentiated process technologies and associated service, proprietary equipment and catalyst offerings and deliver through an expanded global platform.

 

   

The Infrastructure, Government & Power business group will broaden our commercial, government operations, EPC logistics, construction and maintenance services internationally. We will apply our design, project management and construction skills to infrastructure, industrial, mining, minerals and power markets utilizing the same global delivery platform already in place for Hydrocarbons. In 2012, we intend to report the Infrastructure and Minerals business units separately.

 

   

The Services business group will capitalize on our brand reputation and core competencies to expand our direct hire construction, general contracting and industrial services operations both domestically and internationally with focus on safe operations and high value predictable outcomes.

 

   

The Ventures business unit will invest alongside our clients in selected projects to both earn a return on our capital and secure capital projects for our business units to design, build and service.

Competition and Scope of Global Operations

We operate in highly competitive markets throughout the world. The principal methods of competition with respect to sales of our capital project and service offerings include:

 

   

customer relationships;

 

   

successful prior execution of large projects in difficult locations;

 

   

technical excellence and differentiation;

 

   

high value in delivered projects and services measured by performance, quality, operability and cost;

 

   

service delivery, including the ability to deliver personnel, processes, systems and technology on an “as needed, where needed and when needed” basis with the required local content and presence;

 

   

consistent superior service quality;

 

   

market leading health, safety, and environmental standards and sustainable practices;

 

   

financial strength through liquidity and capital capacity and the ability to support warranties;

 

   

breadth of proprietary technology and technical sophistication; and

 

   

robust risk awareness and management processes.

We conduct business in over 70 countries. Based on the location of services provided, our operations in countries other than the United States accounted for 78% of our consolidated revenue during 2011 and 79% of our consolidated revenue during both 2010 and 2009. Revenue from our operations in Iraq, primarily related to our work for the U.S. government, was 21% of our consolidated revenue in 2011, 29% of our consolidated revenue in 2010 and 35% of our consolidated revenue in 2009. See Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements for selected geographic information.

 

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We market substantially all of our capital project and service offerings through our business units. We have many substantial competitors in the markets that we serve. The companies competing in the markets that we serve include but are not limited to AMEC, Bechtel Corporation, CH2M Hill Companies Ltd., Chicago Bridge and Iron Co., N.V., Chiyoda, Fluor Corporation, Foster Wheeler Ltd., Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc., JGC Corp, John Wood Group PLC, McDermott International, Petrofac PLC, Saipem S.PA., Shaw Group, Inc., Technip, URS Corporation, Aecom Technology Corporation and Worley Parsons Ltd. Since the markets for our services are vast and extends across multiple geographic regions, we cannot make a meaningful estimate of the total number of our competitors.

Our operations in some countries may be adversely affected by unsettled political conditions, acts of terrorism, civil unrest, force majeure, war or other armed conflict, expropriation or other governmental actions, inflation, exchange controls and currency fluctuations. We strive to manage or mitigate these risks through a variety of means including contract provisions, contingency planning, insurance schemes, hedging, and other risk management activities. Please read “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Financial Instruments Market Risk,” “Risk Factors – International and political events may adversely affect our operations,” and Note 14 to our consolidated financial statements for information regarding our exposures to foreign currency fluctuations, risk concentration, and financial instruments used to manage our risks.

Recent Significant Acquisitions and Other Transactions

On December 31, 2010, we obtained control of the remaining 44.94% interest in our M.W. Kellogg Limited (“MWKL”) consolidated joint venture previously held by JGC Corporation. MWKL is located in the U.K. and provides EPC services primarily for LNG, GTL and onshore oil and gas projects. MWKL will continue to support our LNG and other Hydrocarbons projects.

On December 21, 2010, we completed the acquisition of 100% of the outstanding common shares of ENI Holdings, Inc. (“ENI”). ENI is the parent to the Roberts & Schaefer Company (“R&S”), a privately held, EPC services company for material handling systems. Headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, R&S provides services and associated processing infrastructure to customers in the mining and minerals, power, industrial, refining, aggregates, precious and base metals industries. ENI and its acquired businesses have been integrated into our IGP business group.

On April 5, 2010, we acquired 100% of the outstanding common stock of Houston-based Energo Engineering (“Energo”) which provides Integrity Management (IM) and advanced structural engineering services to the offshore oil and gas industry. Energo’s results of operations were integrated into our Hydrocarbons business group.

In January 2010, we entered into a collaboration agreement with BP p.l.c. to market and license certain technology. In conjunction with this arrangement, we acquired a 25-year license granting us the exclusive right to the technology. The activity associated with this arrangement is integrated into our Hydrocarbons business group.

See Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements for further discussion of our recent acquisitions.

Joint Ventures and Alliances

We enter into joint ventures and alliances with other industry participants in order to reduce and diversify risk, increase the number of opportunities that can be pursued, capitalize on the strengths of each party, expand or create the relationships of each party with different potential customers, and allow for greater flexibility in delivering our services based on cost and geographical efficiency. Several of our significant joint ventures and alliances are described below. All joint venture ownership percentages presented are as of December 31, 2011.

Kellogg Joint Venture (“KJV”) is a joint venture consisting of JGC Corporation, Hatch Associates PTY LTD (“Hatch”), Clough Projects Australia PTY LTD (“Clough”) and KBR for the purpose of design, procurement, fabrication, construction, commissioning and testing of the Gorgon Downstream LNG Project located on Barrow Island off the northwest coast of Western Australia. We hold a 30% interest in the joint venture which is consolidated for financial accounting purposes and it is reported in our Hydrocarbons business group.

 

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Aspire Defence Holdings Limited (“Aspire Defence”) – Allenby & Connaught is a joint venture between us, Carillion Private Finance Limited and two financial investors formed to contract with the U.K. Ministry of Defence (“MoD”) to upgrade and provide a range of services to the British Army’s garrisons at Aldershot and around the Salisbury Plain in the United Kingdom. We own a 45% interest in Aspire Defence which is reported in our Ventures business unit that is included in our Other group. In addition, we own a 50% interest in each of the two joint ventures within our IGP group that provide the construction and related support services to Aspire Defence. We account for our investments in these entities using the equity method of accounting.

Mantenimiento Marino de Mexico (“MMM”) is a joint venture formed under a Partners Agreement with Grupo R affiliated entities. The principal Grupo R entity is Corporative Grupo R, S.A. de C.V. and Discoverer ASA, Ltd., a Cayman Islands company. The Partners’ Agreement covers five joint venture entities executing Mexican contracts with PEMEX. The MMM joint venture was set up under Mexican maritime law in order to hold navigation permits to operate in Mexican waters. The scope of the business is to render services of maintenance, repair and restoration of offshore oil and gas platforms and provisions of quartering in the territorial waters of Mexico. We own a 50% interest in MMM and in each of the four other joint ventures. We account for our investment in these entities using the equity method of accounting and it is reported in our Services business group.

Backlog

Backlog represents the dollar amount of revenue we expect to realize in the future as a result of performing work on contracts awarded and in progress. Our backlog was $10.9 billion and $12.0 billion at December 31, 2011 and 2010, respectively. We estimate that as of December 31, 2011, 59% of our backlog will be recognized as revenue within one year. All backlog is attributable to firm orders at December 31, 2011 and December 31, 2010. For additional information regarding backlog see our discussion within “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

Contracts

Our contracts are broadly categorized as either cost-reimbursable or fixed-price, although both categories contain a portion of “hybrid” contracts containing both cost-reimbursable and fixed-price scope.

Fixed-price contracts are for a fixed sum to cover all costs and any profit element for a defined scope of work. Fixed-price contracts entail more risk to us because they require us to predetermine both the quantities of work to be performed and the costs associated with executing the work. Although fixed-price contracts involve greater risk than cost-reimbursable contracts, they also are potentially more profitable since the owner/customer pays a premium to transfer project risks to us.

Cost-reimbursable contracts include contracts where the price is variable based upon our actual costs incurred for time and materials, or for variable quantities of work priced at defined unit rates, including reimbursable labor hour contracts. Profit on cost-reimbursable contracts may be a fixed amount, a mark-up applied to costs incurred, or a combination of the two. Cost reimbursable contracts are generally less risky than fixed-price contracts because the owner/customer retains many of the project risks.

Our IGP business group provides substantial work under cost-reimbursable contracts with the DoD and other governmental agencies which are generally subject to applicable statutes and regulations. If the Government finds that we improperly charged any costs to a contract under the terms of the contract or applicable Federal Procurement Regulations, these costs are potentially not reimbursable or, if already reimbursed, we may be required to refund the costs to the customer. Such conditions may also include financial penalties. If performance issues arise under any of our government contracts, the government retains the right to pursue remedies, which could include termination under any affected contract. Furthermore, the government has the contractual right to terminate or reduce the amount of work under our contracts at any time. See “Risk Factors – Our U.S. government contracts work is regularly reviewed and audited by our customer, U.S. government auditors and others, and these reviews can lead to withholding or delay of payments to us, non-receipt of award fees, legal actions, fines, penalties and liabilities and other remedies against us.”

 

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Significant Customers

We provide services to a diverse customer base, including international and national oil and gas companies, independent refiners, petrochemical producers, fertilizer producers and domestic and foreign governments. Revenue from the United States government, which was derived almost entirely from our IGP business group, totaled $2.2 billion, or 24% of consolidated revenue, in 2011, $3.3 billion, or 32% of consolidated revenue, in 2010, and $5.2 billion, or 43% of consolidated revenue, in 2009. Revenue from the Chevron Corporation, which was derived almost entirely from our Hydrocarbons business group, totaled $2.0 billion, or 22% of consolidated revenue, in 2011, $1.8 billion, or 18% of consolidated revenue, in 2010, and $1.4 billion or 11%, of consolidated revenue, in 2009. No other customers represented 10% or more of consolidated revenues in any of the periods presented.

Raw Materials

Equipment and materials essential to our business are available from worldwide sources. The principal equipment and materials we use in our business are subject to availability and pricing fluctuations due to customer demand, producer capacity and market conditions. We monitor the availability and pricing of equipment and materials on a regular basis. Our procurement department actively leverages our size and buying power to ensure that we have access to key equipment and materials at the best possible prices and delivery schedule. While we do not currently foresee any significant lack of availability of equipment and materials in the near term, the availability of these items may vary significantly from year to year and any prolonged unavailability or significant price increases for equipment and materials necessary to our projects and services could have a material adverse effect on our business. Please read, “Risk Factors— The nature of our contracts, particularly those that are fixed-price, subject us to risks associated with cost over-runs, operating cost inflation and potential claims for liquidated damages.” and Risk Factors—Current or future economic conditions in the credit markets may negatively affect ability to operate our or our customers’ businesses, finance working capital, implement our acquisition strategy, and access our cash and short-term investments.”

Intellectual Property

We have developed or otherwise have the right to license leading technologies, including technologies held under license from third parties, used for the production of a variety of petrochemicals and chemicals and in the areas of olefins, refining, fertilizers and semi-submersible technology. We also license a variety of technologies for the transformation of raw materials into commodity chemicals such as phenol and aniline used in the production of consumer end-products. We are a licensor of ammonia process technologies used in the conversion of synthetic gas to ammonia. We believe our technology portfolio and experience in the commercial application of these technologies and related know-how differentiates us from other contractors, enhances our margins and encourages customers to utilize our broad range of engineering, procurement, construction and construction services (“EPC-CS”) services.

Our rights to make use of technologies licensed to us are governed by written agreements of varying durations, including some with fixed terms that are subject to renewal based on mutual agreement. Generally, each agreement may be further extended and we have historically been able to renew existing agreements before they expire. We expect these and other similar agreements to be extended so long as it is mutually advantageous to both parties at the time of renewal. For technologies we own, we protect our rights through patents and confidentiality agreements to protect our know-how and trade secrets. Our expenditures for research and development activities were immaterial in each of the past three fiscal years.

Seasonality

On an overall basis, our operations are not generally affected by seasonality. Weather and natural phenomena can temporarily affect the performance of our services, but the widespread geographic scope of our operations mitigates those effects.

Employees

As of December 31, 2011, we had approximately 27,000 employees, of which approximately 13% were subject to collective bargaining agreements. Based upon the geographic diversification of our employees, we believe any risk of loss from employee strikes or other collective actions would not be material to the conduct of our operations taken as a whole. We believe that our employee relations are good.

 

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Health and Safety

We are subject to numerous health and safety laws and regulations. In the United States, these laws and regulations include: the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Act and comparable state legislation, the Mine Safety and Health Administration laws, and safety requirements of the Departments of State, Defense, Energy and Transportation. We are also subject to similar requirements in other countries in which we have extensive operations, including the United Kingdom where we are subject to the various regulations enacted by the Health and Safety Act of 1974.

These laws and regulations are frequently changing, and it is impossible to predict the effect of such laws and regulations on us in the future. We actively seek to maintain a safe, healthy and environmentally friendly work place for all of our employees and those who work with us. However, we provide some of our services in high-risk locations and, as a result, we may incur substantial costs to maintain the safety of our personnel.

Environmental Regulation

We are subject to numerous environmental, legal, and regulatory requirements related to our operations worldwide. In the United States, these laws and regulations include, among others: the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act; the Resources Conservation and Recovery Act; the Clean Air Act; the Federal Water Pollution Control Act; and the Toxic Substances Control Act. In addition to federal and state laws and regulations, other countries where we do business often have numerous environmental regulatory requirements by which we must abide in the normal course of our operations. These requirements apply to our business groups where we perform construction and industrial maintenance services or operate and maintain facilities.

We continue to monitor conditions at sites owned or previously owned and until further information is available, we are only able to estimate a possible range of remediation costs. These locations were primarily utilized for manufacturing or fabrication work and are no longer in operation. The use of these facilities created various environmental issues including deposits of metals, volatile and semi-volatile compounds, and hydrocarbons impacting surface and subsurface soils and groundwater. The range of remediation costs could change depending on our ongoing site analysis and the timing and techniques used to implement remediation activities. We do not expect costs related to environmental matters will have a material adverse effect on our consolidated financial position or results of operations. Based on the information presently available to us, we have accrued approximately $7 million for the assessment and remediation costs associated with all environmental matters, which represents the low end of the range of estimated possible costs that could be as much as $11 million. See Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements for more information on environmental matters.

We have been named as a potentially responsible party (“PRP”) in various clean-up actions taken by federal and state agencies in the U.S. Based on the early stages of these actions, we are unable to determine whether we will ultimately be deemed responsible for any costs associated with these actions.

Existing or pending climate change legislation, regulations, international treaties or accords are not expected to have a material direct effect on our business or the markets that we serve, nor on our results of operations or financial position. However, climate change legislation could have a direct effect on our customers or suppliers, which could have an indirect effect on our business. For example, our commodity-based markets depend on the level of activity of mineral and oil and gas companies, and existing or future laws, regulations, treaties or international agreements related to climate change, including incentives to conserve energy or use alternative energy sources, could have an indirect impact on our business if such laws, regulations, treaties, or international agreements reduce the worldwide demand for minerals, oil and natural gas. We will continue to monitor emerging developments in this area.

Compliance

We are subject to numerous compliance-related laws and regulations, including the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act, the U.K. Bribery Act, other applicable anti-bribery legislation, and laws and regulations regarding trade and exports. We are also governed by our own Code of Business Conduct and other compliance-related corporate policies and procedures that mandate compliance with these laws. Conducting our business with ethics and integrity is a key priority for KBR. Our Code of Business Conduct is a guide for every employee in applying legal and ethical practices to our everyday work. The Code of Business Conduct describes not only our standards of integrity but also some of the specific principles and areas of the law that are most likely to affect our business. We regularly train our employees regarding anti-bribery issues and our Code of Business Conduct.

 

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Website Access

Our annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports filed or furnished pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 are made available free of charge on our internet website at www.kbr.com as soon as reasonably practicable after we have electronically filed the material with, or furnished it to, the SEC. The public may read and copy any materials we have filed with the SEC at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, DC 20549. Information on the operation of the Public Reference Room may be obtained by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains an internet site that contains our reports, proxy and information statements, and our other SEC filings. The address of that site is www.sec.gov. We have posted on our website our Code of Business Conduct, which applies to all of our employees and Directors and serves as a code of ethics for our principal executive officer, principal financial officer, principal accounting officer, and other persons performing similar functions. Any amendments to our Code of Business Conduct or any waivers from provisions of our Code of Business Conduct granted to the specified officers above are disclosed on our website within four business days after the date of any amendment or waiver pertaining to these officers.

 

Item 1A. Risk Factors

Demand for our services depends on demand and capital spending by customers in their target markets, many of which are cyclical in nature.

Demand for many of our services in our commodity-based markets depends on capital spending by oil and natural gas companies, including national and international oil companies, and by industrial, mining and power companies, which is directly affected by trends in oil, natural gas and commodities prices. Capital expenditures for refining and distribution facilities by large oil and gas companies have a significant impact on the activity levels of our businesses. Demand for LNG facilities for which we provide construction services could decrease in the event of a sustained reduction in demand for crude oil or natural gas. Perceptions of longer-term lower oil and natural gas prices by oil and gas companies or longer-term higher material and contractor prices impacting facility costs can similarly reduce or defer major expenditures given the long-term nature of many large-scale projects. Prices for oil, natural gas and commodities are subject to large fluctuations in response to relatively minor changes in supply and demand, market uncertainty, and a variety of other factors that are beyond our control. Factors affecting the prices of oil, natural gas and other commodities include:

 

   

worldwide political, social unrest, military, and economic conditions;

 

   

the level of demand for oil, natural gas, industrial services and power generation;

 

   

governmental regulations or policies, including the policies of governments regarding the use of energy and the exploration for and production and development of their oil and natural gas reserves;

 

   

a reduction in energy demand as a result of energy taxation or a change in consumer spending patterns;

 

   

global economic growth or decline;

 

   

the level of oil production by non-OPEC countries and the available excess production capacity within OPEC;

 

   

global weather conditions and natural disasters;

 

   

oil refining capacity;

 

   

shifts in end-customer preferences toward fuel efficiency and the use of natural gas;

 

   

potential acceleration of the development and expanded use of alternative fuels;

 

   

environmental regulation, including limitations on fossil fuel consumption based on concerns about its relationship to climate change; and

 

   

reduction in demand for the commodity-based markets in which we operate.

Historically, the markets for oil and natural gas have been volatile and are likely to continue to be volatile in the future.

 

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The nature of our contracts, particularly those that are fixed-price, subject us to risks associated with cost over-runs, operating cost inflation and potential claims for liquidated damages.

We conduct our business under various types of contracts where costs are estimated in advance of our performance. Approximately 25% of the value of our backlog is attributable to fixed-price contracts where we bear a significant portion of the risk of cost over-runs. These types of contracts are priced based in part on cost and scheduling estimates which are based on assumptions including prices and availability of labor, equipment and materials as well as productivity, performance and future economic conditions. If these estimates prove inaccurate, there are errors or ambiguities as to contract specifications, or if circumstances change due to, among other things, unanticipated technical problems, difficulties in obtaining permits or approvals, changes in local laws or labor conditions, weather delays, changes in the costs of equipment and materials, or our suppliers’ or subcontractors’ inability to perform, then cost over-runs may occur. We may not be able to obtain compensation for additional work performed or expenses incurred. Additionally, we may be required to pay liquidated damages upon our failure to meet schedule or performance requirements of our contracts. Our failure to accurately estimate the resources and time required for fixed-price contracts or our failure to complete our contractual obligations within the time frame and costs committed could result in reduced profits or, in certain cases, a loss for that contract. If the contract is significant, or we encounter issues that impact multiple contracts, cost over-runs could have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, and results of operations.

The nature of our engineering and construction business exposes us to potential liability claims and contract disputes which may exceed or are excluded from existing insurance coverage.

We engage in engineering and construction activities for large facilities where design, construction or systems failures can result in substantial injury or damage to employees or other third parties exposing us to legal proceedings, investigations and disputes. The nature of our business results in clients, subcontractors and vendors occasionally presenting claims against us for recovery of cost they incurred in excess of what they expected to incur, or for which they believe they are not contractually liable. When it is determined that we have liability, we may not be covered by insurance or, if covered, the dollar amount of these liabilities may exceed our policy limits. Our professional liability coverage is on a “claims-made” basis covering only claims actually made during the policy period currently in effect. In addition, even where insurance is maintained for such exposures, the policies have deductibles resulting in our assuming exposure for a layer of coverage with respect to any such claims. Any liability not covered by our insurance, in excess of our insurance limits or, if covered by insurance but subject to a high deductible, could result in a significant loss for us, which may reduce our profits and cash available for operations.

We occasionally bring claims against project owners for additional cost exceeding the contract price or for amounts not included in the original contract price. These types of claims occur due to matters such as owner-caused delays or changes from the initial project scope, which may result in additional cost, both direct and indirect. Often, these claims can be the subject of lengthy arbitration or litigation proceedings, and it is often difficult to accurately predict when these claims will be fully resolved. When these types of events occur and unresolved claims are pending, we may invest significant working capital in projects to cover cost overruns pending the resolution of the relevant claims. A failure to promptly recover on these types of claims could have a material adverse impact on our liquidity and financial results.

Demand for our services provided under U.S. government contracts are directly affected by spending and capital expenditures by our customers.

We derive a significant portion of our revenue from contracts with agencies and departments of the U.S. government which is directly affected by changes in government spending and availability of adequate funding. Additionally, U.S. government regulations generally include the right for government agencies to modify, delay, curtail, renegotiate or terminate contracts at their convenience any time prior to their completion. We derive a significant amount of revenue from our LogCAP III and IV U.S. government contracts. The current level of government services we provide in the Middle East under our LogCAP contracts is not likely to continue indefinitely and we expect our overall volume of work under these contracts to continue to decline in the future. Factors that could impact current and future U.S. government spending include:

 

   

policy and/or spending changes implemented by the current administration, DoD or other government agencies;

 

   

changes, delays or cancellations of U.S. government programs or requirements;

 

   

adoption of new laws or regulations that affect companies providing services to the U.S. government;

 

   

curtailment of the U.S. governments’ outsourcing of services to private contractors; and

 

   

level of political instability due to war, conflict or natural disasters.

 

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The loss of or a significant decrease in the magnitude of work we perform for the U.S. government in the Middle East or other decreases in governmental spending and outsourcing could have a material adverse effect on our business, results of operations and cash flow.

The U.S. government awards its contracts through a rigorous competitive process and our efforts to obtain future contract awards from the U.S. government may be unsuccessful.

The U.S. government conducts a rigorous competitive process for awarding most contracts. In the services arena, the U.S. government uses multiple contracting approaches. Historically, omnibus contract vehicles, such as LogCAP, have been used for work that is done on a contingency or as-needed basis. In more predictable “sustainment” environments, contracts may include both fixed-price and cost-reimbursable elements. The U.S. government has also recently favored multiple award task order contracts, in which several contractors are selected as eligible bidders for future work. Such processes require successful contractors to continually anticipate customer requirements and develop rapid-response bid and proposal teams as well as have supplier relationships and delivery systems in place to react to emerging needs. We will face rigorous competition and pricing pressures for any additional contract awards from the U.S. government, and we may be required to qualify or continue to qualify under the various multiple award task order contract criteria. It may be more difficult for us to win future awards from the U.S. government and we may have other contractors sharing in any U.S. government awards that we win. In addition, negative publicity regarding findings stemming from Defense Contract Audit Agency (“DCAA”) audits and Congressional investigations may adversely affect our ability to obtain future awards. See “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Analysis – U.S. Government Matters.”

Our U.S. government contract work is regularly reviewed and audited by our customer, U.S. government auditors and others, and these reviews can lead to withholding or delay of payments to us, non-receipt of award fees, legal actions, fines, penalties and liabilities and other remedies against us.

U.S. government contracts are subject to specific regulations such as the Federal Acquisition Regulation (“FAR”), the Truth in Negotiations Act, the Cost Accounting Standards (“CAS”), the Service Contract Act and DoD security regulations. Failure to comply with any of these regulations, requirements or statutes may result in contract price adjustments, financial penalties and contract termination. Our U.S. government contracts are subject to audits, cost reviews and investigations by U.S. government contracting oversight agencies such as the DCAA. The DCAA reviews the adequacy of, and our compliance with, our internal control systems and policies, including our labor, billing, accounting, purchasing, property, estimating, compensation and management information systems. The DCAA has the authority to conduct audits and reviews to determine if KBR is complying with the requirements under the FAR and CAS, pertaining to the allocation, period assignment, allowability, and allocation of costs assigned to US Government contracts. The DCAA presents its report findings to the Defense Contract Management Agency (“DCMA”). Should the DCMA determine that we have not complied with the terms of our contract and applicable statutes and regulations, payments to us may be disallowed which could result in adjustments to previously reported revenues and refunding of previously collected cash proceeds.

Given the demands of working in the Middle East and elsewhere for the U.S. government, we expect that from time to time we will have disagreements or experience performance issues with the various government customers for which we work. If performance issues arise under any of our government contracts, the government retains the right to pursue remedies, which could include termination under any affected contract. If any contract were so terminated, we may not receive award fees under the affected contract and our ability to secure future contracts could be adversely affected, although we would expect to receive payment for amounts owed for our allowable costs under cost-reimbursable contracts. Other remedies that our government customers may seek for performance issues include sanctions such as forfeiture of profits, suspension of payments, fines and suspensions or debarment from doing business with the government. Further, the negative publicity that could arise from disagreements with our customers or sanctions as a result thereof could have an adverse effect on our reputation in the industry, reduce our ability to compete for new contracts, and may also have a material adverse effect on our business, financial condition, results of operations and cash flow.

Our results of operations depend on the award of new contracts and the timing of the performance of these contracts.

A substantial portion of our revenue is directly or indirectly derived from new contract awards. Delays in the timing of the awards or potential cancellations of such prospects as a result of economic conditions, material and equipment pricing and availability, or other factors could impact our long term projected results. It is particularly difficult to predict whether or when we will receive large-scale international and domestic projects as these contracts frequently involve a lengthy and complex bidding and selection process which is affected by a number of factors, such as market conditions, governmental

 

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and environmental approvals. Because a significant portion of our revenue is generated from such projects, our results of operations and cash flow can fluctuate significantly from quarter to quarter depending on the timing of our contract awards and the commencement or progress of work under awarded contracts. In addition, many of these contracts are subject to financing contingencies and, as a result, we are subject to the risk that the customer will not be able to secure the necessary financing for the project.

We may be unable to obtain new contract awards if we are unable to provide our customers with bonds, letters of credit or other credit enhancements.

Customers may require us to provide credit enhancements, including surety bonds, letters of credit or bank guarantees. We are often required to provide performance guarantees to customers to indemnify the customer should we fail to perform our obligations under the contract. Failure to provide a bond on terms required by a customer may result in an inability to bid on or win a contract award. Historically, we have had adequate bonding capacity but such bonding beyond the capacity of our Credit Agreement is generally at the provider’s sole discretion. Due to events that affect the banking and insurance markets generally, bonding may be difficult to obtain or may only be available at significant cost. Moreover, many projects are often very large and complex, which often necessitates the use of a joint venture, often with a market competitor, to bid on and perform the contract. However, entering into joint ventures or partnerships exposes us to the credit and performance risk of third parties, many of whom may not be as financially strong as us. If our joint ventures or partners fail to perform, we could suffer negative results. In addition, future projects may require us to obtain letters of credit that extend beyond the term of our current Credit Agreement. Any inability to bid for or win new contracts due to the failure of obtaining adequate bonding, letters of credit and/or other customary credit enhancements could have a material adverse effect on our business prospects and future revenue.

The uncertainty of the timing of future contract awards may inhibit our ability to recover our labor costs.

The uncertainty of our contract award timing can also present difficulties in matching workforce size with contract needs. In some cases, we maintain and bear the cost of a ready workforce that is larger than called for under existing contracts in anticipation of future workforce needs for expected contract awards. If an expected contract award is delayed or not received, we may incur additional costs resulting from reductions in staff or redundancy of facilities, which could have a material adverse effect on us.

Our backlog is subject to unexpected adjustments and cancellations and, therefore, may not be a reliable indicator of our future revenue or earnings.

As of December 31, 2011, our backlog was approximately $10.9 billion. We cannot guarantee that the revenue projected in our backlog will be realized or profitable. Many of our contracts are subject to cancellation, termination, or suspension at the discretion of the customer. From time to time, changes in project scope may occur with respect to contracts reflected in our backlog and could reduce the dollar amount of our backlog and the timing of the revenue and profits that we actually earn. Projects may remain in our backlog for an extended period of time because of the nature of the project and the timing of the particular services equipment by the project. Additionally, poor project performance could also impact our backlog and profits if it results in termination of the contract. We cannot predict the impact future economic conditions may have on our backlog which could include a diminished ability to replace backlog once projects are completed and/or could result in the termination, modification or suspension of projects currently in our backlog. Such developments could have a material adverse affect on our financial condition, results of operations and cash flows.

We conduct a portion of our engineering and construction operations through joint ventures and partnerships exposing us to risks and uncertainties, many of which are outside of our control.

We conduct a portion of our engineering, procurement and construction operations through large project-specific joint ventures, where control may be shared with unaffiliated third parties. As with any joint venture arrangement, differences in views among the joint venture participants may result in delayed decisions or in failures to agree on major issues. We also cannot control the actions of our joint venture partners, including any nonperformance, default, or bankruptcy of our joint venture partners, and we typically share liabilities on a joint and several basis with our joint venture partners under these joint venture arrangements. If our partners do not meet their contractual obligations, the joint venture may be unable to adequately perform and deliver its contracted services requiring us to make additional investments or perform additional services to ensure the adequate performance and delivery of services to our customer. We could be liable for both our obligations and those of our partners which may result in reduced profits or, in some cases, significant losses on the project. Additionally, these factors could have a material adverse affect on the business operations of the joint venture and, in turn, our business operations and reputation.

 

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Operating through joint ventures in which we have a minority interest could result in us having limited control over many decisions made with respect to projects and internal controls relating to projects. These joint ventures may not be subject to the same requirements regarding internal controls and internal control reporting that we follow. As a result, internal control issues may arise, which could have a material adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operation. Additionally, in order to establish or preserve relationships with our joint venture partners, we may agree to risks and contributions of resources that are proportionately greater than the returns we could receive, which could reduce our income and returns on these investments compared to what we may have received if the risks and resources we contributed were always proportionate to our returns.

We make equity investments in privately financed projects in which we could sustain significant losses.

We participate in privately financed projects that enable our government and other customers to finance large-scale projects, such as major military equipment, capital project and service purchases. These projects typically include the facilitation of non-recourse financing, the design and construction of facilities, and the provision of operation and maintenance services for an agreed to period after the facilities have been completed. We may incur contractually reimbursable costs and typically make an equity investment prior to an entity achieving operational status or receiving project financing. If a project is unable to obtain financing, we could incur losses on our equity investments and any related contractual receivables. After completion of these projects, the return on our equity investments can be dependent on the operational success of the project and market factors, which may not be under our control. As a result, we could sustain a loss on our equity investment in these projects.

Intense competition in the engineering and construction industry could reduce our market share and profits.

We serve markets that are highly competitive and in which a large number of multinational companies compete. These highly competitive markets require substantial resources and capital investment in equipment, technology and skilled personnel. Our projects are frequently awarded through a competitive bidding process, which is standard in our industry. We are constantly competing for project awards based on pricing and the breadth and technological sophistication of our services. Any increase in competition or reduction in our competitive capabilities could have a significant adverse impact on the margins we generate from our projects as well as our ability to maintain or increase market share.

If we are unable to attract and retain a sufficient number of affordable trained engineers and other skilled workers, our ability to pursue projects may be adversely affected and our costs may increase.

Our rate of growth and the success of our business depends upon our ability to attract, develop and retain a sufficient number of affordable trained engineers and other skilled workers either through direct hire or acquisition of other firms employing such professionals. The market for these professionals is competitive. If we are unable to attract and retain a sufficient number of skilled personnel, our ability to acquire projects may be adversely affected, the costs of executing our existing and future projects may increase, and our financial performance may decline.

We ship a significant amount of cargo using seagoing vessels which expose us to certain maritime risks.

We execute different projects around the world that include remote locations. Depending on the type of contract, location and the nature of the work, we may charter vessels under time and bareboat charter parties that assume certain risks typical of those agreements. Such risks may include damage to the ship and liability for cargo and liability which charterers and vessel operators have to third parties “at law”. In addition, we ship a significant amount of cargo and are subject to hazards of the shipping and transportation industry.

If we are unable to enforce our intellectual property rights or if our intellectual property rights become obsolete, our competitive position could be adversely impacted.

We utilize a variety of intellectual property rights in our services. We view our portfolio of process and design technologies as one of our competitive strengths and we use it as part of our efforts to differentiate our service offerings. We may not be able to successfully preserve these intellectual property rights in the future and these rights could be invalidated, circumvented, challenged or infringed upon. In addition, the laws of some foreign countries in which our services may be sold do not protect intellectual property rights to the same extent as the laws of the United States. Because we license technologies from third parties, there is a risk that our relationships with licensors may terminate, expire or be interrupted or harmed. In some, but not all cases, we may be able to obtain the necessary intellectual property rights from alternative sources. If we are unable to protect and maintain our intellectual property rights, or if there are any successful intellectual

 

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property challenges or infringement proceedings against us, our ability to differentiate our service offerings could diminish. In addition, if our intellectual property rights or work processes become obsolete, we may not be able to differentiate our service offerings and some of our competitors may be able to offer more attractive services to our customers. As a result, our business and financial performance could be materially and adversely affected.

Current or future economic conditions in the credit markets may negatively affect the ability to operate our or our customers’ businesses, finance working capital, implement our acquisition strategy, and access our cash and short-term investments.

We finance the most of our operations using cash provided by operations but also depend on the availability of credit to grow our businesses. Unfavorable economic conditions have brought uncertainty to the capital and credit markets in the U.S. and abroad, which could make it more difficult for us to raise additional capital or obtain additional financing. Our ability to obtain such additional capital or financing will depend in part upon prevailing market conditions as well as conditions in our business and our operating results, and those factors may affect our efforts to arrange additional financing on terms that are satisfactory to us. We cannot be certain that additional funds will be available if needed to make future investments in certain projects, take advantage of acquisitions or other opportunities or respond to competitive pressures. If additional funds are not available, or are not available on terms satisfactory to us, there could be a material adverse impact on our business and financial performance.

Disruptions of the credit markets could also adversely affect our clients’ borrowing capacity, which supports the continuation and expansion of projects worldwide, and could result in contract cancellations or suspensions, project delays and payment delays or defaults by our clients. In addition, clients may choose to make fewer capital expenditures or otherwise slow their spending on our services or to seek contract terms more favorable to them. Our government clients may face budget deficits that prohibit them from funding proposed and existing projects or that cause them to exercise their right to terminate our contracts with little or no prior notice. Furthermore, any financial difficulties suffered by our subcontractors or suppliers could increase our cost or adversely impact project schedules. These disruptions could materially impact our backlog and financial performance.

In addition, we are subject to the risk that the counterparties to our Credit Agreement may be unable to meet their obligations if they suffer catastrophic demand on their liquidity that will prevent them from fulfilling their contractual obligation to us. We also routinely enter into contracts with counterparties, including vendors, suppliers, and subcontractors that may be negatively impacted by events in the credit markets. If those counterparties are unable to perform their obligations to us or our clients, we may be required to provide additional services or make alternate arrangements on less favorable terms with other parties to ensure adequate performance and delivery of service to our clients. These circumstances could also lead to disputes and litigation with our partners or clients, which could have a material adverse impact on our reputation, business, financial condition and results of operations.

Furthermore, our cash balances and short-term investments are maintained in accounts held at major banks and financial institutions located primarily in North America and the United Kingdom. Deposits are in amounts that exceed available insurance. Although none of the financial institutions in which we hold our cash and investments have gone into bankruptcy, been forced into receivership, or have been seized by their governments, there is a risk that this may occur in the future. If this were to occur, we would be at risk of not being able to access our cash which may result in a temporary liquidity crisis that could impede our ability to fund operations.

Our Credit Agreement imposes restrictions that limit our operating flexibility and may result in additional expenses, and this credit agreement may not be available if financial covenants are violated or if an event of default occurs.

Our Credit Agreement provides a credit line of up to $1.0 billion, and expires in December 2016. It contains a number of covenants restricting, among other things, our ability to incur liens and indebtedness, sell assets, repurchase our equity shares and make certain types of investments. We are also subject to certain financial covenants, including maintenance of a maximum ratio of consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA and a minimum consolidated net worth. If we fail to meet the covenants, or an event of default occurs, the credit line would not be available unless the necessary waivers or amendments of lenders participating in the bank syndicate could be obtained.

A breach of any covenant or our inability to comply with the required financial ratios could result in a default under our Credit Agreement, and we can provide no assurance that we will be able to obtain the necessary waivers or amendments from our lenders to remedy a default. In the event of any default not cured or waived, the lenders are not obligated to provide funding or issue letters of credit and could elect to require us to apply available cash to collateralize any outstanding letters of credit and declare any outstanding borrowings, together with accrued interest and other fees, to be immediately due and payable, thus requiring us to apply available cash to repay any borrowings then outstanding. If we are unable to cash

 

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collateralize our letters of credit or repay borrowings with respect to our Credit Agreement when due, our lenders could proceed against the guarantees of our major domestic subsidiaries. If any future indebtedness under our Credit Agreement is accelerated, we can provide no assurance that our assets would be sufficient to repay such indebtedness in full.

An impairment of all or part of our goodwill and/or our intangible assets could have a material adverse impact to our net earnings and net worth.

As of December 31, 2011, we had $951 million of goodwill and $113 million of intangible assets recorded on our consolidated balance sheet. Goodwill represents the excess of cost over the fair market value of net assets acquired in business combinations. If our market capitalization drops significantly below the amount of net equity recorded on our balance sheet, it might indicate a decline in our fair value and would require us to further evaluate whether our goodwill has been impaired. We also perform an annual analysis of our goodwill to determine if it has become impaired. The analysis requires us to make assumptions in estimates of fair value of our reporting units. If actual results are significantly different than the estimates, we might be required to write down the impaired portion of goodwill. An impairment of all or a significant part of our goodwill and/or intangible assets could have a material adverse impact to our net earnings and net worth.

We are subject to certain U.S. laws and regulations, which are the subject of rigorous enforcement by the U.S. government.

To the extent that we export products, technical data and services outside of the United States we are subject to laws and regulations governing trade and exports, including but not limited to, the International Traffic in Arms Regulations, the Export Administration Regulations and trade sanctions against embargoed countries, which are administered by the Office of Foreign Asset Control within the Department of the Treasury. A failure to comply with these laws and regulations could result in civil and/or criminal sanctions, including the imposition of fines upon us as well as the denial of export privileges and debarment from participation in U.S. government contracts. Additionally, we may be subject to qui tam litigation brought by private individuals on behalf of the U.S. government under the Federal False Claims Act, which could include claims for treble damages. U.S. government contract violations could result in the imposition of civil and criminal penalties or sanctions, contract termination, forfeiture of profit, and/or suspension of payment, any of which could make us lose our status as an eligible U.S. government contractor and cause us to suffer serious harm to our reputation. Any suspension or termination of our U.S. government contractor status could have a negative adverse impact to our business, financial condition or results of operations.

We are subject to anti-bribery laws in the U.S. and other jurisdictions, violations of which could include suspension or debarment of our ability to contract with the United States, state or local governments, U.S. government agencies or the U.K. MoD, third party claims, loss of customers, adverse financial impact, damage to reputation and adverse consequences on financing for current or future projects.

The Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) in the U.S. and similar anti-bribery laws in other jurisdictions generally prohibit companies and their intermediaries from making improper payments to non-U.S. officials for the purpose of obtaining or retaining business. Our policies mandate compliance with these anti-bribery laws. We operate in many parts of the world that have experienced governmental corruption to some degree and, in certain circumstances, strict compliance with anti-bribery laws may conflict with local customs and practices. We train our staff concerning FCPA issues, and we also inform our partners, subcontractors, agents and other third parties who work for us or on our behalf that they must comply with the requirements of the FCPA and other anti-corruption laws. We also have procedures and controls in place to monitor internal and external compliance. We cannot assure you that our internal controls and procedures always will protect us from the reckless or criminal acts committed by our employees or third parties working on our behalf. If we are found to be liable for violations of these laws (either due to our own acts or our inadvertence, or due to the acts or inadvertence of others), we could suffer from criminal or civil penalties or other sanctions which could have a material adverse effect on our business.

 

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Our current business strategy includes acquisitions which present certain risks and uncertainties.

We seek business acquisition activities as a means of broadening our offerings and capturing additional market opportunities by our business units. As a result, we may incur certain additional risks accompanying these activities. These risks include the following:

 

   

Valuation methodologies may not accurately capture the value proposition;

 

   

Future completed acquisitions may not be integrated within our operations with the efficiency and effectiveness initially expected resulting in a potentially significant detriment to the associated product service line financial results, and pose additional risks to our operations as a whole;

 

   

We may have difficulty managing the growth from acquisition activities;

 

   

Key personnel within an acquired organization may resign from their related positions resulting in a significant loss to our strategic and operational efficiency associated with the acquired company;

 

   

The effectiveness of our daily operations may be reduced by the redirection of employees and other resources to acquisition activities;

 

   

We may assume liabilities of an acquired business (e.g. litigation, tax liabilities, contingent liabilities, environmental issues), including liabilities that were unknown at the time the acquisition, that pose future risks to our working capital needs, cash flows and the profitability of related operations;

 

   

Business acquisitions may include substantial transactional costs to complete the acquisition that exceed the estimated financial and operational benefits;

 

   

Future acquisitions may require us to obtain additional equity or debt financing, which may not be available on attractive terms. Moreover, to the extent an acquisition transaction results in additional goodwill, it will reduce our tangible net worth, which might have an adverse effect on our credit capacity.

If we need to sell or issue additional common shares to finance future acquisitions, our existing shareholder ownership could be diluted.

Part of our business strategy is to expand into new markets and enhance our position in existing markets both domestically and internationally through the acquiring and merging of complementary businesses. To successfully fund and complete such potential acquisitions, we may issue additional equity securities that may result in dilution of our existing shareholder ownership earnings per share.

Provisions in our charter documents, Delaware law and Credit Agreement may inhibit a takeover or impact operational control which could adversely affect the value of our common stock.

Our certificate of incorporation and bylaws, as well as Delaware corporate law, contain provisions that could delay or prevent a change of control or changes in our management that a stockholder might consider favorable. These provisions include, among others, a staggered board of directors, prohibiting stockholder action by written consent, advance notice for raising business or making nominations at meetings of stockholders and the issuance of preferred stock with rights that may be senior to those of our common stock without stockholder approval. Many of these provisions became effective following the exchange offer. These provisions would apply even if a takeover offer may be considered beneficial by some of our stockholders. If a change of control or change in management is delayed or prevented, the market price of our common stock could decline. Additionally, our Credit Agreement contains a default provision that is triggered upon a change in control of at least 25%.

 

18


International and political events may adversely affect our operations.

A significant portion of our revenue is derived from foreign operations, which exposes us to risks inherent in doing business in each of the countries where we transact business. The occurrence of any of the risks described below could have a material adverse effect on our business operations and financial performance. With respect to any particular country, these risks may include:

 

   

expropriation and nationalization of our assets in that country;

 

   

political and economic instability;

 

   

civil unrest, acts of terrorism, force majeure, war, or other armed conflict;

 

   

currency fluctuations, devaluations, and conversion restrictions;

 

   

confiscatory taxation or other adverse tax policies;

 

   

governmental activities that limit or disrupt markets, restrict payments, or limit the movement of funds;

 

   

governmental activities that may result in the deprivation of contract rights; and

 

   

governmental activities that may result in the inability to obtain or retain licenses required for operation.

Due to the unsettled political conditions in many oil-producing countries and other countries where we provide governmental logistical support, our financial performance is subject to the adverse consequences of war, the effects of terrorism, civil unrest, strikes, currency controls, and governmental actions. Our operations are conducted in areas that have significant amounts of political risk. In addition, military action or continued unrest in the Middle East could impact the supply and price of oil and gas, disrupt our operations in the region and elsewhere, and increase our costs related to security worldwide.

We may have additional tax liabilities associated with our international operations.

We are subject to income taxes in the United States and numerous foreign jurisdictions, many of which are developing countries. Significant judgment is required in determining our worldwide provision for income taxes due to lack of clear and concise tax laws and regulations in certain developing jurisdictions. It is not unlikely that laws may be changed or clarified and such changes may adversely affect our tax provisions. Also, in the ordinary course of our business, there are many transactions and calculations where the ultimate tax determination may be uncertain. We are regularly under audit by various tax authorities. Although we believe that our tax estimates are reasonable, the final outcome of tax audits and related litigation could be materially different from that which is reflected in our financial statements.

We work in international locations where there are high security risks, which could result in harm to our employees and contractors or substantial costs.

Some of our services are performed in high-risk locations, such as Iraq, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Algeria, Egypt and Saudi Arabia where the country or location and surrounding area is suffering from political, social, economic issues, war or civil unrest. In those locations where we have employees or operations, we have and may continue to incur substantial costs to maintain the safety of our personnel. Despite these precautions, we have suffered the loss of employees and contractors which could expose us to claims and litigation. In the future the safety of our personnel in these and other locations may continue to be at risk, exposing us to the potential loss of additional employees and contractors.

We are subject to significant foreign exchange and currency risks that could adversely affect our operations and our ability to reinvest earnings from operations, as well as mitigate our foreign exchange risk through hedging transactions may be limited.

We generally attempt to denominate our contracts in U.S. Dollars or in the currencies of our costs. However, we do enter into contracts that subject us to currency risk exposure, primarily when our contract revenue is denominated in a currency different than the contract costs. A significant portion of our consolidated revenue and consolidated operating expenses are in foreign currencies. As a result, we are subject to significant foreign currency risks, including risks resulting from changes in foreign exchange rates and limitations on our ability to reinvest earnings from operations in one country to fund the financing requirements of our operations in other countries.

 

19


The national governments of certain countries may impose restrictive exchange controls on local currencies and, as a result, it may not be possible for us to engage in effective hedging transactions to mitigate the risks associated with fluctuations of a particular currency. We are often required to pay all or a portion of our costs associated with a project in the local currency. As a result, we generally attempt to negotiate contract terms with our customer, who is often affiliated with the local government, or has a significant local presence, to provide that we are only paid in the local currency for amounts that match our local expenses. If we are unable to match our local currency costs with revenue in the local currency, we would be exposed to the risk of adverse changes in currency exchange rates.

Halliburton’s indemnity for matters relating to the Barracuda-Caratinga project only applies to the replacement of certain subsea bolts, and Halliburton’s actions may not be in our stockholders’ best interests.

Under the terms of our master separation agreement with our former parent Halliburton, Halliburton agreed to indemnify us for any liability we incur as a result of the replacement of certain subsea flow-line bolts installed or in connection with the Barracuda-Caratinga project arbitration. At our cost, we control the defense, counterclaim and/or settlement of this matter, but Halliburton has discretion to determine whether to agree to any settlement or other resolution. We expect Halliburton will take actions that are in the best interests of its stockholders, which may or may not be in our or our stockholders’ best interests. For example, Halliburton has directed us to challenge the recent arbitration award to the project owner and the legal costs of the challenge will be born by us. Please read “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations — Legal Proceedings”.

We rely on information technology systems to conduct our business, and disruption, failure or security breaches of these systems could adversely affect our business and results of operations.

We rely heavily on information technology (IT) systems in order to achieve our business objectives. We also rely upon industry accepted security measures and technology to securely maintain confidential and proprietary information maintained on our IT systems. However, our portfolio of hardware and software products, solutions and services and our enterprise IT systems may be vulnerable to damage or disruption caused by circumstances beyond our control such as catastrophic events, power outages, natural disasters, computer system or network failures, computer viruses, cyber attacks or other malicious software programs. The failure or disruption of our IT systems to perform as anticipated for any reason could disrupt our business and result in decreased performance, significant remediation costs, transaction errors, loss of data, processing inefficiencies, downtime, litigation, and the loss of suppliers or customers. A significant disruption or failure could have a material adverse effect on our business operations, financial performance and financial condition.

 

20


Item 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

 

Item 2. Properties

We own or lease properties in domestic and foreign locations. The following locations represent our major facilities.

 

Location

  

Owned/Leased

   Description    Business Segment

Houston, Texas

   Leased(1)    Office facilities    All and Corporate

Arlington, Virginia

   Leased    Office facilities    IGP

Houston, Texas

   Owned    Campus facility    All and Corporate

Birmingham, Alabama

   Owned    Campus facility    All and Corporate

Leatherhead, United Kingdom

   Owned    Campus facility    All

Greenford, Middlesex

United Kingdom

   Owned    Office facilities    Hydrocarbons

 

(1) At December 31, 2011, we had a 50% interest in a joint venture which owns an office building in which we lease office space. We also lease office space in other buildings owned by unrelated parties.

We also own or lease numerous small facilities that include sales offices and project offices throughout the world. All of our owned properties are unencumbered and we believe all properties that we currently occupy are suitable for their intended use.

 

Item 3. Legal Proceedings

Information relating to various commitments and contingencies is described in “Risk Factors” contained in Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K and “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and in Notes 9 and 10 to our consolidated financial statements and the information discussed therein is incorporated by reference into this Item 3.

 

Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures

None.

 

21


PART II

 

Item 5. Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

Our common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol “KBR.” The following table sets forth, on a per share basis for the periods indicated, the high and low sale prices per share for our common stock as reported by the New York Stock Exchange and dividends declared:

 

     Common Stock Price Range      Dividends
Declared
 
     High      Low      Per Share  

Fiscal Year 2011

        

First quarter ended March 31, 2011

   $ 38.28       $ 28.43       $ 0.05   

Second quarter ended June 30, 2011

   $ 38.79       $ 33.79       $ 0.05   

Third quarter ended September 30, 2011

   $ 39.34       $ 23.29       $ 0.05   

Fourth quarter ended December 31, 2011

   $ 30.17       $ 20.86       $ 0.05   

Fiscal Year 2010

        

First quarter ended March 31, 2010

   $ 23.00       $ 17.30       $ —     

Second quarter ended June 30, 2010

   $ 24.40       $ 19.31       $ 0.05   

Third quarter ended September 30, 2010

   $ 24.89       $ 19.53       $ 0.05   

Fourth quarter ended December 31, 2010

   $ 31.42       $ 24.53       $ 0.05   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

At January 31, 2012, there were 133 shareholders of record. In calculating the number of shareholders, we consider clearing agencies and security position listings as one shareholder for each agency or listing.

On June 8, 2010, we initiated a Board of Directors authorized share repurchase program allowing us to maintain, over time, our outstanding shares at approximately 150 million shares. In August 2011, we made our final share repurchase under this authorization. On August 26, 2011, KBR announced that its Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program to repurchase up to 10 million of our outstanding common shares. The authorization does not specify an expiration date. The following is a summary of share repurchases of our common stock settled during the three months ended December 31, 2011.

 

Purchase Period

   Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
     Average
Price Paid
per Share
     Total Number of
Shares  Purchased
as Part of Publicly
Announced Plans
or Programs
     Maximum Number of
Shares  that May Yet Be
Purchased Under the
Plans or Programs (a)
 

October 3 – 24, 2011

           

Repurchase Program (a)

     —         $ —           —           8,794,300   

Employee Transactions (b)

     3,461       $ 24.74         —           —     

November 9 – 30, 2011

           

Repurchase Program

     120,000       $ 26.92         120,000         8,674,300   

Employee Transactions (b)

     28,081       $ 27.02         —           —     

December 1 – 30, 2011

           

Repurchase Program

     698,394       $ 25.83         698,394         7,975,906   

Employee Transactions (b)

     341       $ 25.12         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total

           

Repurchase Program (a)

     818,394       $ 25.99         818,394         7,975,906   

Employee Transactions (b)

     31,883       $ 26.75         —           —     
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(a) Represents remaining common shares that may be repurchased pursuant to the August 26, 2011 announced share repurchase program.
(b) Reflects shares acquired from employees in connection with the settlement of income tax and related benefit withholding obligations arising from vesting of restricted stock units.

 

22


Under our Credit Agreement we are permitted to repurchase our common stock, provided that no such repurchases shall be made from the proceeds borrowed under the Credit Agreement, and that the aggregate purchase price and dividends paid after December 2, 2011, does not to exceed the Distribution Cap. At December 31, 2011, the remaining availability under the Distribution Cap was approximately $732 million. The declaration and payment of any future dividends will be at the discretion of our Board of Directors and will depend upon, among other things, future earnings, general financial condition and liquidity, success in business activities, capital requirements, and general business conditions.

Performance Graph

The chart below compares the cumulative total shareholder return on our common shares for the five-year period ended December 31, 2011, with the cumulative total return on the Dow Jones Heavy Construction Industry Index and the Russell 1000 Index for the same period. The comparison assumes the investment of $100 on December 29, 2006, and reinvestment of all dividends. The shareholder return is not necessarily indicative of future performance.

 

LOGO

 

     12/29/2006      12/31/2007      12/31/2008      12/31/2009      12/31/2010      12/30/2011  

KBR

   $ 100.00       $ 148.30       $ 58.62       $ 74.11       $ 119.84       $ 110.16   

Dow Jones Heavy Construction

     100.00         189.61         84.84         96.55         123.48         101.42   

Russell 1000

     100.00         103.86         63.34         79.47         90.50         90.04   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

23


Item 6. Selected Financial Data

The following table presents selected financial data for the last five years. You should read the following information in conjunction with “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” and the consolidated financial statements and the related notes to the consolidated financial statements.

 

     Years Ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009     2008     2007  
     (In millions, except for per share amounts)  

Statements of Operations Data:

          

Total revenue

   $ 9,261      $ 10,099      $ 12,105      $ 11,581      $ 8,745   

Operating income

     587        609        536        541        294   

Income from continuing operations, net of tax

     540        395        364        356        204   

Income from discontinued operations, net of tax

     —          —          —          11        132   

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (60     (68     (74     (48     (34

Net income attributable to KBR

     480        327        290        319        302   

Basic net income attributable to KBR per share:

          

—Continuing operations

   $ 3.18      $ 2.08      $ 1.80      $ 1.84      $ 1.08   

—Discontinued operations (a)

     —          —          —          0.07        0.71   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic net income attributable to KBR per share

   $ 3.18      $ 2.08      $ 1.80      $ 1.91      $ 1.79   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted net income attributable to KBR per share:

          

—Continuing operations

   $ 3.16      $ 2.07      $ 1.79      $ 1.84      $ 1.08   

—Discontinued operations (a)

     —          —          —          0.07        0.71   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted net income attributable to KBR per share

   $ 3.16      $ 2.07      $ 1.79      $ 1.90      $ 1.78   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic weighted average shares outstanding

     150        156        160        166        168   

Diluted weighted average shares outstanding

     151        157        161        167        169   

Cash dividends declared per share

   $ 0.20      $ 0.15      $ 0.20      $ 0.25      $ —     

Balance Sheet Data (as of the end of period):

          

Cash and equivalents

   $ 966      $ 786      $ 941      $ 1,145      $ 1,861   

Net working capital

     1,158        923        1,350        1,099        1,433   

Total assets

     5,673        5,417        5,327        5,884        5,203   

Non-recourse project-finance debt

     98        101        —          —          —     

Total shareholders’ equity

   $ 2,442      $ 2,204      $ 2,296      $ 2,034      $ 2,235   

Other Financial Data:

          

Backlog at year end

   $ 10,931      $ 12,041      $ 14,098      $ 14,097      $ 13,051   

Gross operating margin percentage

     6.3     6.0     4.4     4.7     3.4

Capital expenditures (b)

   $ 83      $ 66      $ 41      $ 37      $ 36   

Depreciation and amortization expense (c)

   $ 71      $ 62      $ 55      $ 49      $ 31   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(a) We completed the sale of the Production Services group in May 2006 and the disposition of our 51% interest in Devonport Management Limited (“DML”) in June 2007. The results of operations of the Production Services group and DML for all periods presented have been reported as discontinued operations.
(b) Capital expenditures do not include expenditures related to the noncash investing activities for the purchase of computer software of $19 million for the year ended December 31, 2010 and the discontinued operations for DML of $7 million for the year ended December 31, 2007.
(c) Depreciation and amortization expense does not include expenses related to the discontinued operations for DML of $10 million for the year ended December 31, 2007.

 

24


Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

Introduction

Management’s discussion and analysis (“MD&A”) should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in Item 8 of this Annual Report.

Executive Overview

Business Environment

Hydrocarbons Markets. We provide a full range of engineering, procurement and construction services for large and complex upstream and downstream projects, including LNG and GTL facilities, onshore and offshore oil and gas production facilities, refining, biofuels and other projects. We serve customers in the gas monetization, oil and gas, petrochemical, refining and chemical markets throughout the world. Our projects are generally long term in nature and are impacted by factors including market conditions, financing arrangements, governmental approvals and environmental matters. Demand for our services depends primarily on our customers’ capital expenditures in our construction market sectors.

Capital expenditures in our petroleum and petrochemical markets are driven by global economic growth expectations reflected in a long global spending cycle. The spending cycle is moderated by fluctuations in crude oil prices and chemical feedstock costs including natural gas prices, and is also partially subject to financial shock. The hydrocarbons market in most international regions has improved from the downturn that occurred as a result of the worldwide economic recession. We now to see long term growth in environmentally and economically driven energy projects including demand for related licensed process technologies, offshore oil and gas production, LNG, biofuels, motor fuels, chemicals and fertilizers. Upstream and downstream investment plans are advancing in such resource rich areas as the Middle East, Brazil, North Sea and East and West Africa. LNG prospects continue to develop in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as in East Africa and North America as a result of the recent gas discoveries. Each of these trends plays to KBR’s particular capability to deliver large projects in remote locations and harsh environments.

Abundant shale gas supplies and resulting low prices in North America are driving renewed interest in petrochemical project investments. Feasibility studies and front-end engineering and design projects continue to grow, reflecting clients’ intentions to invest in capital intensive energy projects that utilize our process technologies and EPC project delivery skills.

Infrastructure, Government and Power Markets (“IGP”). A significant portion of our IGP business group’s current activities supports the United States’ and the United Kingdom’s government operations in Iraq, Afghanistan and in other parts of the Middle East region. The logistics support services that KBR provides the U.S. military are delivered under our LogCAP III, LogCAP IV and other contracts which are competitively bid contracts. Revenues under the LogCAP III project were approximately $1.5 billion, $2.8 billion, and $4.8 billion for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009, respectively. As a result of withdrawal of U.S. combat troops in Iraq, KBR has demobilized in the Iraqi theater of operations and the scope of KBR operations under the LogCAP III contract effectively ended in December 2011. Although we have seen some U.S. troop deployments shift within the Middle East region to Afghanistan and other areas under LogCAP IV, we expect the volume of services we provide to the U.S. government in the Middle East to continue to decline over the next few years. The U.K. military’s presence has also shifted to Afghanistan. As the overall U.S. and U.K. government spending for contingency operations declines, we see increased opportunities for logistics and infrastructure projects in Europe and other parts of the Middle East.

We operate in diverse civil infrastructure markets, including transportation, water and waste treatment and facilities. In addition to U.S. state, local and federal agencies, we provide these services to governments around the world including the U.K., Australia and the Middle East. There has been a general trend of historical under-investment in public infrastructure, particularly related to the quality of water, wastewater, roads and transit, rail, airports, and educational facilities where demand for expanded and improved infrastructure has historically outpaced funding. We have seen increased activity related to these types of projects particularly in the Middle East, however, the global economic recession has caused markets to remain flat in America and the U.K., which has resulted in delays or slow start-ups to major projects.

In the industrial sector, we operate in a number of markets, including utility and non-utility power, forest products, advanced manufacturing, mining, minerals and metals and consumer products, both domestically and internationally. Forest products, advanced manufacturing and consumer products are experiencing modest market improvements while the mining, minerals and metals markets are growing robustly driven by global demand for commodities. In the power sector, we serve regulated utilities, power cooperatives, municipalities and various non-regulated providers, primarily in the U.S. and U.K. markets. The power sector continues to be driven by long-term economic and demographic trends and changes in environmental regulations. Projects in the power sector are currently concentrated in emissions control, repowering, renewable power and new gas-fired power generation.

 

25


We provide a wide range of construction and maintenance services to a variety of industries in the U.S. and Canada, including forest products, power, commercial and institutional buildings, general industrial and manufacturing. We saw an increase in the number and size of project bid requests and feasibility estimates from our clients in 2011 and expect a number of our markets to strengthen in 2012 and beyond.

Summary of Consolidated Results

2011 compared to 2010

Consolidated revenue in 2011 decreased approximately $838 million, or 8%, to $9.3 billion compared to $10.1 billion in 2010 primarily due to declines in the IGP and Services business groups. The decrease in IGP business group revenue included a $1.1 billion decline resulting from an overall reduction in volume for U.S. military support activities, primarily in Iraq, under our LogCAP III contract. In 2011, the total number of staff working on the LogCAP III contract decreased by approximately 76% including direct hires, subcontractors and local hires as a result of demobilization or transfers to the LogCAP IV contract for ongoing base life support services in Iraq effectively ending the scope of our operations under the LogCAP III contract. The Services business group experienced a $165 million decline in revenue for 2011 primarily driven by the completion of several large projects in the U.S. and Canada. Revenue increased in our Hydrocarbons business group by approximately $289 million primarily driven by further progress on our LNG and GTL projects in Gas Monetization as well as additional phase awards and new technical service projects in Oil & Gas.

Consolidated operating income in 2011 decreased approximately $22 million, or 4%, to $587 million compared to $609 million in 2010. Operating income in 2011 from the IGP business group was down approximately $6 million. The decline was primarily due to lower activity on our LogCAP III contract but offset by income from the Allenby & Connaught project as well as increased activity on NATO contracts in Afghanistan. Services operating income declined $44 million primarily due to the completion or winding-down of several large projects in the U.S. and Canada. Operating income from Hydrocarbons increased by $8 million largely due to new projects in Oil & Gas and Downstream. Operating income from Ventures increased by $9 million primarily due to improved performance from the EBIC ammonia plant in Egypt.

2010 compared to 2009

Consolidated revenue in 2010 decreased approximately $2 billion, or 17%, to $10.1 billion compared to $12.1 billion in 2009 primarily driven by decreases in our IGP and Services business groups. The decrease in IGP business group revenue included a $1.9 billion decline resulting from the reduction in volume for U.S. military support activities primarily in Iraq under our LogCAP III contract. In 2010, the total number of staff working on the LogCAP III project decreased by approximately 56% including direct hires, subcontractors and local hires. Also contributing to the decline in IGP revenue in 2010 were revenue decreases in the I&M and P&I business units largely as a result of the completion of fieldwork on certain projects in early 2010 and declining workload from other projects nearing completion. Partially offsetting these declines in revenue was an increase in revenue in our IGDSS business unit primarily related to the presence of troops in Afghanistan where we provided services to the U.K. MoD and NATO. The Services business group also experienced a decline in revenue for 2010 primarily due to the completion several projects or projects being near completion. Revenue in our Hydrocarbons business group increased slightly overall primarily driven by the Gas Monetization business unit and our Downstream business unit.

Consolidated operating income in 2010 increased approximately $73 million, or 14%, to $609 million compared to $536 million in 2009. Job income for 2010 from the IGP business group was up approximately $84 million primarily from our NAGL business unit which increased by $117 million. In 2009, we recognized a net charge of $65 million related to the write-off of award fees previously accrued on the LogCAP III contract that did not recur in 2010. In 2010, we recognized job income related to LogCAP III award fees of $94 million for periods of performance from May 2008 through May 2010. Partially offsetting the increase related to award fees was lower volume of activity on the LogCAP III contract as a result of the overall reduction in volume of activities primarily in Iraq and higher charges for potentially unallowable costs. Our Hydrocarbons job income decreased by approximately $64 million largely due to the EPC 1 favorable arbitration award recognized in 2009 that did not recur in 2010 partially offset by increases in job income in our Gas Monetization and Downstream business units.

For a more detailed discussion of the results of operations for each of our business units, corporate general and administrative expense, income taxes and other items, see “Results of Operations” below.

 

26


Acquisition of Roberts & Schaefer Company

On December 21, 2010, we completed the acquisition of 100% of the outstanding common shares of ENI Holdings, Inc. (“ENI”). ENI is the parent to the Roberts & Schaefer Company (“R&S”), a privately held, EPC services company for material handling and processing systems. Headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, R&S provides services and associated material handling infrastructure to customers in the mining and minerals, power, industrial, refining, aggregates, precious and base metals industries. The purchase price was $280 million plus estimated working capital of $17 million which included cash acquired of $8 million. The total net cash paid at closing of $289 million is subject to an escrowed holdback. As of December 31, 2011, the remaining escrowed holdback was $27 million and primarily related to security for indemnification obligations. R&S and its acquired divisions have been integrated into our Infrastructure and Minerals business unit within the IGP business group. See Note 3 to our consolidated financial statements for further discussion of the R&S acquisition.

Acquisition of remaining interest in M.W. Kellogg Limited.

On December 31, 2010, we obtained control of the remaining 44.94% interest of our MWKL subsidiary located in the U.K for approximately £107 million subject to certain post-closing adjustments. The acquisition was recorded as an equity transaction that reduced noncontrolling interests, accumulated other comprehensive income (“AOCI”) and additional paid-in capital by $180 million. We recognized direct transaction costs associated with the acquisition of approximately $1 million as a direct charge to additional paid in capital. The initial purchase price of $164 million was paid on January 5, 2011. During the third quarter of 2011, we settled various post-closing adjustments that resulted in a decrease to “Paid-in capital in excess of par” of approximately $5 million. We also agreed to pay the former noncontrolling interest 44.94% of future proceeds collected on certain receivables owed to MWKL. Additionally, the former noncontrolling interest agreed to indemnify us for 44.94% of certain MWKL liabilities to be settled and paid in the future. As of December 31, 2011, we have liability of approximately $8 million classified on our balance sheet as “Noncurrent Obligation to former noncontrolling interest” and $1 million classified on our balance sheet as “Obligation to former noncontrolling interest” reflecting our estimate of 44.94% of future proceeds from certain receivables owed to MWKL.

Acquisition of Energo Engineering

On April 5, 2010, we acquired 100% of the outstanding common stock of Houston-based Energo Engineering (“Energo”) for approximately $16 million in cash, subject to an escrowed holdback amount of $6 million to secure working capital adjustments, indemnification obligations of the sellers, and other contingent obligations related to the operation of the business. As a result of the acquisition, we recognized goodwill of $6 million and other intangible assets of $3 million. Energo provides Integrity Management (IM) and advanced structural engineering services to the offshore oil and gas industry. Energo’s results of operations were integrated into our Oil & Gas business unit within the Hydrocarbons segment.

Sale of Interest in LNG Joint Venture

On January 5, 2011, we sold our 50% interest in a joint venture to our joint venture partner for approximately $22 million. The joint venture was formed to execute an EPC contract for construction of an LNG plant in Indonesia. We recognized a gain on the sale of our interest of approximately $8 million which is included in “Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates, net” in our consolidated income statement for year ended December 31, 2011.

Technology License Agreement

In January 2010, we entered into a collaboration agreement with BP p.l.c. to market and license certain technology. In conjunction with this arrangement, we acquired a 25-year license granting us the exclusive right to the technology. As partial consideration for the license, we paid an initial fee of $20 million.

Critical Accounting Policies

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to select appropriate accounting policies and to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenue and expenses. Our critical accounting policies are described below to provide a better understanding of how we develop our assumptions and judgments about future events and related estimations and how they can impact our financial statements. A critical accounting estimate is one that requires our most difficult, subjective, or complex estimates and assessments and is fundamental to our results of operations.

We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions we believe to be reasonable according to the current facts and circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying

 

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values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. We believe the following are the critical accounting policies used in the preparation of our consolidated financial statements in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, as well as the significant estimates and judgments affecting the application of these policies. This discussion and analysis should be read in conjunction with our consolidated financial statements and related notes.

Engineering and Construction Contracts. Revenue from long-term contracts to provide construction, engineering, design or similar services is recognized as contract performance progresses using the percentage-of-completion method. We estimate the progress towards completion to determine the amount of revenue and profit to be recognized in each reporting period, based upon estimates of the total cost to complete the project; estimates of the project schedule and completion date; estimates of the extent of progress toward completion; and amounts of any probable unapproved claims and change orders included in revenue. Progress is generally based upon a cost-to-cost approach but we also use alternative methods including physical progress, labor hours or others depending on the type of job. Physical progress is determined as a combination of input and output measures as deemed appropriate by the circumstances.

At the outset of each contract, we prepare a detailed analysis of our estimated cost to complete the project. Risks relating to service delivery, usage, productivity, and other factors are considered in the estimation process. Our project personnel periodically evaluate the estimated costs, claims, change orders, and percentage of completion at the project level. The recording of profits and losses on long-term contracts requires an estimate of the total profit or loss over the life of each contract. This estimate requires consideration of total contract value, change orders, and claims, less costs incurred and estimated costs to complete. We also take into account liquidated damages when determining total contract profit or loss. Our contracts often require us to pay liquidated damages should we not meet certain performance requirements, including completion of the project in accordance with a scheduled timeline. We include an estimate of liquidated damages in contract costs when it is deemed probable that they will be paid. Profits are recorded based upon the product of estimated contract profit at completion times the current percentage-complete for the contract.

When calculating the amount of total profit or loss on a long-term contract, we include unapproved claims in contract value when the collection is deemed probable based upon the four criteria for recognizing unapproved claims under FASB ASC 605-35 regarding accounting for performance of construction-type and certain production-type contracts. Including probable unapproved claims in this calculation increases the operating income (or reduces the operating loss) that would otherwise be recorded without consideration of the probable unapproved claims. Probable unapproved claims are recorded to the extent of costs incurred and include no profit element. In all cases, the probable unapproved claims included in determining contract profit or loss are less than the actual claim that will be or has been presented to the customer. We are actively engaged in claims negotiations with our customers, and the success of claims negotiations has a direct impact on the profit or loss recorded for any related long-term contract. Unsuccessful claims negotiations could result in decreases in estimated contract profits or additional contract losses, and successful claims negotiations could result in increases in estimated contract profits or recovery of previously recorded contract losses.

At least quarterly, significant projects are reviewed in detail by senior management. We have a long history of working with multiple types of projects and in preparing cost estimates. However, there are many factors that impact future costs, including but not limited to weather, inflation, labor and community disruptions, timely availability of materials, productivity, and other factors as outlined in our “Risk Factors” contained in Part I of this Annual Report on Form 10-K. These factors can affect the accuracy of our estimates and materially impact our future reported earnings.

Our revenue includes both equity in the earnings of unconsolidated affiliates and revenue from sales of services to joint ventures. We often participate on larger projects as a joint venture partner and also provide services to the joint venture as a subcontractor. The amount included in our revenue represents equity in the earnings from joint ventures, impairments of equity investments in joint ventures, if any, and revenue from services provided to joint ventures.

Estimated Losses on Uncompleted Contracts and Changes in Contract Estimates. We record provisions for estimated losses on uncompleted contracts in the period in which such losses are identified. The cumulative effects of revisions to contract revenue and estimated completion costs are recorded in the accounting period in which the amounts become evident and can be reasonably estimated. These revisions can include such items as the effects of change orders and claims, warranty claims, liquidated damages or other contractual penalties, adjustments for audit findings on US government contracts and contract closeout settlements.

Accounting for government contracts. Most of the services provided to the United States government are governed by cost-reimbursable contracts. Generally, these contracts may contain base fees (a fixed profit percentage applied to our actual costs to complete the work), fixed fees, and award fees (a variable profit percentage applied to definitized costs, which is subject to our customer’s discretion and tied to the specific performance measures defined in the contract, such as adherence to schedule, health and safety, quality of work, responsiveness, cost performance, and business management).

 

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Revenue is recorded at the time services are performed, and such revenue includes base fees, actual direct project costs incurred and an allocation of indirect costs. Indirect costs are applied using rates approved by our government customers. The general, administrative, and overhead cost reimbursement rates are estimated periodically in accordance with government contract accounting regulations and may change based on actual costs incurred or based upon the volume of work performed. Revenue is reduced for our estimate of costs that either are in dispute with our customer or have been identified as potentially unallowable per the terms of the contract or the federal acquisition regulations.

Award fees are generally evaluated and granted periodically by our customer. For contracts entered into prior to June 30, 2003, award fees are recognized during the term of the contract based on our estimate of amounts to be awarded. Once award fees are granted and task orders underlying the work are definitized, we adjust our estimate of award fees to actual amounts earned. Our estimates are often based on our past award experience for similar types of work. We periodically receive LogCAP III award fee scores and, based on these actual amounts, we adjust our accrual rate for future awards, if necessary. The controversial nature of this contract may cause actual awards to vary significantly from past experience. As discussed further in Note 9 to our consolidated financial statements, we stopped accruing award fees and began recognizing them only upon receipt of the award fee letter due to the inability to reliably estimate the amount of fees to be awarded.

For contracts containing multiple deliverables entered into subsequent to June 30, 2003, we analyze each activity within the contract to ensure that we adhere to the separation guidelines of FASB ASC 605 – Revenue Recognition and FASB ASC 605-25 – Multiple-Element Arrangements. For service-only contracts and service elements of multiple deliverable arrangements, award fees are recognized only when definitized and awarded by the customer. Award fees on government construction contracts are recognized during the term of the contract based on our estimate of the amount of fees to be awarded.

Similar to many cost-reimbursable contracts, these government contracts are typically subject to audit and adjustment by our customer. Each contract is unique; therefore, the level of confidence in our estimates for audit adjustments varies depending on how much historical data we have with a particular contract. KBR excludes from billings to the U.S. Government costs that are expressly unallowable, or mutually agreed to be unallowable, or not allocable to government contracts per the applicable regulations. Revenue recorded for government contract work is reduced for our estimate of potentially unallowable costs related to issues that may be categorized as disputed or unallowable as a result of cost overruns or the audit process. Our estimates of potentially unallowable costs are based upon, among other things, our internal analysis of the facts and circumstances, terms of the contracts and the applicable provisions of the FAR, quality of supporting documentation for costs incurred, and subcontract terms as applicable. From time to time, we engage outside counsel to advise us on certain matters in determining whether certain costs are allowable. We also review our analysis and findings with the administrative contracting officer (“ACO”) as appropriate. In some cases, we may not reach agreement with the DCAA or the ACO regarding potentially unallowable costs which may result in our filing of claims in various courts such as the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals (“ASBCA”) or the United States Court of Federal Claims (“COFC”). We only include amounts in revenue related to disputed and potentially unallowable costs when we determine it is probable that such costs will result in revenue. We generally do not recognize additional revenue for disputed or potentially unallowable costs for which revenue has been previously reduced until we reach agreement with the DCAA and/or the ACO that such costs are allowable.

Goodwill Impairment Testing. Goodwill represents the excess of cost over the fair market value of net assets acquired in business combinations and, in accordance with FASB ASC 350 Intangibles – Goodwill and Other, we are required to test goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, and more frequently when negative conditions or other triggering events arise. We test goodwill for impairment annually as of October 1. As of December 31, 2011, we had goodwill totaling $951 million on our consolidated balance sheet. Our operations are grouped into four segments: Hydrocarbons; Infrastructure, Government & Power; Services; and Other. Within those segments we operate 10 business units which are also our operating segments as defined by FASB ASC 280 – Segment Reporting and our reporting units as defined by FASB ASC 350. In accordance with FASB ASC 350, we conduct our goodwill impairment testing at the reporting unit level which consists of our 10 business units. The reporting units include Gas Monetization, Oil & Gas, Downstream, Technology, North American Government & Logistics, International Government, Defense and Support Services, Power & Industrial, Infrastructure & Minerals, Services, and Ventures business units, as well as the Allstates staffing business.

Our annual impairment test for goodwill at October 1, 2011 was a quantitative analysis using a two-step process that involves comparing the estimated fair value of each business unit to its carrying value, including goodwill. If the fair value of a business unit exceeds its carrying amount, the goodwill of the business unit is not considered impaired; therefore, the

 

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second step of the impairment test is unnecessary. If the carrying amount of a business unit exceeds its fair value, we perform the second step of the goodwill impairment test to measure the amount of goodwill impairment loss to be recorded, as necessary.

Consistent with prior years, the fair values of business units in 2011 were determined using a combination of two methods, one based on market earnings multiples of peer companies identified for each business unit (the market approach), and the other based on discounted cash flow models with estimated cash flows based on internal forecasts of revenues and expenses over a four year period plus a terminal value period (the income approach).

The market approach estimates fair value by applying earnings and revenue market multiples to a business unit’s operating performance for the trailing twelve-month period. The market multiples are derived from comparable publicly traded companies with operating and investment characteristics similar to those of each of our reporting units. The earnings multiples for the market approach ranged from 1.2 times to 13.0 times the earnings for each of our business units. The income approach estimates fair value by discounting each business unit’s estimated future cash flows using a weighted-average cost of capital that reflects current market conditions and the risk profile of each business unit. To arrive at our future cash flows, we use estimates of economic and market information, including growth rates in revenues, costs, estimates of future expected changes in operating margins, tax rates, and cash expenditures. Other significant estimates and assumptions include terminal value growth rates, future estimates of capital expenditures and changes in future working capital requirements. The risk-adjusted discount rates applied to our future cash flows under the income approach ranged from 17.5% to 24.8%. The fair value derived from the weighting of these two methods provided appropriate valuations that, in aggregate, reasonably reconciled to our market capitalization, taking into account observable control premiums.

In addition to the earnings multiples and the discount rates disclosed above, certain other judgments and estimates are used to prepare the goodwill impairment test. If market conditions change compared to those used in our market approach, or if actual future results of operations fall below the projections used in the income approach, our goodwill could become impaired in the future.

We believe these two approaches are appropriate valuation techniques and we generally weight the two resulting values equally as an estimate of business unit fair value for the purposes of our impairment testing. However, we may weigh one value more heavily than the other when conditions merit doing so.

At October 1, 2011, our market capitalization exceeded the carrying value of our consolidated net assets by $1.6 billion and, except for the Servicer reporting unit discussed below, the fair value of all our reporting units substantially exceeded their respective carrying amounts as of that date. However, the fair value for the Downstream, P&I, I&M, Services and Allstates reporting units exceeded their carrying values based on projected growth rates and other market inputs to our impairment test models that are more sensitive to the risk of future variances due to competitive market conditions as well as business unit execution risks. If future variances for these assumptions are significant, the fair values of these business units may not substantially exceed their carrying values in future periods. The fair value of the Services reporting unit exceeded its carrying value by approximately 4% and total goodwill allocated to the reporting unit was approximately $287 million at October 1, 2011. The valuation model for the Services business unit assumes a recovery in North American construction service revenues and profit margins from 2010 and 2011 levels.

We review our projected growth rates, other market inputs used in our impairment test models, changes in our business and other factors that could represent indicators of impairment. In 2012, we intend to report the Infrastructure and Minerals business units separately and have concluded that each will be considered a separate reporting unit for goodwill impairment testing purposes. Subsequent to our October 1, 2011 annual impairment test, we reviewed the new Infrastructure and Minerals reporting units and no indication of impairment was identified.

In the third quarter of 2009, we recognized a goodwill impairment charge of approximately $6 million related to the Allstates staffing business unit in connection with our annual goodwill impairment test on September 30, 2009. The charge was primarily the result of a decline in the staffing market, the effect of the recession on the market, and our reduced forecasts of the sales, operating income and cash flows for this business unit that were identified through the course of our 2009 annual planning process.

Deferred taxes and tax contingencies. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the financial statements or tax returns. A current tax asset or liability is recognized for the estimated taxes refundable or payable on tax returns for the current year. A deferred tax asset or liability is recognized for the estimated future tax effects attributable to temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and the income tax basis of assets and liabilities. The measurement of current and deferred tax assets and liabilities is based on provisions of the enacted tax law, and the effects of potential future changes in tax laws or rates are not considered.

In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, we consider whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. A valuation allowance is provided for deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that these items will not be realized. We consider the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. Additionally, we use forecasts of certain tax elements such as taxable income and foreign tax credit utilization and the evaluation of tax planning strategies in making this assessment of realization. Given the inherent uncertainty involved with the use of such assumptions, there can be significant variation between anticipated and actual results. As of

 

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December 31, 2011, we had net deferred tax assets of $326 million, which are net of deferred tax liabilities of $207 million and a valuation allowance of $25 million primarily related to certain foreign branch net operating losses. In 2011, we decreased our valuation allowance by approximately $7 million primarily as a result of net operating losses in certain foreign locations that expired during the year or that we do not believe we will be able to utilize.

We have operations in numerous countries other than the United States. Consequently, we are subject to the jurisdiction of a significant number of taxing authorities. The income earned in these various jurisdictions is taxed on differing bases, including income actually earned, income deemed earned, and revenue-based tax withholding. The final determination of our tax liabilities involves the interpretation of local tax laws, tax treaties, and related authorities in each jurisdiction. Changes in the operating environment, including changes in tax law and currency/repatriation controls, could impact the determination of our tax liabilities for a tax year.

Income tax positions must meet a more-likely-than-not recognition threshold to be recognized. Income tax positions that previously failed to meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are recognized in the first subsequent financial reporting period in which that threshold is met. Previously recognized tax positions that no longer meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are derecognized in the first subsequent financial reporting period in which that threshold is no longer met. The company recognizes potential interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense.

Tax filings of our subsidiaries, unconsolidated affiliates, and related entities are routinely examined in the normal course of business by tax authorities. These examinations may result in assessments of additional taxes, which we work to resolve with the tax authorities and through the judicial process. Predicting the outcome of disputed assessments involves some uncertainty. Factors such as the availability of settlement procedures, willingness of tax authorities to negotiate, and the operation and impartiality of judicial systems vary across the different tax jurisdictions and may significantly influence the ultimate outcome. We review the facts for each assessment, and then utilize assumptions and estimates to determine the most likely outcome and provide taxes, interest, and penalties as needed based on this outcome.

Legal and Investigation Matters. As discussed in Notes 9 and 10 of our consolidated financial statements, as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, we have accrued an estimate of the probable and estimable costs for the resolution of some of our legal and investigation matters. For other matters for which the liability is not probable and reasonably estimable, we have not accrued any amounts. Attorneys in our legal department monitor and manage all claims filed against us and review all pending investigations. Generally, the estimate of probable costs related to these matters is developed in consultation with internal and outside legal counsel representing us. Our estimates are based upon an analysis of potential results, assuming a combination of litigation and settlement strategies. The precision of these estimates is impacted by the amount of due diligence we have been able to perform. We attempt to resolve these matters through settlements, mediation, and arbitration proceedings when possible. If the actual settlement costs, final judgments, or fines, after appeals, differ from our estimates, our future financial results may be materially and adversely affected. We record adjustments to our initial estimates of these types of contingencies in the periods when the change in estimate is identified.

Pensions. Our pension benefit obligations and expenses are calculated using actuarial models and methods, in accordance with FASB ASC 715 – Compensation—Retirement Benefits. Two of the more critical assumptions and estimates used in the actuarial calculations are the discount rate for determining the current value of benefit obligations and the expected rate of return on plan assets. Other assumptions and estimates used in determining benefit obligations and plan expenses, including demographic factors such as retirement age, mortality, and turnover, are also evaluated periodically and updated accordingly to reflect our actual experience.

The discount rate used to determine the benefit obligations was determined using a cash flow matching approach, which uses projected cash flows matched to spot rates along a high quality corporate yield curve to determine the present value of cash flows to calculate a single equivalent discount rate. The expected long-term rate of return on assets was determined by a stochastic projection that takes into account asset allocation strategies, historical long-term performance of individual asset classes, an analysis of additional return (net of fees) generated by active management, risks using standard deviations and correlations of returns among the asset classes that comprise the plans’ asset mix. Plan assets are comprised primarily of equity and debt securities. As we have both domestic and international plans, these assumptions differ based on varying factors specific to each particular country or economic environment.

The discount rate utilized to determine the projected benefit obligation at the measurement date for our U.S. pension plan decreased to 3.74% at December 31, 2011 from 4.84% at December 31, 2010. The discount rate utilized to determine the projected benefit obligation at the measurement date for our U.K. pension plans, which constitutes all of our international plans and 95% of all plans, decreased to 4.90% at December 31, 2011 from 5.45% at December 31, 2010. An additional future decrease in the discount rate of 25 basis points for our pension plans would increase our projected benefit obligation by

 

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an estimated $86 million and $2 million for the U.K. and U.S. plans, respectively, while a similar increase in the discount rate would reduce our projected benefit obligation by an estimated $81 million and $2 million for the U.K. and U.S. plans, respectively. Our expected long-term rates of return on plan assets utilized at the measurement date remained unchanged at 7.00% for our U.S. pension plans and decreased to 6.60% from 7.00% for our international plan.

Unrecognized actuarial gains and losses are generally being recognized over a period of 10 to 15 years, which represents the expected remaining service life of the employee group. Our unrecognized actuarial gains and losses arise from several factors, including experience and assumption changes in the obligations and the difference between expected returns and actual returns on plan assets. The difference between actual and expected returns is deferred as an unrecognized actuarial gain or loss and is recognized as future pension expense. Our pretax unrecognized actuarial loss in accumulated other comprehensive income at December 31, 2011 was $659 million, of which $27 million is expected to be recognized as a component of our expected 2012 pension expense compared to $21 million in 2011. During 2011, we made contributions to fund our defined benefit plans of $74 million. We currently expect to make contributions in 2012 of approximately $30 million.

The actuarial assumptions used in determining our pension benefits may differ materially from actual results due to changing market and economic conditions, higher or lower withdrawal rates, and longer or shorter life spans of participants. While we believe that the assumptions used are appropriate, differences in actual experience or changes in assumptions may materially affect our financial position or results of operations. Our actuarial estimates of pension benefit expense and expected pension returns of plan assets are discussed in Note 17 in the accompanying financial statements.

During 2012, plan fiduciaries of the Company’s international plan intend to implement a revised investment strategy that reduces risk associated with pension liabilities by further diversifying assets from equities to other asset classes along with the consideration of other risk reduction strategies that may include liability hedging.

Variable Interest Entities. We account for variable interest entities (“VIEs”) in accordance with FASB ASC 810 – Consolidation which requires the consolidation of VIEs in which a company has both the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive the benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. If a reporting enterprise meets these conditions then it has a controlling financial interest and is the primary beneficiary of the VIE. We applied the requirements of FASB ASC 810 on a prospective basis upon adoption at January 1, 2010.

We assess all newly created entities and those with which we become involved to determine whether such entities are VIEs and, if so, whether or not we are their primary beneficiary. Most of the entities we assess are incorporated or unincorporated joint ventures formed by us and our partner(s) for the purpose of executing a project or program for a customer, such as a governmental agency or a commercial enterprise, and are generally dissolved upon completion of the project or program. Many of our long-term energy-related construction projects in our Hydrocarbons business segment are executed through such joint ventures. Typically, these joint ventures are funded by advances from the project owner, and accordingly, require little or no equity investment by the joint venture partners but may require subordinated financial support from the joint venture partners such as letters of credit, performance and financial guarantees or obligations to fund losses incurred by the joint venture. Other joint ventures, such as privately financed initiatives in our Ventures business unit, generally require the partners to invest equity and take an ownership position in an entity that manages and operates an asset post construction.

As required by ASC 810, we perform a qualitative assessment to determine whether we are the primary beneficiary once an entity is identified as a VIE. A qualitative assessment begins with an understanding of the nature of the risks in the entity as well as the nature of the entity’s activities including terms of the contracts entered into by the entity, ownership interests issued by the entity and how they were marketed, and the parties involved in the design of the entity. We then identify all of the variable interests held by parties involved with the VIE including, among other things, equity investments, subordinated debt financing, letters of credit, and financial and performance guarantees, and contracted service providers. Once we identify the variable interests, we determine those activities which are most significant to the economic performance of the entity and which variable interest holder has the power to direct those activities. Though infrequent, some of our assessments reveal no primary beneficiary because the power to direct the most significant activities that impact the economic performance is held equally by two or more variable interest holders who are required to provide their consent prior to the execution of their decisions. Most of the VIEs with which we are involved have relatively few variable interests and are primarily related to our equity investment, significant service contracts, and other subordinated financial support.

 

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Results of Operations

We analyze the financial results for each of our four business groups including the related business units within Hydrocarbons and IGP. The business groups presented are consistent with our reportable segments discussed in Note 5 to our consolidated financial statements. While certain of the business units and product service lines presented below do not meet the criteria for reportable segments in accordance with FASB ASC 280 – Segment Reporting, we believe this supplemental information is relevant and meaningful to our investors.

For purposes of reviewing the results of operations, “business group income” is calculated as revenue less cost of services managed and reported by the business group and are directly attributable to the business group. Business group income excludes unallocated corporate, general, and administrative expenses and other non-operating income and expense items.

Revenue by Business Group

In millions    Years Ended December 31,  
                   2011 vs. 2010            2010 vs. 2009  
Revenue (1)    2011      2010      $     %     2009      $     %  

Hydrocarbons:

                 

Gas Monetization

   $ 3,044       $ 2,829       $ 215        8   $ 2,755       $ 74        3

Oil & Gas

     488         426         62        15     576         (150     (26 )% 

Downstream

     557         584         (27     (5 )%      478         106        22

Technology

     169         130         39        30     97         33        34
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Hydrocarbons

     4,258         3,969         289        7     3,906         63        2
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Infrastructure, Government and Power (“IGP”):

                 

North American Government and Logistics

     2,198         3,307         (1,109     (34 )%      5,189         (1,882     (36 )% 

International Government, Defence and Support Services

     378         369         9        2     288         81        28

Infrastructure and Minerals

     510         271         239        88     337         (66     (20 )% 

Power and Industrial

     242         352         (110     (31 )%      474         (122     (26 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total IGP

     3,328         4,299         (971     (23 )%      6,288         (1,989     (32 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Services

     1,590         1,755         (165     (9 )%      1,863         (108     (6 )% 

Ventures

     65         55         10        18     21         34        162

Other

     20         21         (1     (5 )%      27         (6     (22 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

   $ 9,261       $ 10,099       $ (838     (8 )%    $ 12,105       $ (2,006     (17 )% 
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

(1) We often participate on larger projects as a joint venture partner and also provide services to the joint venture as a subcontractor. The amount included in our revenue represents our share of the earnings (loss) from joint ventures and revenue from services provided to joint ventures.

 

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Income (loss) by Business Group

In millions    Years Ending December 31,  
                  2011 vs. 2010           2010 vs. 2009  
      2011     2010     $     %     2009     $     %  

Business group income (loss):

              

Hydrocarbons:

              

Gas Monetization

   $ 257      $ 252      $ 5        2   $ 178      $ 74        42

Oil & Gas

     104        90        14        16     274        (184     (67 )% 

Downstream

     77        117        (40     (34 )%      59        58        98

Technology

     75        55        20        36     49        6        12
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total job income

     513        514        (1     —          560        (46     (8 )% 

Impairment of long-lived assets

     —          (4     4        100     —          (4     —     

Gain (loss) on sale of assets

     1        —          1        —          —          —          —     

Divisional overhead

     (106     (110     4        4     (96     (14     (15 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Hydrocarbons

     408        400        8        2     464        (64     (14 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Infrastructure, Government and Power (“IGP”):

              

North American Government and Logistics

     212        230        (18     (8 )%      113        117        104

International Government, Defence and Support Services

     128        88        40        45     71        17        24

Infrastructure and Minerals

     60        62        (2     (3 )%      87        (25     (29 )% 

Power and Industrial

     29        37        (8     (22 )%      68        (31     (46 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total job income

     429        417        12        3     339        78        23

Gain (loss) on sale of assets

     (1     —          (1     —          —          —          —     

Divisional overhead

     (162     (145     (17     (12 )%      (151     6        4
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total IGP

     266        272        (6     (2 )%      188        84        45
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Services:

              

Job income

     124        172        (48     (28 )%      167        5        3

Gain (loss) on sale of assets

     1        (1     2        200     —          (1     —     

Divisional overhead

     (67     (69     2        3     (71     2        3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Services

     58        102        (44     (43 )%      96        6        6
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Ventures:

              

Job income (loss)

     45        33        12        36     19        14        74

Gain on sale of assets

     1        3        (2     (67 )%      2        1        50

Divisional overhead

     (4     (3     (1     (33 )%      (2     (1     (50 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Ventures

     42        33        9        27     19        14        74
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Other:

              

Job income

     16        12        4        33     9        3        33

Impairment of long-lived assets

     —          (1     1        100     —          (1     —     

Impairment of goodwill

     —          —          —          —          (6     6        100

Gain (loss) on sale of assets

     1        (2     3        150     —          (2     —     

Divisional overhead

     (8     (7     (1     (14 )%      (6     (1     (17 )% 
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Other

     9        2        7        350     (3     5        167
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total business group income

     783        809        (26     (3 )%      764        45        6

Unallocated amounts:

              

Labor cost absorption income (expense)

     18        12        6        50     (11     23        209

Corporate general and administrative expense

     (214     (212     (2     (1 )%      (217     5        2
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating income

   $ 587      $ 609      $ (22     (4 )%    $ 536      $ 73        14
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Hydrocarbons

Gas Monetization. Revenue from Gas Monetization increased in 2011 by $215 million compared to 2010, primarily due to higher progress on the Gorgon LNG and Escravos GTL projects which increased revenue by $232 million in the aggregate. Revenue further increased by approximately $121 million as a result of higher activity on a FEED project awarded in late 2010 and activity on other projects. Partially offsetting the increases were declines in revenue of approximately $142 million in the aggregate due to lower activity on the Skikda LNG and Pearl GTL projects as well as the completion of other LNG and GTL projects in 2010.

Gas Monetization job income increased by $5 million in 2011 compared to 2010. Job income increased by $41 million as a result of increased activity on the EPCM portion of the Gorgon LNG project, the sale of our interest in an unconsolidated joint venture, the reversal of commercial agent fees on a completed LNG project and activity on other projects. These increases were partially offset by a decrease of approximately $32 million primarily due to income in 2010 related to change orders associated with the completion of an LNG project that did not recur in 2011 and lower subcontractor activity on the Skikda LNG project.

 

34


Revenue from Gas Monetization increased in 2010 as compared to 2009 by $74 million primarily due to increased activity from the Gorgon LNG and several other LNG projects. Revenue from these projects increased $442 million in the aggregate compared to 2009 primarily as a result of the transition from the FEED to the EPCM portion of the Gorgon project as well as absence of losses in 2009 from two joint ventures executing LNG projects that were substantially completed in 2010. Partially offsetting these increases in revenue was a decline in revenue of approximately $360 million due to lower activity and progress on the Skikda LNG and Pearl GTL projects as well as projects that were completed in 2009.

Gas Monetization job income increased approximately $74 million in 2010 compared to the same period of the prior year. Job income increased $117 million as a result of increased activity on the EPCM potion of the Gorgon LNG project as well as change orders on an LNG project executed through a joint venture which was substantially completed in 2011. Additionally, job income increased due to the absence of a charge of $30 million in 2009 on an LNG project resulting from schedule delays, subcontractor claims and equipment failures. Partially offsetting the increases in job income were decreases of approximately $60 million in the aggregate on the Escravos and Pearl GTL projects and lower activity on another LNG project that was completed in 2009. Additionally in 2010, primarily due to actions and inactions on the part of the customer, we identified increases in the estimated cost to complete an LNG project due to a schedule delay which resulted in a non-cash charge of approximately $42 million to job income in the third quarter of 2010. Additionally, we negotiated a final settlement agreement with one of our commercial agents who provided services to various Gas Monetization projects which resulted in a non-cash increase to Gas Monetization job income of approximately $42 million in the third quarter of 2010. Prior to the settlement, the agent was evaluated and approved under our policies on business conduct.

Oil & Gas. Revenue from Oil & Gas increased by $62 million in 2011 compared to 2010. New technical service projects and additional phases of existing projects primarily in the North Sea, Caspian Sea and Gulf of Mexico contributed approximately $127 million to the increase in 2011 revenue, partially offset by a decrease of approximately $75 million due to lower volume and progress on projects that were either completed or nearing completion during 2011. Job income increased by $14 million mainly as a result of the new project awards and increased activity on existing projects as well as close-out activity on completed projects.

Revenue from Oil & Gas decreased by $150 million, and job income decreased by $184 million in 2010 compared to 2009. The decrease in revenue and job income is primarily due to favorable arbitration award in 2009 on the EPC 1 project performed for PEMEX which contributed approximately $183 million to revenues in 2009. Increased revenue and job income related to new project awards and higher progress on existing projects in 2010 partially offset the impact of the EPC1 award recognized in 2009. Additional legal costs related to the Barracuda arbitration and lower margins projects in the Caspian Sea and Gulf of Mexico also contributed to the decline in job income in 2010.

Downstream. Downstream revenue in 2011 decreased by $27 million compared to 2010 primarily due to several projects that were either completed or nearing completion in the year. Revenue on these projects decreased approximately $186 million. This decrease was partially offset by additional revenue of $122 million from newly awarded projects started in late 2010 or during 2011 as well as increased activity on existing projects including the Yanbu and DuPont projects. Downstream job income decreased $40 million in 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to the completion or near completion of projects in Africa and the Middle East, and only partly offset by additional revenue from new projects.

Downstream revenue in 2010 increased by $106 million compared to 2009 primarily due to increases on the Sonangol FEED refining job in Africa and petrochemical projects in the Middle East, which increased approximately $207 million in the aggregate as a result of increased activity over the prior year. These increases in revenue were partially offset by lower revenues of $24 million on the Saudi Kayan project and $61 million on other projects nearing completion.

Downstream job income in 2010 increased by approximately $58 million as compared to the same period of the prior year. The increase was primarily driven by increased activity on several projects which resulted in an increase in job income of $66 million in 2010. Additionally, Downstream job income in 2009 included $17 million in charges on our EBIC ammonia project due to additional costs related to the commissioning and start up of the plant which did not recur in 2010. Partially offsetting these increases in job income was a charge of approximately $9 million related to an account receivable reserve adjustment recorded in the second quarter of 2010 as well as decreases on several projects that were completed or nearing completion.

Technology. Technology revenue and job income in 2011 increased $39 million and $20 million compared to 2010, respectively, primarily due to the progress achieved on a new grassroots ammonia, urea and granulation complex project in Brazil and other petrochemical and ammonia projects located in China, India, Indonesia and Korea. These new projects contributed approximately $73 million to the increase in Technology revenue and approximately $36 million to the increase in Technology job income in 2011. Partially offsetting these increases were decreases in revenue and job income associated with the completion of engineering services on several projects located in Turkmenistan, India, China, Korea, and Angola.

 

35


Technology revenue and job income in 2010 increased $33 million and $6 million as compared to 2009, respectively, primarily due to the progress achieved on a number of new projects including several grassroots ammonia and urea projects in Brazil, Turkmenistan and India, as well as petrochemical plants in China. These new projects contributed approximately $57 million to the increase in Technology revenue and approximately $29 million to the increase in Technology job income in 2010. Partially offsetting these increases were decreases in revenue and job income associated with the completion of engineering services on several ammonia projects located in Venezuela, Trinidad, and India, and other refining projects in Spain and Russia.

Infrastructure, Government and Power (“IGP”)

North American Government and Logistics (“NAGL”, formerly North American Government and Defense”). Revenue from our NAGL Operations decreased by $1.1 billion in the 2011 compared to 2010, mainly as a result of an overall reduction in the volume of U.S. military support activities due to troop drawdown and related base closures in Iraq and completion of work in Afghanistan under our LogCAP III contract. Revenue from the LogCAP III contract declined approximately $1.3 billion in 2011. As of December 31, 2011, we have concluded our in-theater Iraqi operations under the LogCAP III contract and will continue to complete any remaining tasks from Kuwait and Dubai into early 2012. Revenue decreases under the LogCAP III contract were partially offset by an increase of approximately $188 million associated with our LogCAP IV task order that began in mid-2010.

Job income from NAGL decreased by $18 million in 2011 compared to 2010. Lower volume of activity on our LogCAP III contract resulted in a reduction to job income of approximately $46 million. Additionally, recognized LogCAP III award fees declined by approximately $54 million in 2011 compared to 2010. These declines in job income were partially offset by increases of approximately $69 million related to fixed-fees and lower revenue adjustments recognized for potentially unallowable costs on the LogCAP III contract. LogCAP IV task order activity in 2011 resulted in an increase of $17 million to job income as compared to 2010.

Revenue from NAGL decreased approximately $1.9 billion in 2010 compared to 2009. The decrease in NAGL revenue includes a $2 billion decline resulting from an overall reduction in volume for U.S. military support activities primarily in Iraq under our LogCAP III contract. The lower volume was primarily due to reductions in staff and personnel on the project as military bases continued to close and combat troop levels declined throughout 2010. The decreases in revenue on the LogCAP III project were partially offset by an increase in revenue of $246 million on a task order under the LogCAP IV contract. Also contributing to the decrease in NAGL revenue in 2010 was $130 million less revenue as a result of lower volumes of work under the CENTCOM project.

2010 NAGL job income increased by approximately $117 million primarily due to the net impact of the charge related to the write-off of award fees in 2009 on the LogCAP III contract previously accrued in 2008 and recognition of award fees in 2010 for periods of performance from May 2008 through May 2010 awarded to us in the second and third quarters of 2010. The net impact of this award fee activity resulted in an increase to job income of approximately $159 in 2010. The increases in NAGL job income due to the award fees were partially offset by lower volume of activity on our LogCAP III contract as a result of the overall reduction in volume of U.S. military support activities in 2010 primarily in Iraq which resulted in a decrease to job income of $74 million. Additionally, job income on the LogCAP III contract decreased due to the absence of a gain of $17 million in 2009 related to the billing of costs incurred in previous periods related to the litigation with one our LogCAP III subcontractors and charges recorded in 2010 of $23 million associated with potentially unallowable costs.

International Government, Defence and Support Services (“IGDSS”, formerly International Government and Defence). Revenue from IGDSS increased by $9 million in 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to commencement of service under new NATO contracts in Afghanistan, reduced cost estimates for the remaining period of performance for construction activities on the Allenby & Connaught project and various other new project awards. These increases to revenue were partially offset by decreases in revenue due to lower activity on the Temporary Deployable Accommodation project as well as absence of new task orders under the CONLOG contract. Job income increased $40 million in 2011 compared to 2010 mainly due to the reduced cost estimates on the Allenby & Connaught project that produced approximately $33 million of additional job income during 2011, increased activity on NATO contracts in Afghanistan and operations-related efficiencies in other contingency logistics and construction management projects.

 

36


Revenue from IGDSS increased approximately $81 million and job income increased $17 million in 2010 compared to 2009. The increase in revenue was primarily related to the ongoing presence of troops in Afghanistan where we provide contingency logistics, operations and maintenance and other services to the U.K. MoD and NATO under the TDA and NAMSA projects. Job income in 2010 increased as a result of higher construction margins on the Allenby & Connaught project due to increased volumes of construction activity as well as contingency releases related to warranty expirations on other projects.

Infrastructure and Minerals (“I&M”). Revenue from I&M increased approximately $239 million in 2011 compared to 2010 primarily due to the additional project revenue of $171 million generated by R&S acquired in December 2010 as well as increased activity on a minerals project in Australia and a transport project in Qatar which both commenced in late 2010. These increases were partially offset by revenue reductions due to the completion of water projects in the UK and Australia as well lower overall activity on various infrastructure projects due to deferred government spending resulting from flooding in Queensland, Australia. Job income from I&M decreased $2 million in 2011 compared to 2010 primarily as a result of project loss provisions totaling $25 million recognized on three projects acquired from R&S due to increased cost estimates at completion. These losses were partially offset by job income due to increased activity in 2011 on the minerals project in Australia and the transport project in Qatar as well as project incentives earned on a transport project in Australia.

Revenue from I&M decreased approximately $66 million in 2010 compared to 2009 due to lower overall activity on several projects. The projects were either completed in 2010 or scaled down as a result of the global economic conditions in 2009 and 2010. Additionally, new project awards were either delayed or canceled further contributing to the decrease. Job income from I&M decreased in 2010 by approximately $25 million primarily as a result of the overall decrease in project activity primarily in Australia and fewer project awards.

Power and Industrial (“P&I”). Revenue from P&I decreased by $110 million and job income decreased by $8 million in 2011 as compared to 2010 due to the completion of procurement, construction and fieldwork activities on various projects during 2011. These decreases were partially offset by increased workload and improved margins on various existing engineering projects and the award of several new projects in 2011.

Revenue from P&I decreased by $122 million in 2010 compared to 2009 largely as a result of the completion of fieldwork on projects with Georgia Power and Procter & Gamble in early 2010 and reduced workload on the Red River project as it neared completion. These decreases were partially offset by increased volume on a new waste-to-energy refurbishment project in Florida and increased scope on other existing projects. Job income from P&I decreased by $31 million in 2010 primarily as a result of completion of the Georgia Power and Procter & Gamble projects, lower profits on the Red River project as it neared completion, and the effect of a non-recurring $9 million gain in 2009 from collection of a fully-reserved project receivable. These declines were partially offset by improved job income of $10 million related to construction mobilization on the waste-to-energy refurbishment project.

Services

Services revenue in 2011 decreased by $165 million compared to 2010. Revenue declined by approximately $303 million in our U.S. Construction Group and $93 million in our Canada operations primarily as a result of completion or near completion of several large projects. These declines were partially offset by increases in revenue of approximately $208 million in our Building Services group due to higher activity on several hospital projects and approximately $35 million in our Industrial Services group from increased construction, maintenance and services under a new multi-site contract throughout the Eastern and Gulf Coast regions of the U.S. Job income decreased in 2011 compared to 2010 by $48 million primarily due to the decline in U.S. Construction Group and Canada activity resulting from completion or near completion of several projects which was partially offset by the increased Building Group project activity on the hospital projects.

Services revenue in 2010 decreased by $108 million compared to 2009. Revenue declined $95 million in our U.S. Construction Group and a combined $93 million in our Building group and Canada operations. The primary driver for the declines was the completion several projects or projects being near completion and the lack of new project awards. These declines were partially offset by an increase in revenue of $82 million from our Industrial Services group primarily as a result of increased construction maintenance and services under a new multi-site contract for DuPont throughout the Eastern and Gulf Coast regions of the U.S., the Atlanta Public Schools project, as well as the increased levels of turnaround work based in Canada. Job income increased by approximately $5 million in 2010 compared to 2009. The increase in job income resulted from the increased activity on the multi-site DuPont project, the Atlanta Public Schools and the Hunt Refining projects as well as favorable change orders on a power plant contract. These increases were partially offset by the lower profits on projects in our Canadian and US Construction operations that are nearing completion.

 

37


Ventures

Our Venture’s operations consist of investments in joint ventures accounted for under the equity method of accounting, net of tax. Ventures revenue was $65 million and job income was $45 million in 2011 compared to revenue of $55 million and job income of $33 million in 2010. The increase in revenue and job income is primarily attributable to increased sales volume and higher ammonia prices related to the EBIC ammonia plant in Egypt.

Ventures revenue was $55 million and job income was $33 million in 2010 as compared to revenue of $21 million and job income of $19 million in 2009. The increase in revenue is primarily attributable to the consolidation of Fasttrax Limited upon the adoption of ASC 810 in the first quarter of 2010. Fasttrax Limited is the primary contracting entity with the U.K. MoD in a project that owns and operates heavy equipment transport vehicles for the U.K. military. This variable interest entity, in which we have a 50% ownership interest, was previously accounted for using the equity method of accounting. Ventures job income increased during 2010 primarily due to the consolidation of Fasttrax Ltd. as well as improved performance of the EBIC ammonia plant project which became operational in 2009. The EBIC ammonia plant performance benefited from a full year of operation in 2010, which resulted in increased sales volume and higher ammonia prices compared to 2009. In addition, job income from the Aspire Defence project improved in 2010 compared to 2009 resulting from the increase in the number of assets being accepted into service and lower maintenance costs.

Services Revenue by Market Sector

The Services business group provides construction management, direct hire construction and maintenance services to clients in a number of markets that are also served by our other business units. We believe customer focus, attention to highly productive delivery, and a diverse market presence are the keys to our success in delivering construction and maintenance services. Accordingly, the Services business group focuses on these key success factors. The analysis below is supplementally provided to present the revenue generated by Services based on the markets served, some of which are the same sectors served by our other business groups. The perspective highlights the markets served by our Services business group.

 

$000,000 $000,000 $000,000
     Year Ending December 31, 2011  

(in millions)

   Business
Group
Revenue
     Services
Revenue
    Total
Revenue by
Market
Sectors
 

Hydrocarbons:

       

Gas Monetization

   $ 3,044       $ —        $ 3,044   

Oil & Gas

     488         165        653   

Downstream

     557         377        934   

Technology

     169         —          169   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Hydrocarbons

     4,258         542        4,800   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Infrastructure, Government and Power (“IGP”):

       

North American Government and Logistics

     2,198         80        2,278   

International Government, Defence and Support Services

     378         —          378   

Infrastructure and Minerals

     510         —          510   

Power and Industrial

     242         968        1,210   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total IGP

     3,328         1,048        4,376   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Services

     1,590         (1,590     —     

Other

     85         —          85   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total KBR Revenue

   $ 9,261       $ —        $ 9,261   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

38


 

     Year Ending December 31, 2010  

(in millions)

   Business
Group
Revenue
     Services
Revenue
    Total
Revenue by
Market
Sectors
 

Hydrocarbons:

       

Gas Monetization

   $ 2,829       $ —        $ 2,829   

Oil & Gas

     426         297        723   

Downstream

     584         534        1,118   

Technology

     130         —          130   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Hydrocarbons

     3,969         831        4,800   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Infrastructure, Government and Power (“IGP”):

       

North American Government and Logistics

     3,307         97        3,404   

International Government, Defence and Support Services

     369         —          369   

Infrastructure and Minerals

     271         —          271   

Power and Industrial

     352         827        1,179   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total IGP

     4,299         924        5,223   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Services

     1,755         (1,755     —     

Other

     76         —          76   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total KBR Revenue

   $ 10,099       $ —        $ 10,099   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

     Year Ending December 31, 2009  

(in millions)

   Business
Group
Revenue
     Services
Revenue
    Total
Revenue by
Market
Sectors
 

Hydrocarbons:

       

Gas Monetization

   $ 2,755       $ —        $ 2,755   

Oil & Gas

     576         337        913   

Downstream

     478         538        1,016   

Technology

     97         —          97   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total Hydrocarbons

     3,906         875        4,781   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Infrastructure, Government and Power (“IGP”):

       

North American Government and Logistics

     5,189         59        5,248   

International Government, Defence and Support Services

     288         —          288   

Infrastructure and Minerals

     337         —          337   

Power and Industrial

     474         929        1,403   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total IGP

     6,288         988        7,276   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Services

     1,863         (1,863     —     

Other

     48         —          48   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total KBR Revenue

   $ 12,105       $ —        $ 12,105   
  

 

 

    

 

 

   

 

 

 

Corporate, tax and other matters

Labor cost absorption represents costs incurred by our central labor and resource groups net of the amounts charged to the operating business units. Labor cost absorption income was $18 million in 2011, an increase of $6 million over prior year, primarily due to higher chargeability and utilization in several of our engineering offices including Jakarta, Singapore, Monterrey and Birmingham. Labor cost absorption income was $12 million in 2010 compared to labor cost absorption expense of $11 million in 2009.

General and administrative expense was $214 million in 2011 compared to $212 million in 2010. The increase in 2011 is largely due to information technology support costs, enterprise resource planning (“ERP”) project expenses and employee salary and benefits related expenses primarily in Australia and the U.K. The increases were partially offset by

 

39


lower incentive compensation in 2011 as well as a reduction in expenses associated with legal restructuring of a foreign subsidiary completed in 2010. General and administrative expense was $212 million and $217 million in 2010 and 2009, respectively. General and administrative expense declined in 2010 due to lower incentive compensation costs, lower legal costs and reductions associated with other cost containment measures. Additionally, in 2009 we wrote-off costs associated with our contemplated West Houston campus project. Partially offsetting these reductions were higher G&A costs associated with corporate development activities, higher U.K. pension costs driven by unfavorable changes in assumptions that impacted 2010 expense and other risk and benefit programs.

Net interest expense was $18 million in 2011, an increase of $1 million compared to 2010. Interest expense on the non-recourse project-finance debt related to Fasttrax was approximately $3 million higher in 2011 compared to 2010. Partly offsetting this increase is the reduction in expense associated with favorable terms of our new Credit Agreement. Higher interest income of $1 million in 2011 also reduced net interest expense compared to 2010. Net interest expense was $17 million in 2010 compared to $1 million in 2009. The additional expense in 2010 primarily resulted from increased commitment fees paid under the terms of our prior credit agreement, increased rates associated with outstanding performance-related and financial-related issued letters of credit, and fees paid to our former parent for guarantees provided to us for various financial commitments. Additionally, interest expense recognized in 2010 on non-recourse project-finance debt was $7 million higher due to the consolidation of Fasttrax Limited effective January 1, 2010.

We had foreign currency gains of $3 million in 2011 and foreign currency losses of $4 million in 2010. Foreign currency gains in 2011 were primarily due to the weakening U.S. Dollar against most major currencies. Foreign currency losses in 2010 were primarily due to the weakening Euro and from currencies with no hedge market such as the Algerian Dinar. Some of these positions were not fully hedged.

The effective tax rate on pretax earnings was 5.6%, 32.6%, and 31.5% for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009, respectively. Our U.S. statutory tax rate for all years was 35%. Excluding discrete items, our effective tax rate was approximately 29.3% for the year ended December 31, 2011. The effective tax rate for 2011, excluding discrete items, was lower than the U.S. statutory rate due to favorable tax rate differentials on foreign earnings and lower tax expense on foreign income from unincorporated joint ventures. In 2011, we recognized discrete tax benefits including a $69 million tax benefit related to the arbitration award against KBR associated with the Barracuda-Caratinga project in Brazil as well as $32 million in tax benefits related to the reduction of deferred tax liabilities associated with the pending liquidation of an unconsolidated joint venture in Australia resulting in a net effective tax rate of approximately 5.6%. In September 2011, an arbitration panel in the Barracuda-Caratinga arbitration awarded Petrobras approximately $193 million which will be deductible for tax purposes, and for which we are indemnified by our former parent, Halliburton. The indemnification payment from Halliburton to KBR will be treated by KBR for tax purposes as a contribution to capital and accordingly is not taxable income. Consequently, the arbitration ruling resulted in a tax benefit during 2011. In addition, we recognized other discrete tax benefits in 2011 totaling approximately $34 million primarily from favorable return to accrual adjustments, I.R.S. audit adjustments and the execution of tax planning strategies.

The effective tax rate for the year ended December 31, 2010 was lower than our statutory rate primarily due to favorable rate differentials on foreign earnings, benefits associated with income from unincorporated joint ventures and several favorable discrete tax items including the true-up of prior year U.S. income taxes and utilization of additional U.S. foreign tax credits during 2010. The effective tax rate for 2009 was lower than our statutory rate primarily due to favorable rate differentials on foreign earnings compared to the U.S. tax rate, the favorable final determination of previously estimated 2008 domestic and foreign taxable income made in connection with the preparation and filing of our 2008 consolidated tax returns and the benefit associated with income on unincorporated joint ventures.

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests was $60 million, $68 million and $74 million in 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively. The decrease in 2011 compared to 2010 resulted from lower noncontrolling interests due to the purchase of the remaining 44.94% interest in our MWKL subsidiary in 2011. These declines were partially offset by higher earnings on certain LNG and GTL projects executed by consolidated joint ventures.

 

40


Backlog

Backlog represents the dollar amount of revenue we expect to realize in the future as a result of performing work on contracts awarded to us. We generally include total expected revenue in backlog when a contract is awarded and/or the scope is definitized. In many instances, arrangements included in backlog are complex, nonrepetitive in nature, and may fluctuate depending on estimated revenue and contract duration. Where contract duration is indefinite, projects included in backlog are limited to the estimated amount of expected revenue within the following twelve months. Certain contracts provide maximum dollar limits, with actual authorization to perform work under the contract being agreed upon on a periodic basis with the customer. In these arrangements, only the amounts authorized are included in backlog. For projects where we act solely in a project management capacity, we only include our management fee revenue of each project in backlog. For certain long-term service contracts with a defined contract term, such as those associated with privately financed projects, the amount included in backlog is limited to five years.

For our projects related to unconsolidated joint ventures, we have included in the table below our percentage ownership of the joint venture’s estimated revenue in backlog. However, because these projects are accounted for under the equity method, only our share of future earnings from these projects will be recorded in our revenue. Our backlog for projects related to unconsolidated joint ventures totaled $1.7 billion at December 31, 2011 and at December 31, 2010. We also consolidate joint ventures which are majority-owned and controlled or are variable interest entities in which we are the primary beneficiary. Our backlog included in the table below for projects related to consolidated joint ventures with noncontrolling interests includes 100% of the backlog associated with those joint ventures and totaled $3.2 billion at December 31, 2011 and $4.2 billion at December 31, 2010. All backlog is attributable to firm orders as of December 31, 2011 and 2010. Backlog attributable to unfunded government orders was $395 million at December 31, 2011 and $137 million as of December 31, 2010.

Backlog

 

     December 31,  

(in millions)

   2011      2010  

Hydrocarbons:

     

Gas Monetization

   $ 3,880       $ 5,509   

Oil & Gas

     289         325   

Downstream

     546         525   

Technology

     258         201   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total Hydrocarbons backlog

   $ 4,973       $ 6,560   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Infrastructure, Government and Power (“IGP”):

     

North American Government and Logistics

     899         1,043   

International Government, Defence and Support Services

     1,086         1,223   

Infrastructure and Minerals

     502         446   

Power and Industrial

     777         177   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total IGP backlog

   $ 3,264       $ 2,889   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Services

     1,766         1,771   

Ventures

     928         821   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total backlog for continuing operations

   $ 10,931       $ 12,041   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

We estimate that as of December 31, 2011, 59% of our backlog will be executed within one year. As of December 31, 2011, 25% of our backlog was attributable to fixed-price contracts and 75% was attributable to cost-reimbursable contracts. For contracts that contain both fixed-price and cost-reimbursable components, we classify the components as either fixed-price or cost-reimbursable according to the composition of the contract except for smaller contracts where we characterize the entire contract based on the predominant component.

Hydrocarbons backlog declined approximately $1.6 billion primarily due to work performed in our Gas Monetization business unit on the Escravos GTL, Skikda LNG, Pearl GTL and other projects partially offset by an increase in estimated reimbursable project costs on the Gorgon LNG project in Australia.

IGP Backlog increased by $375 million as a result of recent awards in our P&I business unit of a fixed-price waste-to-energy plant expansion project and a reimbursable contract for an integrated gasification combined cycle plant construction project as well as other new awards in our I&M and IGDSS business units. These increases in new awards were partially offset by work performed on existing projects and other adjustments in the NAGL and IGDSS business units.

 

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Services backlog remained essentially unchanged as work performed in the Building Group was offset by new awards and other adjustments in the U.S., Canada and Industrial Services product lines.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Our operating cash flow can vary significantly from year to year and are affected by the mix, terms and percentage of completion of our engineering and construction projects. We often receive cash through advanced billings to our customers on our larger engineering and construction projects and those of our consolidated joint ventures. Joint venture cash balances are limited to joint venture activities and are not available for general cash needs, use on other projects or distributions to us without proper approval by the respective joint venture. As client cash advances are used in the execution of a project, they are recovered through regular or milestone billings to the customer. To the extent our net investment in the operating assets of a project is greater than available project cash, we may utilize other cash on hand, or availability under our Credit Agreement, to satisfy any periodic operating cash requirements.

Engineering and construction projects generally require us to provide credit support to our customers in the form of letters of credit, surety bonds or guarantees. Our ability to obtain new project awards in the future may be dependent on our ability to maintain or increase our letter of credit and surety bonding capacity, which may be further dependent on the timely release of existing letters of credit and surety bonds. As the need for credit support arises letters of credit will be issued under our Credit Agreement or arranged with our banks on a bilateral, syndicated or other basis. We believe we have adequate letter of credit capacity under our existing Credit Agreement and bilateral lines, as well as adequate surety bond capacity under our existing lines to support our operations and current backlog for the next twelve months.

Cash and equivalents totaled $966 million at December 31, 2011 and $786 million at December 31, 2010, which included $244 million and $145 million, respectively, of cash held by our joint ventures that we consolidate for accounting purposes.

As of December 31, 2011, we had restricted cash of $5 million primarily related to the amounts held on deposit with certain banks to collateralize standby letters of credit as well as amounts held on deposit with certain banks to establish foreign operations. Of this, $3 million is included in “Other current assets” and $2 million is included in “Other assets” in the accompanying consolidated financial statements.

Our excess cash is generally invested in either time deposits with commercial banks with an Individual Rating of B or better by Fitch or money market funds governed under rule 2a-7 of the U.S. Investment Company Act of 1940 and rated AAA by Standard & Poor’s or Aaa by Moody’s Investors Service, respectively. As of December 31, 2011, substantially all of our excess cash was held in time deposits with commercial banks with the primary objectives of preserving capital and maintaining liquidity.

We generally do not provide for U.S. federal and state income taxes on the accumulated but undistributed earnings of non-United States subsidiaries. Taxes are provided as necessary with respect to earnings that are considered not permanently reinvested. For all other non-U.S. subsidiaries, no U.S. taxes are provided because such earnings are intended to be reinvested indefinitely to finance foreign activities. These accumulated but undistributed foreign earnings could be subject to additional tax if remitted, or deemed remitted, as a dividend. Determination of the amount of unrecognized deferred U.S. income tax liability is not practicable; however, the potential foreign tax credit associated with the deferred income would be available to reduce the resulting U.S. tax liabilities. As of December 31, 2011, foreign cash and equivalents that could be subject to additional U.S. income taxes and withholding taxes payable to the various foreign jurisdictions if remitted, or deemed remitted, as a dividend, excluding cash held by consolidated joint ventures, is estimated to be approximately $349 million.

 

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Cash flow activities summary

 

$000,000 $000,000 $000,000
     Years Ended December 31,  

Millions of dollars

   2011     2010     2009  

Cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities

   $ 650      $ 549      $ (36

Cash flows used in investing activities

     (88     (397     (9

Cash flows used in financing activities

     (377     (336     (166

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     (5     7        7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and equivalents

     180        (177     (204

Cash increase due to consolidation of a variable interest entity

     —          22        —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net increase (decrease) in cash and equivalents

   $ 180      $ (155   $ (204
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating activities. Cash provided by operations totaled $650 million in 2011, driven primarily by strong earnings and collections of advances and distributions from unconsolidated affiliates of $196 million. Cash remitted for income taxes, net of refunds, was approximately $201 million during 2011. In addition, we contributed approximately $74 million to our pension plans during 2011, including a one-time contribution of approximately $40 million which had been previously agreed with the trustees of our international U.K. plans. Cash held by consolidated joint ventures increased by approximately $99 million.

Cash provided by operating activities during 2010 was primarily driven by strong overall earnings, cash cycle improvements, and active management of working capital to support project execution activities. Cash provided by operations totaled $549 million and included approximately $93 million representing distributions of earnings from our unconsolidated joint ventures and $116 million represented advances from our clients. Cash held by consolidated joint ventures decreased by approximately $91 million.

Investing activities. Cash used in investing activities in 2011 totaled $88 million which was primarily due to capital expenditures of $83 million largely related to information technology projects and leasehold improvements. Additionally, we made investments totaling $11 million in an equity method joint venture associated with the lease extension of our corporate headquarters and received proceeds of $6 million from the sale of an investment.

Cash used in investing activities for 2010 totaled $397 million and related to the net cash paid of approximately $299 million for the acquisition of R&S and Energo Engineering. Capital expenditures were $66 million in 2010. During 2010, we paid $20 million for the exclusive right to certain technology under a 25-year licensing arrangement. We also made investments totaling $12 million in several equity method joint ventures. Cash used in investing activities for 2009 totaled $9 million which consisted primarily of capital expenditures, net of sales proceeds from the sale of an investment in a joint venture.

Financing activities. Cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2011 totaled $377 million and included $178 million of payments to acquire the noncontrolling interest in MWKL, $118 million of payments to repurchase approximately 4 million shares of our common stock, $63 million related to distributions to owners of noncontrolling interests in several of our consolidated joint ventures, $30 million related to dividend payments to our shareholders, and $15 million of payments on debt related to the Fasttrax VIE as well as the payment of financed computer software purchased in 2010. These payments were partially offset by a return of cash of approximately $17 million used to collateralize standby letters of credit.

Cash used in financing activities for the year ended December 31, 2010 totaled $336 million and included $233 million of payments to repurchase approximately 10 million shares of our common stock, $91 million related to distributions to noncontrolling interests of several of our consolidated joint ventures, and $32 million related to dividend payments to shareholders. These payments were partially offset by return of cash used to collateralize standby letters of credit of approximately $28 million.

Cash used in financing activities was $166 million for the year ended December 31, 2009 and included $54 million for distributions to noncontrolling interests of several of our consolidated joint ventures, $32 million related to dividend payments to our shareholders and $31 million for payments to reacquire 2 million shares of our common stock. Additionally, our financing activities included $44 million related to the net cash collateralization of our standby letters of credit in accordance with certain agreements.

 

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Future sources of cash. Future sources of cash include cash flows from operations, including cash advances from our clients, cash derived from working capital management and advances from our Credit Agreement.

Future uses of cash. Future uses of cash will primarily relate to working capital requirements and acquisitions. In addition, we will use cash to fund capital expenditures, pension obligations, operating leases, cash dividends, share repurchases and various other obligations as they arise. Our capital expenditures will be focused primarily on information technology, real estate and equipment/facilities. See “Off balance sheet arrangements – commitments and other contractual obligations” below for a schedule of contractual obligations and other long-term liabilities that will require the use of cash.

Credit Agreement

On December 2, 2011, we entered into a $1 billion, five-year unsecured revolving credit agreement (the “Credit Agreement) with a syndicate of international banks, replacing the three-year unsecured revolving credit agreement, dated November 3, 2009 (the “Prior Credit Agreement”) which terminated upon closing of the Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement expires in December 2016 and can be used for working capital and the issuance of letters of credit for general corporate purposes. Amounts drawn under the Credit Agreement will bear interest at variable rates, per annum, based either on (i) the London interbank offered rate (“LIBOR”) plus an applicable margin of 1.50% to 1.75%, or (ii) a base rate plus an applicable margin of 0.50% to 0.75%, with the base rate being equal to the highest of (a) reference bank’s publicly announced base rate, (b) the Federal Funds Rate plus 0.5%, or (c) LIBOR plus 1%. The amount of the applicable margin to be applied will be determined by the Company’s ratio of consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA for the prior four fiscal quarters, as defined in the Credit Agreement. The Credit Agreement provides for fees on letters of credit issued under the Credit Agreement at a rate equal to the applicable margin for LIBOR-based loans, except for performance letters of credit, which are priced at 50% of such applicable margin. KBR pays an issuance fee of 0.15% of the face amount of a letter of credit upon issuance. KBR also pays a commitment fee of 0.25%, per annum, on any unused portion of the commitment under the Credit Agreement. As of December 31, 2011, there were $245 million in letters of credit and no advances outstanding.

The Credit Agreement contains customary covenants similar to the Prior Credit Agreement which include financial covenants requiring maintenance of a ratio of consolidated debt to consolidated EBITDA not greater than 3.5 to 1 and a minimum consolidated net worth of $2 billion plus 50% of consolidated net income for each quarter beginning December 31, 2011, and 100% of any increase in shareholders’ equity attributable to the sale of equity interests.

The Credit Agreement contains a number of other covenants restricting, among other things, our ability to incur additional liens and indebtedness, enter into asset sales, repurchase our equity shares and make certain types of investments. Our subsidiaries are restricted in incurring indebtedness, however, they are permitted to incur indebtedness as it relates to purchase money obligations, capitalized leases, refinancing or renewals secured by liens upon or in property acquired, constructed or improved in an aggregate principal amount not to exceed $200 million at any time outstanding. Additionally, our subsidiaries may incur unsecured indebtedness not to exceed $200 million in aggregate outstanding principal amount at any time. We are also permitted to repurchase our equity shares, provided that no such repurchases shall be made from proceeds borrowed under the Credit Agreement, and that the aggregate purchase price and dividends paid after December 2, 2011, does not to exceed the Distribution Cap (equal to the sum of $750 million plus the lesser of (1) $400 million and (2) the amount received by us in connection with the arbitration and subsequent litigation of the PEMEX contracts as discussed in Note 4 to our consolidated financial statements). At December 31, 2011, the remaining availability under the Distribution Cap was approximately $732 million.

Currently, we do not believe we have any significant exposure to the ongoing European debt crisis through our banking relationships. Although we maintain banking relationships with several U.K. and continental European banks, very few banks are located in the more economically distressed nations within the European Union, such as Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal or Spain.

 

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Nonrecourse Project Finance Debt

Fasttrax Limited, a joint venture in which we indirectly own a 50% equity interest with an unrelated partner, was awarded a contract in 2001 with the U.K. MoD to provide a fleet of 92 heavy equipment transporters (“HETs”) to the British Army. Under the terms of the arrangement, Fasttrax Limited operates and maintains the HET fleet for a term of 22 years. The purchase of the HETs by the joint venture was financed through a series of bonds secured by the assets of Fasttrax Limited totaling approximately £84.9 million and are non-recourse to KBR and its partner including £12.2 million which was replaced when the shareholders funded combined equity and subordinated debt of approximately £12.2 million. The bonds are guaranteed by Ambac Assurance UK Ltd under a policy that guarantees the schedule of the principle and interest payments to the bond trustee in the event of non-payment by Fasttrax Limited.

The guaranteed secured bonds were issued in two classes consisting of Class A 3.5% Index Linked Bonds in the amount of £56 million and Class B 5.9% Fixed Rate Bonds in the amount of £16.7 million. Payments on both classes of bonds commenced in March 2005 and are due in semi-annual installments over the term of the bonds which end in 2021. Subordinated notes payable to our 50% partner initially bear interest at 11.25% increasing to 16% over the term of the note through 2025. Payments on the subordinated debt commenced in March 2006 and are due in semi-annual installments over the term of the note.

The combined principal installments for both classes of bonds and subordinated notes, including inflation adjusted bond indexation, due for the years ended December 31, 2012 through 2016 totals £6 million in each year and £33 million thereafter. In accordance with FASB ASC 810 our consolidated financial statements for 2011 include the accounts of Fasttrax Limited and accordingly, the cash and equivalents, property, plant and equipment, and the non-recourse project financing debt. The secured bonds are an obligation of Fasttrax Limited and will never be a debt obligation of KBR because they are non-recourse to the joint venture partners. Accordingly, in the event of a default on the term loan, the lenders may only look to the resources of Fasttrax Limited for repayment. For additional information see Note 15 of our consolidated financial statements.

Off balance sheet arrangements

Letters of credit, surety bonds and guarantees. In connection with certain projects, we are required to provide letters of credit, surety bonds or guarantees to our customers. Letters of credit are provided to certain customers and counter-parties in the ordinary course of business as credit support for contractual performance guarantees, advanced payments received from customers and future funding commitments. We have approximately $1.8 billion in committed and uncommitted lines of credit to support the issuance of letters of credit and as of December 31, 2011, and we had utilized $635 million of our credit capacity. Surety bonds are also posted under the terms of certain contracts primarily related to state and local government projects to guarantee our performance. The letters of credit outstanding included $245 million issued under our Credit Agreement and $390 million issued under uncommitted bank lines at December 31, 2011. Of the total letters of credit outstanding, $185 million relate to our joint venture operations and $14 million of the letters of credit have terms that could entitle a bank to require additional cash collateralization on demand. As the need arises, future projects will be supported by letters of credit issued under our Credit Agreement or other lines of credit arranged on a bilateral, syndicated or other basis. We believe we have adequate letter of credit capacity under our Credit Agreement and bilateral lines of credit to support our operations for the next twelve months.

 

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Commitments and other contractual obligations. The following table summarizes our significant contractual obligations and other long-term liabilities as of December 31, 2011:

 

$000,000 $000,000 $000,000 $000,000 $000,000 $000,000 $000,000
     Payments Due         

Millions of dollars

   2012      2013      2014      2015      2016      Thereafter      Total  

Operating leases

     76         70         64         61         57         470         798   

Purchase obligations(a)

     28         21         10         1         —           —           60   

Pension funding obligation (b)

     30         21         20         20         19         122         232   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total (c)

   $ 134       $ 112       $ 94       $ 82       $ 76       $ 592       $ 1,090   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

(a) The purchase obligations disclosed above do not include purchase obligations that we enter into with vendors in the normal course of business that support existing contracting arrangements with our customers. The purchase obligations with our vendors can span several years depending on the duration of the projects. In general, the costs associated with those purchase obligations are expensed to correspond with the revenue earned on the related projects.
(b) The pension obligations are comprised of payments related to our agreement with the trustees of our international plan. The agreement calls for minimum contributions of £15.5 million in 2012; £13.3 million in 2013; £12.5 million in 2014-2019; £10.6 million in 2020 and £10 million in 2021-2023. The foreign funding obligations were converted to U.S. dollars using the conversion rate as of December 31, 2011.
(c) Not included in the total are uncertain tax positions recorded pursuant to FASB ASC 740 – Income Taxes which totaled $120 million, excluding $20 million in interest and penalties as of December 31, 2011. The ultimate timing of when these obligations will be settled cannot be determined with reasonable assurance and have been excluded from the table above. Refer to Note 11 in our consolidated financial statements.

The table above does not include our consolidated non-recourse project-finance debt held by Fasttrax Limited of $98 million. See Note 15 for additional information.

Other obligations. We had commitments to provide funds to our privately financed projects of $17 million as of December 31, 2011 primarily related to future equity funding on our Allenby and Connaught project. Our commitments to fund our privately financed projects are supported by letters of credit as described above. At December 31, 2011, all $17 million will become due within one year.

Other factors affecting liquidity

Government claims. Included in receivables in our balance sheets are unapproved claims for costs incurred under various government contracts totaling $161 million at December 31, 2011 of which $110 million is included in “Account receivable” and $51 million is included in “Unbilled receivables on uncompleted contracts.” Unapproved claims relate to contracts where our costs have exceeded the customer’s funded value of the task order. The $110 million of unapproved claims included in “accounts receivable” results primarily from de-obligated funding on certain task orders that were also subject to Form 1’s relating to certain DCAA audit issues discussed in “U.S. Government Matters.” We believe such disputed costs will be resolved in our favor at which time the customer will be required to obligate funds from appropriations for the year in which resolution occurs. The remaining unapproved claims balance of approximately $51 million primarily represents costs for which incremental funding is pending in the normal course of business. The majority of costs in this category are normally funded within several months after the costs are incurred. The unapproved claims outstanding at December 31, 2011 are considered to be probable of collection and have been previously recognized as revenue.

Liquidated damages. Many of our engineering and construction contracts have milestone due dates that must be met or we may be subject to penalties for liquidated damages if claims are asserted and we were responsible for the delays. These generally relate to specified activities that must be met within a project by a set contractual date or achievement of a specified level of output or throughput of a plant we construct. Each contract defines the conditions under which a customer may make a claim for liquidated damages. However, in many instances, liquidated damages are not asserted by the customer, but the potential to do so is used in negotiating claims and closing out the contract.

Based upon our evaluation of our performance and other legal analysis, we have not accrued for possible liquidated damages related to several projects, totaling $11 million at December 31, 2011 (including amounts related to our share of unconsolidated subsidiaries), that we could incur based upon completing the projects as currently forecasted.

 

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Transactions with Former Parent

Historically, all transactions between Halliburton and KBR were recorded as an intercompany payable or receivable. In 2005, Halliburton contributed $300 million of the intercompany balance to KBR equity in the form of a capital contribution. The remaining portion of the intercompany balance owed to Halliburton was converted to Subordinated Intercompany Notes in the amount of $774 million. In connection with our initial public offering in November 2006 and the separation of our business from Halliburton, we entered into various agreements, including, among others, a master separation agreement, transition services agreements, tax sharing agreement, and made payment in full on the $774 million notes payable.

Pursuant to our master separation agreement, we agreed to indemnify Halliburton for, among other matters, all past, present and future liabilities related to our business and operations. We agreed to indemnify Halliburton for liabilities under various outstanding and certain additional credit support instruments relating to our businesses and for liabilities under litigation matters related to our business. Halliburton agreed to indemnify us for, among other things, liabilities unrelated to our business, for certain other agreed matters relating to the investigation of FCPA and related corruption allegations and the Barracuda-Caratinga project and for other litigation matters related to Halliburton’s business. See “MD&A – Legal Proceedings” for further discussion of matters related to the investigation of FCPA and related corruption allegations and the Barracuda-Caratinga project arbitration. Under the transition services agreements, Halliburton provided various interim corporate support services to us and we provided various interim corporate support services to Halliburton. The tax sharing agreement provides for certain allocations of U.S. income tax liabilities and other agreements between us and Halliburton with respect to tax matters.

As of December 31, 2011, “Due to former parent, net” was approximately $53 million and was comprised primarily of estimated amounts owed to Halliburton under the tax sharing agreement for income taxes. Our estimate of amounts due to Halliburton under the tax sharing agreement was approximately $45 million at December 31, 2011 and relates to income tax adjustments paid by Halliburton subsequent to our separation that were directly attributable to us, primarily for the years from 2001 through 2006. The remaining balance of $8 million included in “Due to former parent, net” as of December 31, 2011 is associated with various other amounts payable to Halliburton arising under the other separation agreements.

During the fourth quarter of 2011, Halliburton provided notice and demanded payment for significantly greater amounts that it alleges are owed by us under the tax sharing agreement for various other tax-related transactions pertaining to periods prior to our separation from Halliburton. We believe that the amount in the demand is invalid based on our internal assessment of Halliburton’s methodology for computing the claim. Based on advice from internal and external legal counsel, we do not believe that Halliburton has a legal entitlement to payment of the amount in the demand. However, although we believe we have appropriately accrued for amounts owed to Halliburton based on our interpretation of the tax sharing agreement, there may be changes to the amounts ultimately paid to or received from Halliburton under the tax sharing agreement upon final settlement.

Included in “Other assets” is an income tax receivable of approximately $18 million related to a foreign tax credit generated as a result of a final settlement we paid to a foreign taxing authority in 2011 for a disputed tax matter that arose prior to our separation from Halliburton. In order to claim the tax credit, we requested, and Halliburton agreed to file an amended U.S. Federal tax return for the period in which the disputed tax liability arose. However, Halliburton notified us during the fourth quarter of 2011 that it does not intend to remit to us the refund received or to be received by Halliburton as a result of the amended return. KBR disputes Halliburton’s position on this matter and believes it has legal entitlement to the $18 million refund. We intend to vigorously pursue collection of this amount and certain other unrecorded counterclaims. The timing of ultimate resolution of these matters will depend in part on future discussion with Halliburton, which if not fruitful, could lead to arbitration under the terms of the separation agreements.

Halliburton indemnities. Halliburton has agreed to indemnify us and certain of our greater than 50%-owned subsidiaries for fines or other monetary penalties or direct monetary damages, including disgorgement, as a result of claims made or assessed against us by U.S. and certain foreign governmental authorities or a settlement thereof, relating to investigations under the FCPA or analogous applicable foreign statutes related investigations with respect to the construction and subsequent expansion by TSKJ of a natural gas liquefaction complex in Nigeria. Halliburton has also agreed to indemnify us for out-of-pocket cash costs and expenses, or cash settlement or cash arbitration awards in lieu thereof, we may incur as a result of the replacement of certain subsea flow-line bolts installed in connection with the Barracuda-Caratinga project. As of December 31, 2011, we have recorded an indemnification receivable due from Halliburton of approximately $197 million associated with our estimated liability in the Barracuda-Caratinga matter which is included in “Other current assets” in the accompanying financial statements. See Note 10 to our consolidated financial statements for further discussion.

 

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Financial Instruments Market Risk

We invest excess cash and equivalents in short-term securities, primarily time deposits, which carry a fixed rate of return for a given tenor. Additionally, a substantial portion of our cash balances are maintained in foreign countries.

We have foreign currency exchange rate risk resulting from our international operations. We do not comprehensively hedge the exposure to currency rate changes; however, we selectively manage these exposures through the use of derivative instruments to mitigate our market risk from these exposures. The objective of our risk management program is to protect our cash flows related to sales or purchases of goods and services from market fluctuations in currency rates. We do not use derivative instruments for speculative trading purposes. We generally utilize currency options and forward exchange contracts to hedge foreign currency transactions entered into in the ordinary course of business. As of December 31, 2011, we had forward foreign exchange contracts of up to 46 months in duration to exchange major world currencies. The total gross notional amount of these contracts at December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009 was $352 million, $403 million, and $406 million, respectively. These contracts had fair values of $5 million, $6 million and $3 million at December 31, 2011, 2010 and 2009, respectively.

Transactions with Joint Ventures

We perform many of our projects through incorporated and unincorporated joint ventures. In addition to participating as a joint venture partner, we often provide engineering, procurement, construction, operations or maintenance services to the joint venture as a subcontractor. Where we provide services to a joint venture that we control and therefore consolidate for financial reporting purposes, we eliminate intercompany revenues and expenses on such transactions. In situations where we account for our interest in the joint venture under the equity method of accounting, we do not eliminate any portion of our revenues or expenses. We recognize the profit on our services provided to joint ventures that we consolidate and joint ventures that we record under the equity method of accounting primarily using the percentage-of-completion method.

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

Information related to new accounting standards is described in Note 18 to the consolidated financial statements.

U.S. Government Matters

Award Fees

In accordance with the provisions of the LogCAP III contract, we recognize revenue on our services rendered on a task order basis based on either a cost-plus-fixed-fee or cost-plus-base-fee and award fee arrangement. The fees are determined as a percentage rate applied to a negotiated estimate of the total costs for each task order. Prior to the fourth quarter of 2009, we recognized award fees on the LogCAP III contract using an estimated accrual of the amounts to be awarded. Once task orders underlying the work were definitized and award fees were granted, we adjusted our estimate of award fees to the actual amounts earned. We used 72% as our accrual rate through the third quarter of 2009.

On February 19, 2010, KBR was notified by the Award Fee Determining Official (“AFDO”) that a determination had been made regarding the Company’s performance for the period January 2008 to April 2008 in Iraq. The notice stated that based on information received from various DoD individuals and organizations after the date of the evaluation board held in June 2008, the AFDO made a unilateral decision to grant no award fees for the period of performance from January 2008 to April 2008. As a result of the AFDO’s adverse determination we reversed award fees that had previously been estimated as earned and recognized as revenue resulting in a net decrease of $65 million in 2009. Commencing in the fourth quarter of 2009, we stopped accruing award fees and began recognizing them only upon receipt of the award fee letter due to the inability to reliably estimate the amount of fees to be awarded. We have filed an appeal to the ACO related to the decision to grant no award fees for the period of performance from January 2008 to April 2008.

In 2010, we received award fees of $94 million for the period of performance from May 2008 through May 2010 for task orders in Iraq and Afghanistan which we recorded as an increase to revenue.

In 2011, we were awarded and recognized revenue of $41 million for award fees for the periods of performance from March 2010 through February 2011 on task orders in Iraq. No award fee pools are available for periods of performance subsequent to February 2011.

 

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In August of 2010, we executed a contract modification to the LogCAP III contract on the base life support task order in Iraq that resulted in an increase to our base fee on costs incurred and an increase in the maximum award fee on negotiated costs for the period of performance from September 2010 through February 2011. During the first quarter of 2011, we finalized negotiations with our customer and converted the task order from cost-plus-base-fee and award fee to cost-plus-fixed-fee for the period of performance beginning in March 2011. We recognize revenues for the fixed-fee component on the basis of proportionate performance as services are performed.

Government Compliance Matters

The negotiation, administration, and settlement of our contracts with the U.S. Government, consisting primarily of DoD contracts, are subject to audit by the Defense Contract Audit Agency (“DCAA”), which serves in an advisory role to the Defense Contract Management Agency (“DCMA”) which is responsible for the administration of our contracts. The scope of these audits include, among other things, the allowability, allocability, and reasonableness of incurred costs, approval of annual overhead rates, compliance with the Federal Acquisition Regulation (“FAR”) and Cost Accounting Standards (“CAS”), compliance with certain unique contract clauses, and audits of certain aspects of our internal control systems. Issues identified during these audits are typically discussed and reviewed with us, and certain matters are included in audit reports issued by the DCAA, with its recommendations to our customer’s administrative contracting officer (“ACO”). We attempt to resolve all issues identified in audit reports by working directly with the DCAA and the ACO. When agreement cannot be reached, DCAA may issue a Form 1, “Notice of Contract Costs Suspended and/or Disapproved,” which recommends withholding the previously paid amounts or it may issue an advisory report to the ACO. KBR is permitted to respond to these documents and provide additional support. At December 31, 2011, open Form 1’s from the DCAA recommending suspension of payments totaling approximately $361 million associated with our contract costs incurred in prior years, of which approximately $150 million has been withheld from our current billings. As a consequence, for certain of these matters, we have withheld approximately $70 million from our subcontractors under the payment terms of those contracts. In addition, we have outstanding demand letters received from our customer requesting that we remit a total of $87 million of disapproved costs for which we do not believe we have a legal obligation to pay. We continue to work with our ACO’s, the DCAA and our subcontractors to resolve these issues. However, for certain of these matters, we have filed claims with the Armed Services Board of Contract Appeals (“ASBCA”) or the United States Court of Federal Claims (“U.S. COFC”).

KBR excludes from billings to the U.S. Government costs that are potentially unallowable, expressly unallowable, or mutually agreed to be unallowable, or not allocable to government contracts per applicable regulations. Revenue recorded for government contract work is reduced at the time we identify and estimate potentially refundable costs related to issues that may be categorized as disputed or unallowable as a result of cost overruns or the audit process. Our estimates of potentially unallowable costs are based upon, among other things, our internal analysis of the facts and circumstances, terms of the contracts and the applicable provisions of the FAR and CAS, quality of supporting documentation for costs incurred, and subcontract terms as applicable. From time to time, we engage outside counsel to advise us on certain matters in determining whether certain costs are allowable. We also review our analysis and findings with the ACO as appropriate. In some cases, we may not reach agreement with the DCAA or the ACO regarding potentially unallowable costs which may result in our filing of claims in various courts such as the ASBCA or the U.S. COFC. We only include amounts in revenue related to disputed and potentially unallowable costs when we determine it is probable that such costs will result in the collection of revenue. We generally do not recognize additional revenue for disputed or potentially unallowable costs for which revenue has been previously reduced until we reach agreement with the DCAA and/or the ACO that such costs are allowable.

Certain issues raised as a result of contract audits and other investigations are discussed below.

Private Security. In 2007, we received a Form 1 from the Department of the Army informing us of their intent to adjust payments under the LogCAP III contract associated with the cost incurred for the years 2003 through 2006 by certain of our subcontractors to provide security to their employees. Based on that notice, the Army withheld its initial assessment of $20 million. The Army based its initial assessment on one subcontract wherein, based on communications with the subcontractor, the Army estimated 6% of the total subcontract costs related to the private security. We subsequently received Form 1’s from the DCAA disapproving an additional $83 million of costs incurred by us and our subcontractors to provide security during the same periods. Since that time, the Army withheld an additional $25 million in payments from us bringing the total payments withheld to approximately $45 million as of December 31, 2011 out of the Form 1’s issued to date of $103 million.

The Army indicated that they believe our LogCAP III contract prohibits us and our subcontractors from billing costs of privately armed security. We believe that, while the LogCAP III contract anticipates that the Army will provide force protection to KBR employees, it does not prohibit us or any of our subcontractors from using private security services to provide force protection to KBR or subcontractor personnel. In addition, a significant portion of our subcontracts are

 

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competitively bid fixed price subcontracts. As a result, we do not receive details of the subcontractors’ cost estimate nor are we legally entitled to it. Further, we have not paid our subcontractors any additional compensation for security services. Accordingly, we believe that we are entitled to reimbursement by the Army for the cost of services provided by us or our subcontractors, even if they incurred costs for private force protection services. Therefore, we do not agree with the Army’s position that such costs are unallowable and that they are entitled to withhold amounts incurred for such costs.

We have provided at the Army’s request information that addresses the use of armed security either directly or indirectly charged to LogCAP III. In 2007, we filed a complaint in the ASBCA to recover $44 million of the amounts withheld from us. In 2009, KBR and the Army agreed to stay the case pending further discussions with the DOJ as discussed further below. The ASBCA has denied the Army’s latest request to stay the proceedings which are pending a ruling on KBR’s motion for summary judgment. We believe these sums were properly billed under our contract with the Army. At this time, we believe the likelihood that a loss related to this matter has been incurred is remote. We have not adjusted our revenues or accrued any amounts related to this matter. This matter is also the subject of a separate claim filed by the DOJ for alleged violation of the False Claims Act as discussed further below under the heading “Investigations, Qui Tams and Litigation.”

Containers. In June 2005, the DCAA recommended withholding certain costs associated with providing containerized housing for soldiers and supporting civilian personnel in Iraq. The DCMA agreed that the costs be withheld pending receipt of additional explanation or documentation to support the subcontract costs. During the first quarter of 2011, we received a Form 1 from the DCAA disapproving approximately $25 million in costs related to containerized housing that had previously been deemed allowable. As of December 31, 2011, approximately $51 million of costs have been suspended under Form 1’s of which $26 million have been withheld from us by our customer. We have withheld $30 million from our subcontractor related to this matter. In April 2008, we filed a counterclaim in arbitration against our LogCAP III subcontractor, First Kuwaiti Trading Company, to recover the $51 million we paid to the subcontractor for containerized housing as further described under the caption First Kuwaiti Trading Company arbitration below. During the first quarter of 2011, we filed a complaint before the ASBCA to contest the Form 1’s and recover the amounts withheld from us by our customer. We believe that the costs incurred associated with providing containerized housing are reasonable, and we intend to vigorously defend ourselves in this matter. We do not believe that we face a risk of significant loss from any disallowance of these costs in excess of the amounts we have withheld from subcontractors and the loss accruals we have recorded. At this time, we believe the likelihood that a loss in excess of the amount accrued for this matter is remote.

Dining facilities. In 2006, the DCAA raised questions regarding our billings and price reasonableness of costs related to dining facilities in Iraq. We responded to the DCMA that our costs are reasonable. As of December 31, 2011, we have outstanding Form 1’s from the DCAA disapproving $130 million in costs related to these dining facilities until such time we provide documentation to support the price reasonableness of the rates negotiated with our subcontractor and demonstrate that the amounts billed were in accordance with the contract terms. We believe the prices obtained for these services were reasonable and intend to vigorously defend ourselves on this matter. We filed claims in the U.S. COFC or ASBCA to recover $55 million of the $69 million withheld from us by the customer. The U.S. COFC proceedings were held in the fourth quarter of 2011 and we expect a decision in the second quarter of 2012. With respect to questions raised regarding billing in accordance with contract terms, as of December 31, 2011, we believe it is reasonably possible that we could incur losses in excess of the amount accrued for possible subcontractor costs billed to the customer that were possibly not in accordance with contract terms. We are unable to estimate an amount of possible loss or range of possible loss in excess of the amount accrued related to any costs billed to the customer that were not in accordance with the contract terms. However, we do not believe we face a risk of significant loss from any disallowance of these costs in excess of amounts withheld from subcontractors. As of December 31, 2011, we had withheld $31 million in payments from our subcontractors pending the resolution of these matters with our customer.

In 2009, one of our subcontractors, Tamimi, filed for arbitration to recover approximately $35 million for payments we withheld from them pending the resolution of the Form 1’s with our customer. The arbitration was held under the rules of the London Court of International Arbitration in London, England. In December 2010, the arbitration panel ruled that the subcontract terms were not sufficient to hold retention from Tamimi for price reasonableness matters and awarded the subcontractor $38 million including interest thereon and certain legal costs. We paid the award to Tamimi during the third quarter of 2011. As noted above, we have claims pending in the U.S. COFC or ASBCA to recover withholds by our customer related to these amounts from the U.S. government and we believe it is probable that we will recover such amounts.

 

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In March 2011, the DOJ filed a counterclaim in the U.S. COFC alleging KBR employees accepted bribes from Tamimi in exchange for awarding a master agreement for DFAC services to Tamimi. The DOJ seeks disgorgement of all funds paid to KBR under the master agreement as well as all award fees paid to KBR under the related task orders. We have evaluated the DOJ’s counterclaim and believe it to be without merit. Trial in the U.S. COFC took place during the fourth quarter of 2011 and post-trial briefs by KBR and the DoJ were filed. We expect a ruling from the court in the second quarter of 2012.

Transportation costs. In 2007, the DCAA raised a question about our compliance with the provisions of the Fly America Act. During the first quarter of 2011, we received a Form 1 from the DCAA totaling $6 million for alleged violations of the Fly America Act in 2004. Subject to certain exceptions, the Fly America Act requires Federal employees and others performing U.S. Government-financed foreign air travel to travel by U.S. flag air carriers. There are times when we transported personnel in connection with our services for the U.S. military where we may not have been in compliance with the Fly America Act and its interpretations through the Federal Acquisition Regulations and the Comptroller General. Included in our December 31, 2011 and 2010 accompanying balance sheets, is an accrued estimate of the cost incurred for these potentially non-compliant flights. The DCAA may consider additional flights to be noncompliant resulting in potential larger amounts of disallowed costs than the amount we have accrued. At this time, we cannot estimate a range of reasonably possible losses that may have been incurred, if any, in excess of the amount accrued. We will continue to work with our customer to resolve this matter.

In the first quarter of 2011, we received a Form 1 from the DCAA disapproving certain personnel replacement costs totaling approximately $27 million associated with replacing employees who were deployed in Iraq and Afghanistan for less than 179 days. The DCAA claims these replacement costs violate the terms of the LogCAP III contract which expressly disallow certain costs associated with the contractor rotation of employees who have deployed less than 179 days including costs for transportation, lodging, meals, orientation and various forms of per diem allowances. We disagree with the DCAA’s interpretation and application of the contract terms as it was applied to circumstances outside of our control including sickness, death, termination for cause or resignation and that such costs should be allowable. We believe the risk of loss associated with the disallowance of these costs is remote. As of December 31, 2011, we had not accrued any amounts related to this matter.

Construction services. From February 2009 through September 2010, we received eight Form 1’s from the DCAA disapproving approximately $25 million in costs related to work performed under our CONCAP III contract with the U.S. Navy to provide emergency construction services primarily to Government facilities damaged by Hurricanes Katrina and Wilma. The DCAA claims the costs billed to the U.S. Navy primarily related to subcontract costs that were either inappropriately bid, included unallowable profit markup or were unreasonable. In April 2010, we met with the U.S. Navy in an attempt to settle the potentially unallowable costs. As a result of the meeting, approximately $7 million of the potentially unallowable costs was agreed to be allowable and approximately $1 million unallowable. Settlement of the remaining disputed amounts is pending a final determination from the contracting officer. KBR intends to file a claim with either the U.S. COFC or ASBCA if the remaining amounts are not approved by the contracting officer. As of December 31, 2011, the U.S. Navy has withheld approximately $9 million from us. We believe we undertook adequate and reasonable steps to ensure that proper bidding procedures were followed and the amounts billed to the customer were reasonable and not in violation of the FAR. As of December 31, 2011, we have accrued our estimate of probable loss related to this matter; however, it is reasonably possible we could incur additional losses.

Investigations, Qui Tams and Litigation

The following matters relate to ongoing litigation or investigations involving U.S. government contracts.

McBride Qui Tam suit. In September 2006, we became aware of a qui tam action filed against us in the U.S. District Court in the District of Columbia by a former employee alleging various wrongdoings in the form of overbillings to our customer on the LogCAP III contract. This case was originally filed pending the government’s decision whether or not to participate in the suit. In June 2006, the government formally declined to participate. The principal allegations are that our compensation for the provision of Morale, Welfare and Recreation (“MWR”) facilities under LogCAP III is based on the volume of usage of those facilities and that we deliberately overstated that usage. In accordance with the contract, we charged our customer based on actual cost, not based on the number of users. It was also alleged that, during the period from November 2004 into mid-December 2004, we continued to bill the customer for lunches, although the dining facility was closed and not serving lunches. There are also allegations regarding housing containers and our provision of services to our employees and contractors. On July 5, 2007, the court granted our motion to dismiss the qui tam claims and to compel arbitration of employment claims including a claim that the plaintiff was unlawfully discharged. The majority of the plaintiff’s claims were dismissed but the plaintiff was allowed to pursue limited claims pending discovery and future

 

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motions. Substantially all employment claims were sent to arbitration under the Company’s dispute resolution program and were subsequently resolved in our favor. In January 2009, the relator filed an amended complaint which is nearing completion of the discovery process. Trial for this matter has not been scheduled. We believe the relator’s claim is without merit and that the likelihood that a loss has been incurred is remote. As of December 31, 2011, no amounts have been accrued.

First Kuwaiti Trading Company arbitration. In April 2008, First Kuwaiti Trading Company, one of our LogCAP III subcontractors, filed for arbitration of a subcontract under which KBR had leased vehicles related to work performed on our LogCAP III contract. The FKTC arbitration is being conducted under the rules of the London Court on International Arbitration and the venue is in the District of Columbia. First Kuwaiti alleged that we did not return or pay rent for many of the vehicles and seeks damages in the amount of $134 million. We filed a counterclaim to recover amounts which may ultimately be determined due to the Government for the $51 million in suspended costs as discussed in the preceding section of this footnote titled “Containers.” To date arbitration hearings for four subcontracts have taken place in Washington, D.C. primarily related to claims involving unpaid rents and damages on lost or unreturned vehicles. The arbitration panel has awarded approximately $16 million to FKTC for claims involving unpaid rents and damages on lost or unreturned vehicles, repair costs on certain vehicles, damages suffered as a result of late vehicle returns, and interest thereon, net of maintenance, storage and security costs awarded to KBR. No payments are expected to occur until all claims are arbitrated and awards finalized. Arbitration hearings for the remaining subcontracts are expected to resume in September 2012. We believe any damages ultimately awarded to First Kuwaiti will be billable under the LogCAP III contract. Accordingly, we have accrued amounts payable and a related unbilled receivable for the amounts awarded to First Kuwaiti pursuant to the terms of the contract.

Paul Morell, Inc. d/b/a The Event Source vs. KBR, Inc. TES is a former LogCAP III subcontractor who provided DFAC services at six sites in Iraq from mid-2003 to early 2004. In February 2008, TES sued KBR in Federal Court in Virginia for breach of contract and tortious interference with TES’s subcontractors by awarding subsequent DFAC contracts to the subcontractors. In addition, the Government withheld funds from KBR that KBR had submitted for reimbursement of TES invoices, and at that time, TES agreed that it was not entitled to payment until KBR was paid by the Government. Eventually KBR and the Government settled the dispute, and in turn KBR and TES agreed that TES would accept, as payment in full with a release of all other claims, the amount the Government paid to KBR for TES’s services. In February 2008, TES filed a suit in the Federal Court in Virginia to overturn that settlement and release, claiming that KBR misrepresented the facts. The trial was completed in June 2009 and in January 2010, the Federal Court issued an order against us in favor of TES in the amount of $15 million in actual damages and interest and $4 million in punitive damages relating to the settlement and release entered into by the parties in May 2005. In February 2010, we filed a notice of appeal with the Federal Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals in Richmond, Virginia and oral arguments took place in September 2011. In November 2011, the Court of Appeals upheld the lower court’s decision. As of December 31, 2011, we have recorded un-reimbursable expenses and a liability of $19 million for the full amount of the awarded damages, which was paid to TES in January 2012.

Electrocution litigation. During 2008, a lawsuit was filed against KBR in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in the Allegheny County Common Pleas Court alleging that the Company was responsible for an electrical incident which resulted in the death of a soldier. This incident occurred at the Radwaniyah Palace Complex. It is alleged in the suit that the electrocution incident was caused by improper electrical maintenance or other electrical work. KBR denies that its conduct was the cause of the event and denies legal responsibility. The case was removed to Federal Court where motion to dismiss was filed. The court issued a stay in the discovery of the case, pending an appeal of certain pre-trial motions to dismiss that were previously denied. In August 2010, the Court of Appeals dismissed our appeal concluding it did not have jurisdiction. Discovery has been completed and we have re-filed our motions to dismiss which are scheduled to be heard on March 30, 2012. We are not able to determine the likely outcome nor can we estimate a range of potential loss, if any, related to this matter at this time. As of December 31, 2011, no amounts have been accrued.

Burn Pit litigation. From November 2008 through February 2011, KBR was served with over 50 lawsuits in various states alleging exposure to toxic materials resulting from the operation of burn pits in Iraq or Afghanistan in connection with services provided by KBR under the LogCAP III contract. Each lawsuit has multiple named plaintiffs collectively representing approximately 250 individual plaintiffs. The lawsuits primarily allege negligence, willful and wanton conduct, battery, intentional infliction of emotional harm, personal injury and failure to warn of dangerous and toxic exposures which has resulted in alleged illnesses for contractors and soldiers living and working in the bases where the pits are operated. All of the pending cases have been removed to Federal Court, the majority of which have been consolidated for multi-district litigation treatment before the U.S. Federal District Court in Baltimore, Maryland. In March 2010, we filed a motion to strike an amended consolidated petition filed by the plaintiffs which was granted by the Court in September 2010. The Court directed the parties to propose a plan for limited jurisdictional discovery. In December 2010, the Court stayed virtually all

 

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proceedings pending a decision from the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals on three other cases involving the Political Question Doctrine and other jurisdictional issues. Due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation and because the litigation is at a preliminary stage, we cannot at this time accurately predict the ultimate outcome nor can we reliably estimate a range of possible loss, if any, related to this matter at this time. Accordingly, as of December 31, 2011, no amounts have been accrued.

Sodium Dichromate litigation. From December 2008 through September 2009, five cases were filed in various federal district courts against KBR by national guardsman and other military personnel alleging exposure to potentially hazardous chemicals at the Qarmat Ali Water Treatment Plant in Iraq in 2003. The majority of the cases have been re-filed and consolidated into two cases with one pending in Houston, Texas and one pending in the District of Oregon. Collectively, the suit represents approximately 170 individual plaintiffs all of which are current and former national guardsmen who claim they were exposed to sodium dichromate while escorting KBR employees who were working at the water treatment plant and that the defendants knew or should have known that the potentially toxic substance existed and negligently failed to protect the guardsmen from exposure. The U.S. Corps of Engineers (“USACE”) was contractually obligated to provide a benign site free of war and environmental hazards before KBR’s commencement of work on the site. KBR notified the USACE within two days after discovering the sodium dichromate and took effective measures to remediate the site. KBR services provided to the USACE were under the direction and control of the military and therefore, KBR believes it has adequate defenses to these claims. KBR will also assert Political Question Doctrine and Government Contractor defenses. Additionally, U.S. Government and other studies on the effects of exposure to the sodium dichromate contamination at the water treatment plant have found no long term harm to the soldiers. However, due to the inherent uncertainties of litigation and because the litigation is in the preliminary stages, we cannot accurately predict the ultimate outcome nor can we reliably estimate a range of possible loss, if any, related to this matter. Trials have been scheduled for September 2012 in Houston, Texas and October 2012 for the case in Oregon. As of December 31, 2011, no amounts have been accrued. During the period of time since the first litigation was filed against us, we have incurred legal defense costs that we believe are reimbursable under the related customer contract. We intend to bill for these costs, and if necessary, file claims with either the U.S. COFC or ASBCA to recover the associated revenues recognized to date.

Convoy Ambush Litigation. In April 2004, a fuel convoy in route from Camp Anaconda to Baghdad International Airport for the U.S. Army under our LogCAP III contract was ambushed resulting in deaths and severe injuries to truck drivers hired by KBR. In 2005, survivors of the drivers killed and those that were injured in the convoy, filed suit in state court in Houston, Texas against KBR and several of its affiliates, claiming KBR deliberately intended that the drivers in the convoy would be attacked and wounded or killed. The suit also alleges KBR committed fraud in its hiring practices by failing to disclose the dangers associated with working in the Iraq combat zone. The case was removed to U.S. Federal District Court in Houston, Texas. After numerous motions and rulings in the trial court and appeals to U.S. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals, in January 2012, the appellate Court granted KBR’s appeal on dispositive motions and dismissed the claims of all remaining plaintiffs on the grounds that their claims are banned by the exclusive remedy provisions of the Defense Base Act. Prior to the dismissal of the claims against KBR by the appellate Court, KBR settled the claims of one of the plaintiffs. The remaining plaintiffs have sought a rehearing of the dismissal by the Fifth Circuit. We believe the cost of settling with one of the plaintiffs is reimbursable under the related customer contract. We intend to bill for these costs, and if necessary, file claims with either the U.S. COFC or ASBCA to recover the associated revenues recognized to date.

DOJ False Claims Act complaint. In April 2010, the DOJ filed a complaint in the U.S. District Court in the District of Columbia alleging certain violations of the False Claims Act related to the use of private security firms. The complaint alleges, among other things, that we made false or fraudulent claims for payment under the LogCAP III contract because we allegedly knew that they contained costs of services for or that included improper use of private security. We believe these sums were properly billed under our contract with the Army and that the use of private security was not prohibited under the LogCAP III contract. In June 2010, we filed motions to dismiss the complaint and in October 2010, the DOJ filed a motion for partial summary judgment to which we responded before discovery occurred. In August 2011, the motions of both parties were dismissed and the judge ordered the case to proceed with discovery with trial scheduled for late 2012. We continue to believe this complaint is without merit. We have not adjusted our revenues or accrued any amounts related to this matter.

 

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Legal Proceedings

Foreign Corrupt Practices Act (“FCPA”) investigations

In February 2009, KBR LLC, entered a guilty plea to violations of the FCPA in the United States District Court, Southern District of Texas, Houston Division (the “Court”), related to the Bonny Island investigation. KBR LLC pled guilty to one count of conspiring to violate the FCPA and four counts of violating the FCPA, all arising from the intent to bribe various Nigerian government officials through commissions paid to agents working on behalf of TSKJ on the Bonny Island project. The plea agreement reached with the DOJ resolved all criminal charges in the DOJ’s investigation and called for the payment of a criminal penalty of $402 million, of which Halliburton was obligated to pay $382 million under the terms of the Master Separation Agreement (“MSA”), while we were obligated to pay $20 million. In addition, we settled a civil enforcement action by the SEC which called for Halliburton and KBR, jointly and severally, to make payments totaling $177 million, all of which was payable by Halliburton pursuant to the indemnification under the MSA. As of December 31, 2010, all criminal and civil penalties to the DOJ and SEC were paid. We also agreed to a period of organizational probation, during which we retained a monitor who assessed our compliance with the plea agreement and evaluated our FCPA compliance program over a three year period that ended on February 17, 2012, with periodic reports to the DOJ and SEC during the three-year period. Pursuant to the plea agreement with the DOJ and the consent judgment with the SEC, the monitor has certified that KBR’s current anti-corruption compliance program is appropriately designed and implemented to ensure compliance with the FCPA and other applicable anti-corruption laws.

In addition to the DOJ and SEC investigations, the U.K. Serious Fraud Office (“SFO”) conducted an investigation of activities by current and former employees of M.W. Kellogg Limited (“MWKL”) regarding the Bonny Island project. During the investigation, MWKL self-reported to the SFO its corporate liability for corruption-related offenses arising out of the Bonny Island project and entered into a plea negotiation process under the “Attorney General’s Guidelines on Plea Discussions in Cases of Serious and Complex Fraud” issued by the Attorney General for England and Wales. In February 2011, MWKL reached a settlement with the SFO in which the SFO accepted that MWKL was not party to any unlawful conduct and assessed a civil penalty of approximately $11 million including interest and reimbursement of certain costs of the investigation. The settlement terms included a full release of all claims against MWKL, its current and former parent companies, subsidiaries and other related parties including their respective current or former officers, directors and employees with respect to the Bonny Island project. At December 31, 2010, we recorded a liability to the SFO of $11 million included in “Other current liabilities” in our consolidated balance sheet which was paid during the first quarter of 2011. Due to the indemnity from Halliburton under the MSA, we recognized a receivable from Halliburton of approximately $6 million in “Due to former parent, net” in our consolidated balance sheet which was paid by Halliburton in the second quarter of 2011.

In addition, Halliburton settled corruption allegation claims asserted by the Federal Government of Nigeria in late 2010 against Halliburton, KBR, and TSKJ Nigeria Limited. The settlement provided a complete release to KBR and all of its affiliates and related companies in connection with any liability for matters related to the Bonny Island project in Nigeria.

With the settlement of the DOJ, SEC, SFO and Nigerian investigations, all known investigations in the Bonny Island project have been concluded. We are not aware of any other corruption allegations against us by governmental authorities in foreign jurisdictions.

Commercial Agent Fees

We have both before and after the separation from our former parent used commercial agents on some of our large-scale international projects to assist in understanding customer needs, local content requirements, vendor selection criteria and processes and in communicating information from us regarding our services and pricing. Prior to separation, it was identified by our former parent in performing its investigation of anti-corruption activities that certain of these agents may have engaged in activities that were in violation of anti-corruption laws at that time and the terms of their agent agreements with us. Accordingly, we have ceased the receipt of services from and payment of fees to these agents. Fees for these agents are included in the total estimated cost for these projects at their completion. In connection with actions taken by U.S. Government authorities, we have removed certain unpaid agent fees from the total estimated costs in the period that we obtained sufficient evidence to conclude such agents clearly violated the terms of their contracts with us. In 2009, we reduced project cost estimates by $21 million as a result of making such determinations. In September 2010, we executed a final settlement agreement with one of our agents in question after the agent was reviewed and approved under our policies on business conduct. Under the terms of the settlement agreement, the agent had, among other things, confirmed their understanding of and compliance with KBR’s policies on business conduct and represented that they have complied with anti-corruption laws as they relate to prior services provided to KBR. We negotiated final payment for fees to this agent on

 

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several projects in our Hydrocarbons segment resulting in an overall reduction of estimated project costs of approximately $60 million in 2010. We released the remaining agent fee accruals in 2011 on the Bonny Island project which resulted in an increase of $4 million to operating income.

Barracuda-Caratinga Project Arbitration

In June 2000, we entered into a contract with Barracuda & Caratinga Leasing Company B.V., the project owner and claimant, to develop the Barracuda and Caratinga crude oilfields, which are located off the coast of Brazil. Petrobras is a contractual representative that controls the project owner. In November 2007, we executed a settlement agreement with the project owner to settle all outstanding project issues except for the bolts arbitration discussed below.

At Petrobras’ direction, we replaced certain bolts located on the subsea flowlines that failed through mid-November 2005, and we understand that additional bolts failed thereafter, which were replaced by Petrobras. These failed bolts were identified by Petrobras when it conducted inspections of the bolts. In March 2006, Petrobras notified us they submitted this matter to arbitration claiming $220 million plus interest for the cost of monitoring and replacing the defective stud bolts and, in addition, all of the costs and expenses of the arbitration including the cost of attorneys’ fees. The arbitration was conducted in New York under the guidelines of the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (“UNCITRAL”).

In September 2011, the arbitration panel awarded the claimant approximately $193 million. The damages awarded were based on the panel’s estimate to replace all subsea bolts, including those that did not manifest breaks, as well as legal and other costs incurred by the claimant in the arbitration and interest thereon since the date of the award. The panel rejected our argument, and the case law relied upon by us, that we were only liable for bolts that were discovered to be broken prior to the expiration of the warranty period that ended on June 30, 2006. As of December 31, 2011, we have recorded a liability of $197 million, including interest, to Petrobras for the failed bolts which is included in “Other current liabilities.” The liability incurred by us in connection with the arbitration is covered by an indemnity from our former parent, Halliburton. Accordingly, we have recorded an indemnification receivable from Halliburton of $197 million pursuant to the indemnification under the MSA which is included in “Other current assets” as of December 31, 2011. The arbitration award payable to Petrobras will be deductible for tax purposes when paid. The indemnification payment will be treated by KBR for tax purposes as a contribution to capital and accordingly is not taxable. Consequently, the arbitration ruling resulted in a tax benefit during 2011 of $69 million. Halliburton has directed us to challenge the arbitration award as being defective or outside the jurisdiction of the arbitration panel. This challenge was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York on December 16, 2011. We will continue to be responsible for all ongoing legal costs associated with this matter. If the challenge to the arbitration award is successful and the award payable to Petrobras is either reduced or reversed in a future period, we would reverse the related tax benefit previously recognized as a charge to income as tax expense in that period. As of December 31, 2011, we do not believe there are any legal limitations on our ability to recover the full amount of the cash arbitration award and we intend to assert our rights under the indemnity agreement with Halliburton.

PEMEX Arbitration.

In 1997 and 1998 we entered into three contracts with PEMEX, the project owner, to build offshore platforms, pipelines and related structures in the Bay of Campeche offshore Mexico. The three contracts were known as Engineering, Procurement and Construction (“EPC”) 1, EPC 22 and EPC 28. All three projects encountered significant schedule delays and increased costs due to problems with design work, late delivery and defects in equipment, increases in scope and other changes. PEMEX took possession of the offshore facilities of EPC 1 in March 2004 after having achieved oil production but prior to our completion of our scope of work pursuant to the contract.

We filed for arbitration with the International Chamber of Commerce (“ICC”) in 2004 claiming recovery of damages of $323 million for the EPC 1 project. PEMEX subsequently filed counterclaims totaling $157 million. In December 2009, the ICC ruled in our favor, and we were awarded a total of approximately $351 million including legal and administrative recovery fees as well as interest. PEMEX was awarded approximately $6 million on counterclaims, plus interest on a portion of that sum. In connection with this award, we recognized a gain of $117 million net of tax in 2009. The arbitration award is legally binding and on November 2, 2010, we received a judgment in our favor in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York to recognize the award in the U.S. of approximately $356 million plus Mexican value added tax and interest thereon until paid. PEMEX initiated an appeal to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and asked for a stay of the enforcement of the judgment while on appeal. The stay was granted, but PEMEX was required to post collateral of $395 million with the court registry. Appellate briefs have been filed by both parties and oral arguments were heard by the Second Circuit Court on February 2, 2012. On February 16, 2012, the Second Circuit issued an order remanding the case to

 

55


the District Court to consider if the decision of the Collegiate Court in Mexico, described below, would have affected the trial court’s ruling. We believe the possibility of the trial court reversing its own ruling to be remote as U.S. courts have a strong record of recognizing and enforcing international arbitration awards. However, an unfavorable ruling by the trial court could have a material adverse impact to our results of operations.

PEMEX attempted to nullify the award in Mexico which was rejected by the Mexican trial court in June 2010. PEMEX then filed an “amparo” action on the basis that its constitutional rights had been violated which was denied by the Mexican court in October 2010. PEMEX subsequently appealed the adverse decision with the Collegiate Court in Mexico on the grounds that the arbitration tribunal did not have jurisdiction and that the award violated the public order of Mexico. Although these arguments were presented in the initial nullification and amparo actions and were rejected in both cases, in September 2011, the Collegiate Court in Mexico ruled in favor of PEMEX on the amparo action. The Collegiate Court ruled that PEMEX, by administratively rescinding the contract in 2004, deprived the arbitration panel of jurisdiction thereby nullifying the arbitration award. The Collegiate Court decision is contrary to the ruling received from the ICC as well as all other Mexican courts which have denied PEMEX’s repeated attempts to nullify the arbitration award. We also believe the Collegiate Court decision is contrary to Mexican law governing contract arbitration. However, we do not expect the Collegiate Court decision to affect the outcome of the U.S. appeal discussed above or our ability to ultimately collect the ICC arbitration award in the U.S. due to the significant assets of PEMEX in the U.S. as well as the collateral posted by PEMEX with the court registry The circumstances of this matter are unique and in the unlikely event we are not able to collect the arbitration award in the U.S., we will pursue other remedies including filing a North American Free Trade Agreement (“NAFTA”) arbitration to recover the award as an unlawful expropriation of assets by the government of Mexico.

We were successful in litigating and collecting on valid international arbitration awards against PEMEX on the EPC 22 and EPC 28 projects during 2008. Additionally, PEMEX has sufficient assets in the U.S. which we believe we will be able to attach as a result of the recognition of the ICC arbitration award in the U.S. Although it is possible we could resolve and collect the amounts due from PEMEX in the next 12 months, we believe the timing of the collection of the award is uncertain and therefore, we have continued to classify the amount due from PEMEX as a long term receivable included in “Noncurrent unbilled receivable on uncompleted contracts” as of December 31, 2011. No adjustments have been made to our receivable balance since recognition of the initial award in 2009. Depending on the timing and amount ultimately settled with PEMEX, including interest, we could recognize an additional gain upon collection of the award.

In connection with the EPC 1 project, we have approximately $80 million in outstanding performance bonds furnished to PEMEX when the project was awarded. The bonds were written by a Mexican bond company and backed by a U.S. insurance company which is indemnified by KBR. As a result of the ICC arbitration award in December 2009, the panel determined that KBR had performed on the project and recovery on the bonds by PEMEX was precluded. PEMEX filed an action in Mexico in June 2010 against the Mexican bond company to collect the bonds even though the arbitration award ruled that the bonds were to be returned to KBR. In May 2011, the Mexican trial court ruled PEMEX could collect the bonds even though PEMEX at the time was unsuccessful in its attempts to nullify the arbitration award. The decision was immediately appealed by the bonding company and PEMEX was not able to call the bonds while on appeal. In October 2011, we were officially notified that the appellate court ruled in favor of PEMEX, therefore allowing PEMEX to call the bonds. In December 2011, we and the Mexican bond company stayed payment of the bonds by filing direct amparos in the Mexican courts, and we filed a bond to cover interest accruing during the pendency of our amparo action. In the event our amparo is unsuccessful and the U.S. insurance company makes payment to the Mexican bonding company, we may be required to indemnify the U.S. insurance company. In this event, we will pursue other remedies including seeking relief in the U.S. District Court for the Southern District of New York or the filing of a NAFTA arbitration to recover the bonds as an unlawful expropriation of assets by the government of Mexico.

FAO Litigation

In April 2001, our subsidiary, MWKL, entered into lump-sum contracts with Fina Antwerp Olefins (FAO), a joint venture between ExxonMobil and Total, to perform EPC services for FAO’s revamp and expansion of an existing olefins plant in Belgium. The contracts had an initial value of approximately €113 million. Upon execution of the contracts, MWKL was confronted with a multitude of changes and issues on the project resulting in significant cost overruns and schedule delays. The project was completed in October 2003. In 2005, after unsuccessful attempts to engage FAO in negotiations to settle MWKL’s outstanding claims, MWKL filed suit against FAO in the Commercial Court of Antwerp, Belgium, seeking to recover amounts for rejected change requests, disruption, schedule delays and other items. MWKL sought the appointment of a court expert to determine the technical aspects of the disputes between the parties upon which the judge could rely for allocating liability and determining the final amount of MWKL’s claim against FAO. FAO filed a counterclaim in 2006 claiming recovery of additional costs for various matters including, among others, project management, temporary offices, security, financing costs, deficient work items and disruption of activities some of which we believe is

 

56


either barred by the language in the contract or has not been adequately supported. Although the court expert has issued several preliminary reports which support our claim receivable, a final report has yet to be issued that addresses the full value of KBR’s claims. We currently expect the court expert to release a final report in June 2012. We do not believe we face a risk of significant loss associated with the value of the claim receivable recorded on our balance sheets or FAO’s counterclaims. As of December 31, 2011, no amounts have been accrued related to the counterclaim.

Item 7A. Quantitative and Qualitative Discussion about Market Risk

Information relating to market risk is included in “Item 7. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” under the caption “Financial Instrument Market Risk” and Note 14 of our consolidated financial statements and the information discussed therein is incorporated by reference into this Item 7A.

Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

 

     Page No.

Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

   58

Consolidated Statements of Income for years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009

   59

Consolidated Balance Sheets at December 31, 2011 and 2010

   60

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009

   61

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity for the years ended December  31, 2011, 2010, and 2009

   62

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the years ended December 31, 2011, 2010, and 2009

   63

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

   64

The related financial statement schedules are included under Part IV, Item 15 of this annual report.

 

57


Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm

The Board of Directors and Shareholders

KBR, Inc.:

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of KBR, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the related consolidated statements of income, shareholders’ equity, comprehensive income, and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2011. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of KBR, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 2011 and 2010, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended December 31, 2011, in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles.

As discussed in Notes 1 and 15 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company changed its method of accounting for variable interest entities on a prospective basis as of January 1, 2010.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), KBR, Inc.’s internal control over financial reporting as of December 31, 2011, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO), and our report dated February 22, 2012 expressed an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

/s/ KPMG LLP

Houston, Texas

February 22, 2012

 

58


KBR, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Income

(In millions, except for per share data)

 

0000000 0000000 0000000
     Years ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Revenue:

      

Services

   $ 9,103      $ 9,962      $ 12,060   

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates, net

     158        137        45   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total revenue

     9,261        10,099        12,105   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating costs and expenses:

      

Cost of services

     8,463        9,273        11,348   

General and administrative

     214        212        217   

Impairment of long-lived assets

     —          5        —     

Impairment of goodwill

     —          —          6   

Gain on disposition of assets, net

     (3     —          (2
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total operating costs and expenses

     8,674        9,490        11,569   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Operating income

     587        609        536   

Interest expense, net

     (18     (17     (1

Foreign currency gains (losses), net

     3        (4     —     

Other non-operating expense

     —          (2     (3
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Income before income taxes and noncontrolling interests

     572        586        532   

Provision for income taxes

     (32     (191     (168
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income

     540        395        364   

Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (60     (68     (74
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to KBR

   $ 480      $ 327      $ 290   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Net income attributable to KBR per share:

      

Basic

   $ 3.18      $ 2.08      $ 1.80   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted

   $ 3.16      $ 2.07      $ 1.79   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

     150        156        160   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Diluted weighted average common shares outstanding

     151        157        161   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash dividends declared per share

   $ 0.20      $ 0.15      $ 0.20   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

59


KBR, Inc.

Consolidated Balance Sheets

(In millions except share data)

 

0000000 0000000
     December 31,  
     2011     2010  

Assets

    

Current assets:

    

Cash and equivalents

   $ 966      $ 786   

Receivables:

    

Accounts receivable, net of allowance for bad debts of $24 and $27

     1,227        1,455   

Unbilled receivables on uncompleted contracts

     435        428   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total receivables

     1,662        1,883   

Deferred income taxes

     297        199   

Other current assets

     517        394   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current assets

     3,442        3,262   

Property, plant, and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation of $364 and $334 (including $75 and $80, net, owned by a variable interest entity – see Note 15)

     384        355   

Goodwill

     951        947   

Intangible assets, net

     113        127   

Equity in and advances to related companies

     190        219   

Noncurrent deferred income taxes

     128        103   

Noncurrent unbilled receivables on uncompleted contracts

     313        320   

Other assets

     152        84   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total assets

   $ 5,673      $ 5,417   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

    

Current liabilities:

    

Accounts payable

   $ 761      $ 921   

Due to former parent, net

     53        43   

Obligation to former noncontrolling interest (Note 3)

     1        172   

Advance billings on uncompleted contracts

     626        498   

Reserve for estimated losses on uncompleted contracts

     22        26   

Employee compensation and benefits

     226        200   

Current non-recourse project-finance debt of a variable interest entity (Note 15)

     10        9   

Other current liabilities

     585        470   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total current liabilities

     2,284        2,339   

Noncurrent employee compensation and benefits

     470        397   

Noncurrent non-recourse project-finance debt of a variable interest entity (Note 15)

     88        92   

Noncurrent obligation to former noncontrolling interest (Note 3)

     8        8   

Other noncurrent liabilities

     169        132   

Noncurrent income tax payable

     141        128   

Noncurrent deferred tax liability

     71        117   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities

     3,231        3,213   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

KBR Shareholders’ equity:

    

Preferred stock, $0.001 par value, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 0 shares issued and outstanding

     —          —     

Common stock, $0.001 par value, 300,000,000 shares authorized, 172,367,045 and 171,448,067 shares issued, and 148,143,420 and 151,132,049 shares outstanding

     —          —     

Paid-in capital in excess of par

     2,005        1,981   

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (548     (438

Retained earnings

     1,607        1,157   

Treasury stock, 24,223,625 shares and 20,316,018 shares, at cost

     (569     (454
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total KBR shareholders’ equity

     2,495        2,246   

Noncontrolling interests

     (53     (42
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total shareholders’ equity

     2,442        2,204   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 5,673      $ 5,417   
  

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

60


KBR, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income

(In millions)

 

     Years ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Net income

     540        395        364   

Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax benefit (provision):

      

Net cumulative translation adjustments

     (19     5        18   

Pension liability adjustments, net of taxes of $(32), $4 and $(5)

     (89     24        (15

Other comprehensive gains (losses) on derivatives:

      

Unrealized gains (losses) on derivatives

     (4     2        (3

Reclassification adjustments to net income

     2        (1     1   

Income tax benefit (provision) on derivatives

     (1     (1     —     
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income

     429        424        365   

Less: Comprehensive income attributable to noncontrolling interests

     (59     (72     (80
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Comprehensive income attributable to KBR

     370        352        285   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

61


KBR, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity

(In millions)

 

     December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Balance at January 1,

   $ 2,204      $ 2,296      $ 2,034   

Stock-based compensation

     19        17        17   

Common stock issued upon exercise of stock options

     7        5        2   

Post-closing adjustment related to acquisition of former NCI partner

     (5     —          —     

Tax benefit increase (decrease) related to stock-based plans

     3        —          (7

Dividends declared to shareholders

     (30     (23     (32

Adjustments pursuant to tax sharing agreement with former parent

     —          (8     —     

Repurchases of common stock

     (118     (233     (31

Issuance of ESPP shares

     3        3        2   

Distributions to noncontrolling interests

     (63     (108     (66

Investments from noncontrolling interests

     —          17        12   

Acquisition of noncontrolling interests

     —          (181     —     

Consolidation of Fasttrax Limited

     —          (4     —     

Other noncontrolling interests activity

     (7     (1     —     

Comprehensive income

     429        424        365   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Balance at December 31,

   $ 2,442      $ 2,204      $ 2,296   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

62


KBR, Inc.

Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

(In millions)

 

     Years ended December 31,  
     2011     2010     2009  

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net income

   $ 540      $ 395      $ 364   

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by (used in) operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization

     71        62        55   

Equity in earnings of unconsolidated affiliates

     (158     (137     (45

Deferred income taxes

     (173     14        65   

Impairment of long-lived assets

     —          5        —     

Impairment of goodwill

     —          —          6   

Other

     14        30        14   

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

      

Receivables

     252        (182     107   

Unbilled receivables on uncompleted contracts

     (26     223        156   

Accounts payable

     (110     (177     (355

Advance billings on uncompleted contracts

     68        116        (98

Accrued employee compensation and benefits

     31        9        (129

Reserve for loss on uncompleted contracts

     (4     (13     (37

Collection (repayment) of advances from (to) unconsolidated affiliates, net

     14        (16     (18

Distributions of earnings from unconsolidated affiliates

     182        93        54   

Other assets

     (28     33        (247

Other liabilities

     (23     94        72   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cash flows provided by (used in) operating activities

     650        549        (36
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired

     —          (299     —     

Capital expenditures

     (83     (66     (41

Investment in equity method joint ventures

     (11     (12     —     

Investment in licensing arrangement

     —          (20     —     

Proceeds from sale of investments

     6        —          32   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cash flows used in investing activities

     (88     (397     (9
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Acquisition of noncontrolling interest

     (178     —          —     

Payments to reacquire common stock

     (118     (233     (31

Distributions to noncontrolling interests, net

     (63     (91     (54

Payments of dividends to shareholders

     (30     (32     (32

Net proceeds from issuance of stock

     7        5        2   

Excess tax benefits from stock-based compensation

     3        —          (7

Payments on short-term and long-term borrowings

     (15     (13     —     

Return (funding) of cash collateral on letters of credit, net

     17        28        (44
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Total cash flows used in financing activities

     (377     (336     (166
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

     (5     7        7   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Increase (decrease) in cash and equivalents

     180        (177     (204

Cash increase due to consolidation of a variable interest entity

     —          22        —     

Cash and equivalents at beginning of period

     786        941        1,145   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Cash and equivalents at end of period

   $ 966      $ 786      $ 941   
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

      

Cash paid for interest

   $ 22      $ 16      $ 7   

Cash paid for income taxes (net of refunds)

   $ 201      $ 64      $ 166   

Noncash operating activities

      

Other assets (Note 10)

   $ 185      $ 130      $ 417   

Other liabilities (Note 10)

   $ (185   $ (130   $ (417

Noncash investing activities

      

Purchase of computer software

   $ —        $ (19   $ —     

Noncash financing activities

      

Obligation to former noncontrolling interest (Note 3)

   $ —        $ 180      $ —     

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

63


KBR, Inc.

Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements

Note 1. Description of Company and Significant Accounting Policies

KBR, Inc., a Delaware corporation, was formed on March 21, 2006. KBR, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, “KBR”) is a global engineering, construction and services company supporting the energy, hydrocarbons, government services, minerals, civil infrastructure, power, industrial and commercial markets. Headquartered in Houston, Texas, we offer a wide range of services through our Hydrocarbons, Infrastructure, Government and Power (“IGP”), Services and Other business segments. See Note 5 for additional financial information about our business segments.

Principles of consolidation

Our consolidated financial statements include the financial position, results of operations and cash flows of KBR and our majority-owned, controlled subsidiaries and variable interest entities where we are the primary beneficiary (see Note 15). The equity method is used to account for investments in affiliates in which we have the ability to exert significant influence over the affiliates’ operating and financial policies. The cost method is used when we do not have the ability to exert significant influence. All intercompany accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.

Use of estimates

Our financial statements are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States, requiring us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and related disclosures at the balance sheet dates, and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reported periods. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Certain prior year amounts have been reclassified to conform to current year presentation on the consolidated balance sheets and the consolidated statements of cash flows.

Engineering and construction contracts

Revenue from contracts to provide construction, engineering, design or similar services is reported on the percentage-of-completion method of accounting. Progress is generally measured based upon physical progress, man-hours, or costs incurred, depending on the type of job. Physical progress is determined as a combination of input and output measures as deemed appropriate by the circumstances. All known or anticipated losses on contracts are provided for in the period they become evident. Claims and change orders that are in the process of being negotiated with customers for extra work or changes in the scope of work are included in contract value when collection is deemed probable. Our contracts often require us to pay liquidated damages should we not meet certain performance requirements, including completion of the project in accordance with a scheduled time. We include an estimate of liquidated damages in contract costs when it is deemed probable that they will be paid.

Our revenue includes both equity in the earnings of unconsolidated affiliates and revenue from sales of services to joint ventures. We often participate on larger projects as a joint venture partner and also provide services to the joint venture as a subcontractor. The amount included in our revenue represents equity in the earnings from joint ventures, impairments of equity investments in joint ventures, if any, and revenue from services provided to joint ventures.

Accounting for government contracts

Most of the services provided to the United States government are governed by cost-reimbursable contracts. Generally, these contracts may contain base fees (a fixed profit percentage applied to our actual costs to complete the work), fixed fees and award fees (a variable profit percentage applied to definitized costs, which is subject to our customer’s discretion and tied to the specific performance measures defined in the contract, such as adherence to schedule, health and safety, quality of work, responsiveness, cost performance and business management).

Revenue is recorded at the time services are performed, and such revenues include base fees, actual direct project costs incurred and an allocation of indirect costs. Indirect costs are applied using rates approved by our government customers. The general, administrative, and overhead cost reimbursement rates are estimated periodically in accordance with government contract accounting regulations and may change based on actual costs incurred or based upon the volume of work performed. Revenue is reduced for our estimate of costs that either are in dispute with our customer or have been identified as potentially unallowable per the terms of the contract or the federal acquisition regulations.

 

64


We generally recognize award fees on the LogCAP III contract using an estimated accrual of the amounts to be awarded. Once task orders underlying the work are definitized and award fees are granted, we adjust our estimate of award fees to the actual amounts earned. However, as further discussed in Note 9, we are currently unable to reliably estimate award fees as a result of our customer’s unilateral decision to grant no award fees for certain performance periods. In accordance with the provisions of the LogCAP III contract, we earn profits on our services rendered based on a combination of a fixed fee plus award fees granted by our customer. Both fees are measured as a percentage rate applied to estimated and negotiated costs. The LogCAP III customer is contractually obligated to periodically convene Award-Fee Boards, which are comprised of individuals who have been designated to assist the Award Fee Determining Official (“AFDO”) in making award fee determinations. Award fees are based on evaluations of our performance using criteria set forth in the contract, which include non-binding monthly evaluations made by our customers in the field of operations. Although these criteria have historically been used by the Award-Fee Boards in reaching their recommendations, the amounts of award fees are determined at the sole discretion of the AFDO.

For contracts containing multiple deliverables entered into subsequent to June 30, 2003, we analyze each activity within the contract to ensure that we adhere to the separation guidelines for revenue arrangements with multiple deliverables in accordance with Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 605—Revenue Recognition. For service-only contracts and service elements of multiple deliverable arrangements, award fees are recognized only when definitized and awarded by the customer. Award fees on government construction contracts are recognized during the term of the contract based on our estimate of the amount of fees to be awarded.

Accounting for pre-contract costs

Pre-contract costs incurred in anticipation of a specific contract award are deferred only if the costs can be directly associated with a specific anticipated contract and their recoverability from that contract is probable. Pre-contract costs related to unsuccessful bids are written off no later than the period we are informed that we are not awarded the specific contract. Costs related to one-time activities such as introducing a new product or service, conducting business in a new territory, conducting business with a new class of customer, or commencing new operations are expensed when incurred.

Legal expenses

We expense legal costs in the period in which such costs are incurred.

Cash and equivalents

We consider all highly liquid investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. Cash and equivalents include cash related to contracts in progress as well as cash held by our joint ventures that we consolidate for accounting purposes. Joint venture cash balances are limited to joint venture activities and are not available for other projects, general cash needs, or distribution to us without approval of the board of directors of the respective joint ventures. Cash held by our joint ventures that we consolidate for accounting purposes totaled approximately $244 million at December 31, 2011 and $145 million at December 31, 2010. We expect to use the cash on these projects to pay project costs.

Restricted cash primarily consists of amounts held in deposit with certain banks to collateralize standby letters of credit as well as amounts held in deposit with certain banks to establish foreign operations. Our current restricted cash is included in “Other current assets” and our non-current restricted cash is included in “Other assets” on our consolidated financial statements. Our restricted cash balances are presented in the table below:

 

00000000 00000000
     December 31,  
Millions of dollars    2011      2010  

Current restricted cash

   $ 3       $ 11   

Non-current restricted cash

     2         10   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

Total restricted cash

   $ 5       $ 21   
  

 

 

    

 

 

 

 

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Allowance for bad debts

We establish an allowance for bad debts through a review of several factors including historical collection experience, current aging status of the customer accounts, financial condition of our customers, and whether the receivables involve retentions.

Goodwill and other intangibles

Goodwill represents the excess of cost over the fair market value of net assets acquired in business combinations and, in accordance with FASB ASC 350 Intangibles – Goodwill and Other, we are required to test goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, and more frequently when negative conditions or other triggering events arise. We test goodwill for impairment annually as of October 1. Our operations are grouped into four segments: Hydrocarbons; Infrastructure, Government & Power; Services; and Other. Within those segments we operate 10 business units which are also our operating segments as defined by FASB ASC 280 – Segment Reporting and our reporting units as defined by FASB ASC 350. In accordance with FASB ASC 350, we conduct our goodwill impairment testing at the reporting unit level which consists of our 10 business units. The reporting units include Gas Monetization, Oil & Gas, Downstream, Technology, North American Government & Logistics, International Government, Defense and Support Services, Power & Industrial, Infrastructure & Minerals, Services, and Ventures business units, as well as the Allstates staffing business.

Our annual impairment test for goodwill at October 1, 2011 was a quantitative analysis using a two-step process that involves comparing the estimated fair value of each business unit to its carrying value, including goodwill. If the fair value of a business unit exceeds its carrying amount, the goodwill of the business unit is not considered impaired; therefore, the second step of the impairment test is unnecessary. If the carrying amount of a business unit exceeds its fair value, we perform the second step of the goodwill impairment test to measure the amount of goodwill impairment loss to be recorded, as necessary.

Consistent with prior years, the fair values of business units in 2011 were determined using a combination of two methods, one based on market earnings multiples of peer companies identified for each business unit (the market approach), and the other based on discounted cash flow models with estimated cash flows based on internal forecasts of revenues and expenses over a four year period plus a terminal value period (the income approach).

The market approach estimates fair value by applying earnings and revenue market multiples to a business unit’s operating performance for the trailing twelve-month period. The market multiples are derived from comparable publicly traded companies with operating and investment characteristics similar to those of each of our reporting units. The income approach estimates fair value by discounting each business unit’s estimated future cash flows using a weighted-average cost of capital that reflects current market conditions and the risk profile of each business unit. The fair value derived from the weighting of these two methods provided appropriate valuations that, in aggregate, reasonably reconciled to our market capitalization, taking into account observable control premiums.

In addition to the earnings multiples and the discount rates disclosed above, certain other judgments and estimates are used to prepare the goodwill impairment test. If market conditions change compared to those used in our market approach, or if actual future results of operations fall below the projections used in the income approach, our goodwill could become impaired in the future.

We believe these two approaches are appropriate valuation techniques and we generally weight the two resulting values equally as an estimate of business unit fair value for the purposes of our impairment testing. However, we may weigh one value more heavily than the other when conditions merit doing so.

At October 1, 2011, our market capitalization exceeded the carrying value of our consolidated net assets by $1.6 billion and the fair value of all our individual reporting units significantly exceeded their respective carrying amounts as of that date. However, the fair value for the P&I, I&M, Services and Allstates reporting units exceeded their carrying values based on projected growth rates and other market inputs to our impairment test models that are more sensitive to the risk of future variances due to competitive market conditions as well as business unit execution risks.

We review our projected growth rates, other market inputs used in our impairment test models, changes in our business and other factors that could represent indicators of impairment. In 2012, we intend to report the Infrastructure and Minerals business units separately and have concluded that each will be considered a separate reporting unit for goodwill impairment testing purposes. Subsequent to our October 1, 2011 annual impairment test, we reviewed the new Infrastructure and Minerals reporting units and no indication of impairment was identified.

 

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Impairment of long-lived assets

When events or changes in circumstances indicate that long-lived assets other than goodwill may be impaired, an evaluation is performed. For an asset classified as held for use, the estimated future undiscounted cash flow associated with the asset are compared to the asset’s carrying amount to determine if a write-down to fair value is required. When an asset is classified as held for sale, the asset’s book value is evaluated and adjusted to the lower of its carrying amount or fair value less cost to sell. Depreciation or amortization is ceased when an asset is classified as held for sale.

We evaluate equity method investments for impairment when events or changes in circumstances indicate, in management’s judgment, that the carrying value of such investment may have experienced an other-than-temporary decline in value. When evidence of loss in value has occurred, management compares the estimated fair value of the investment to the carrying value of the investment to determine whether an impairment has occurred. Management assesses the fair value of its equity method investment using commonly accepted techniques, and may use more than one method, including, but not limited to, recent third party comparable sales, internally developed discounted cash flow analysis and analysis from outside advisors. If the estimated fair value is less than the carrying value and management considers the decline in value to be other than temporary, the excess of the carrying value over the estimated fair value is recognized in the financial statements as an impairment.

Pensions

Our pension benefit obligations and expenses are calculated using actuarial models and methods, in accordance with FASB ASC 715 – Compensation—Retirement Benefits. Two of the more critical assumptions and estimates used in the actuarial calculations are the discount rate for determining the current value of benefit obligations and the expected rate of return on plan assets. Other assumptions and estimates used in determining benefit obligations and plan expenses, including demographic factors such as retirement age, mortality, and turnover, are also evaluated periodically and updated accordingly to reflect our actual experience.

Unrecognized actuarial gains and losses are generally being recognized over a period of 10 to 15 years, which represents the expected remaining service life of the employee group. Our unrecognized actuarial gains and losses arise from several factors, including experience and assumptions changes in the obligations and the difference between expected returns and actual returns on plan assets. The difference between actual and expected returns is deferred as an unrecognized actuarial gain or loss and is recognized as future pension expense.

The actuarial assumptions used in determining our pension benefits may differ materially from actual results due to changing market and economic conditions, higher or lower withdrawal rates, and longer or shorter life spans of participants. While we believe that the assumptions used are appropriate, differences in actual experience or changes in assumptions may materially affect our financial position or results of operations. Our actuarial estimates of pension benefit expense and expected pension returns of plan assets are discussed further in Note 17 in the accompanying financial statements.

Income taxes

Deferred tax assets and liabilities are recognized for the expected future tax consequences of events that have been recognized in the financial statements or tax returns. A current tax asset or liability is recognized for the estimated taxes refundable or payable on tax returns for the current year. A deferred tax asset or liability is recognized for the estimated future tax effects attributable to temporary differences between the financial reporting basis and the income tax basis of assets and liabilities. The measurement of current and deferred tax assets and liabilities is based on provisions of the enacted tax law, and the effects of potential future changes in tax laws or rates are not considered.

In assessing the realizability of deferred tax assets, we consider whether it is more likely than not that some portion or all of the deferred tax assets will not be realized. The ultimate realization of deferred tax assets is dependent upon the generation of future taxable income during the periods in which those temporary differences become deductible. A valuation allowance is provided for deferred tax assets if it is more likely than not that these items will not be realized. We consider the scheduled reversal of deferred tax liabilities, projected future taxable income and tax planning strategies in making this assessment. Additionally, we use forecasts of certain tax elements such as taxable income and foreign tax credit utilization and the evaluation of tax planning strategies in making this assessment of realization. Given the inherent uncertainty involved with the use of such assumptions, there can be significant variation between anticipated and actual results.

 

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We have operations in numerous countries other than the United States. Consequently, we are subject to the jurisdiction of a significant number of taxing authorities. The income earned in these various jurisdictions is taxed on differing bases, including income actually earned, income deemed earned, and revenue-based tax withholding. The final determination of our tax liabilities involves the interpretation of local tax laws, tax treaties, and related authorities in each jurisdiction. Changes in the operating environment, including changes in tax law and currency/repatriation controls, could impact the determination of our tax liabilities for a tax year.

Income tax positions must meet a more-likely-than-not recognition threshold to be recognized. Income tax positions that previously failed to meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are recognized in the first subsequent financial reporting period in which that threshold is met. Previously recognized tax positions that no longer meet the more-likely-than-not threshold are derecognized in the first subsequent financial reporting period in which that threshold is no longer met. The company recognizes potential interest and penalties related to unrecognized tax benefits in income tax expense.

Tax filings of our subsidiaries, unconsolidated affiliates, and related entities are routinely examined in the normal course of business by tax authorities. These examinations may result in assessments of additional taxes, which we work to resolve with the tax authorities and through the judicial process. Predicting the outcome of disputed assessments involves some uncertainty. Factors such as the availability of settlement procedures, willingness of tax authorities to negotiate, and the operation and impartiality of judicial systems vary across the different tax jurisdictions and may significantly influence the ultimate outcome. We review the facts for each assessment, and then utilize assumptions and estimates to determine the most likely outcome and provide taxes, interest, and penalties as needed based on this outcome.

Derivative instruments

At times, we enter into derivative financial transactions to hedge existing or projected exposures to changing foreign currency exchange rates. We do not enter into derivative transactions for speculative or trading purposes. We recognize all derivatives on the balance sheet at fair value. Derivatives that are not accounted for as hedges under FASB ASC 815 – Derivatives and Hedging, are adjusted to fair value and such changes are reflected through the results of operations. If the derivative is designated as a hedge, depending on the nature of the hedge, changes in the fair value of derivatives are either offset against the change in fair value of the hedged assets, liabilities or firm commitments through earnings or recognized in other comprehensive income until the hedged item is recognized in earnings.

The ineffective portion of a derivative’s change in fair value is recognized in earnings. Recognized gains or losses on derivatives entered into to manage foreign exchange risk are included in foreign currency gains and losses in the consolidated statements of income.

Concentration of credit risk

We have revenues and receivables from transactions with individual external customers that amount to 10% or more of our revenues. A significant portion of our revenue from services is generated from transactions with the United States government, which was derived almost entirely from our IGP segment. Additionally, a considerable percentage of revenue from services is generated from transactions with the Chevron Corporation (“Chevron”), which was derived almost entirely from our Hydrocarbons segment. No other customers represented 10% or more of consolidated revenues in any of the periods presented. In addition, our receivables are generally not collateralized. The information in the following tables has summarized data related to our transactions with the U.S. government and Chevron.

Revenues from major customers:

 

     Years ended December 31,  
Millions of dollars, except percentage amounts    2011      2010      2009  

U.S. government revenue

   $ 2,219       $ 3,277       $ 5,195   

Chevron revenue

   $ 2,047       $ 1,783       $ 1,375   
  

 

 

    

 

 

    

 

 

 

Percentages of revenues and accounts receivable from major customers:

 

     Years ended December 31,  
Millions of dollars, except percentage amounts    2011     2010     2009  

U.S. government revenue percentage

     24     32     43

Chevron revenues percentage

     22     18     11

U.S. government receivables percentage

     26     33     44

Chevron receivables percentage

     8     11     7
  

 

 

   

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

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Noncontrolling interest

Noncontrolling interest in consolidated subsidiaries in our consolidated balance sheets principally represents noncontrolling shareholders’ proportionate share of the equity in our consolidated subsidiaries. Noncontrolling interest in consolidated subsidiaries is adjusted each period to reflect the noncontrolling shareholders’ allocation of income or the absorption of losses by noncontrolling shareholders on certain majority-owned, controlled investments.

Foreign currency translation

We determine the functional currency of our foreign entities based upon the currency of the primary environment in which they operate. Where the functional currency is not the U.S. dollar, translation of assets and liabilities to U.S. dollars is based on exchange rates at the balance sheet date. Translation of revenue and expenses to U.S. dollars is based on the average rate during the period. Translation gains or losses, net of income tax effects, are reported as a component of other comprehensive income (loss). Gains or losses from foreign currency transactions are included in results of operations, with the exception of intercompany foreign transactions that are of a long-term investment nature, which are recorded in “Other comprehensive income” on our consolidated balance sheets.

Variable Interest Entities

The majority of our joint ventures are variable interest entities. We account for variable interest entities (“VIEs”) in accordance with FASB ASC 810 – Consolidation which requires the consolidation of VIEs in which a company has both the power to direct the activities of the VIE that most significantly impact the VIE’s economic performance and the obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive the benefits from the VIE that could potentially be significant to the VIE. If a reporting enterprise meets these conditions then it has a controlling financial interest and is the primary beneficiary of the VIE. We have applied the requirements of FASB ASC 810 on a prospective basis from the date of adoption on January 1, 2010. The adoption of FASB ASC 810 resulted in the consolidation of the Fasttrax Limited VIE which is discussed below under the caption “Fasttrax Limited Project.”

We assess all newly created entities and those with which we become involved to determine whether such entities are VIEs and, if so, whether or not we are their primary beneficiary. Most of the entities we assess are incorporated or unincorporated joint ventures formed by us and our partner(s) for the purpose of executing a project or program for a customer, such as a governmental agency or a commercial enterprise, and are generally dissolved upon completion of the project or program. Many of our long-term energy-related construction projects in our Hydrocarbons business group are executed through such joint ventures. Typically, these joint ventures are funded by advances from the project